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Comet 18 B.C.

18 BC - Ceasar Augustus - The reverse of the coin is inscribed DIVVS IVLIVS, “the Divine Julius”  The picture is that of an eight-rayed comet with the tail upwards.  The comet is a symbol for the god Julius since it was stated in the biography of Julius Caesar by the ancient author Suetonius that a comet was seen over Rome just after Caesar’s death which was believed to be his soul ascending to heaven. Link


*According to Donald K. Yeomans (Link) The comet depicted on the Augustus Roman denarius would appear to be the bright naked eye comet of 44 BC (-43) seen shortly after the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC.  There were no naked eye comets in 17 BC or 18 BC.

Comet (?) 1562*

1562 Filips II


Monstrant regibus astra viam. The stars show the way to kings

*According to Donald K. Yeomans (Link) there were naked eye comets in 1558 and a very short Korean record of a comet in 1567 but nothing in 1562.  This jeton of 1562 denoted the star of Bethlehem recorded in the bible as a sign at the time of Christ's birth.

Comet 1577-1578 Link

Comet above Antwerp (B)


Comet 1618 Link

silver - gilt 26,7 mm 8,36gr

Kirch's Comet - 1680 Link

Klinkenberg - De Cheseaux's Comet - 1744 Link Link


1910 Halley's Comet Link

1986 Halley's Comet Link


Solar System

1747 Stadhouder Willem Karel Hendrik Friso

Solar System with the Planet "Herschel" (1800?)

5 German Mark 1973

The moon

Louis XV - 1754 Silver medal (Marteau) 28,7 mm

Instruments - Observatory - Miscellaneous


Tsarina Catarina II - 1776 Bronze medal  Ø 55 mm (made by Judin) Link

Obverse: Ekaterina II Empress and Tsarina of Whole Russia. Reverse: Solemn Jubilee of Academy of science. Picturue of the Academy buildings with obervatory. (Thanks to Marishka for the information/translation)

Tsar Nicolas I -1835 - Bronze Medallion Ø 67 mm Link

Obverse: Nikolas I, Emperor and Caesar (here meaning Autocrat, TSAR) Whole Russia". Reverse Pulkovo Observatory. The Pulkovo observatory was established in 1833 by the decree of Tsar Nikolas I. But the Grand Opening Ceremony was on August 19, 1839. On this medaillon it looks like the building is not finished. There should be an almost similar silver medaillon with the date 1839 from the same maker: H. Gube. (Again, thanks to Marishka)

1978 Silver gilt 38.6 mm  Das Linsen Telescope

Pope Pius X - 1911

Gauss Silver medal (gilt) 1970 (Bodlak) 44.8 mm

Fraunhofer Silver medal (gilt) 1970 (Bodlak) Refractor Dorpat Berlin 44.8 mm

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