Stp 109 Düsseldorf

Map number

- 

Location

This strongpoint is no doubt one of the easiest to find. It is situated on and around the Cap Blanc Nez.

Tactical function

Observation of the (skies above the) English Channel and the English coast, as well as beach defence.
Unit(s) Kriegsmarine
(25.03.43)

1/I Funkmessmarineabteilung
5 Peilstände
Flak MAA 244
Luftwaffe
(25.03.43)

2 Zug/5 Kompanie/Luftnachrichtenfunkhorchregiment West
II/3/765 Flakzug
Heer
(25.03.43)

2 Kompanie/26 Reserveregiment/156 Reservedivision
4 Kompanie/26 Reserveregiment/156 Reservedivision
Propagandakompanie Blanc-Nez
(1944)
2 Kompanie/Grenadierregiment 115/47 Infanteriedivision
Troops Kriegsmarine
(5.04.41)
38 Mann (1/4/33)
(25.03.43)
1/I Funkmessmarineabteilung 8 Mann (0/8/0)
Flak MAA 244 17 Mann (0/4/13)
Besatzung für Peilstände: 13 Mann (0/3/10)
Luftwaffe
(25.03.43)

2 Zug/5 Kompanie/Luftnachrichtenfunkhorchregiment West 78 Mann (2/22/54)
II/3/765 Flakzug 18 Mann (0/4/14)
Heer
(25.03.43)

2 Kompanie/26 Reserveregiment/156 Reservedivision: 78 Mann (0/6/72)
4 Kompanie/26 Reserveregiment/156 Reservedivision: 5 Mann (1/1/3)
Propagandakompanie Blanc-Nez: 3 Mann (1/1/1)

Weapons

Kriegsmarine
(25.03.43)

1/I Funkmessmarineabteilung 1x lMG, 2x MP, 7x Pistole, 1x Signalpistole
Flak MAA 244 1x 4 cm Flak, 2x 2 cm Flak, 1x Pistole, 1x MP, 16x Gewehre, 3x Signalpistolen
Besatzung der Peilstände: 14x Gewehre, 3x Signalpistolen, 2x Scheinwerfer
Luftwaffe
(25.03.43)

2 Zug/5 Kompanie/Luftnachrichtenfunkhorchregiment West 78: 98x Gewehre, 11x Pistolen, 4x MP, 1s lMG, 5x sMG, 2x lGrW, 1x 60 cm Scheinwerfer
II/3/765 Flakzug: 3x 2 cm Flak 30, 1x Pistole, 2x MP, 1x Signalpistole, 16x Gewehre
Heer
(25.03.43)

2 Kompanie/26 Reserveregiment/156 Reservedivision
4 Kompanie/26 Reserveregiment/156 Reservedivision
1x 7,5 cm LAG, 70x Gewehre, 4x MP, 3x lMG, 8x Pistole, 3x Alarmpistole, 2x lGrW, 1x Flammenwerfer, 2x Zielfernrohrgewehre, 1x Schiessbecher
Propagandakompanie Blanc-Nez: 3x Gewehre, 3x Pistolen, 2x MP, 1x lMG 15

Bunkers

At least 88 constructions were built.

Remaining bunkers

See the plan and the pictures below. The numbers below refer to the constructions on the plan.
Radar Kriegsmarine: 2x FuMO 214 Würzburg Seeriese (Seetakt), FuMO 2 Calais (Seetakt)
Luftwaffe: FuMG 450 Freya A/N (aircraft), 2x FuMG 40L Kurmark (Flak)

Comments

In 1940 Oberst Wilhem Fink, commander of Jagdgeschwader 2, was designated Kanalkampfführer, tasked with coordinating various Luftwaffe units flying missions against the RAF, and was regularly present at the Blanc Nez. In the summer of 1940 Kesselring, commander of Luftflotte 2, established his forward headquarters at Sangatte. From August 1940 onwards the headquarters of Jagdfliegerführer 2, was established near the summit, commanded by Major von Doring, succeeded by Generalmajor Theo Osterkamp. Also in 1940, various radars were installed by the Luftwaffe, namely two DeTe-Gerät, the precursor of the later Freya, and two FuMG Kurmark. In January 1941 the former were renamed Emma III and Emma IV. Naturally, also the Kriegsmarine was interested in the location. In addition to 5 observation posts, two Würzburg FuMO Seeriese radars were erected, together with a third radar, a FUMO 2.
The strongpoint was renamed and restructed various times. In 1941 it was called Stützpunkt 15 and divided in 3 parts: Cap Blanc Nez Ost, Cap Blanc Nez West and the position at the entrance to the Cap. In 1943 the position was coded Stp 126/129 Düsseldorf and functioned as Stützpunnktgruppe Cap Blanc Nez, including the Mont d'Hubert and the Cran d'Escalles. Finally, in 1944 the strongpoint was again reduced to its original size and coded Stützpunkt 109 Düsseldorf. In addition the northwestern part of the strongpoint was given its own name, Widerstandsnest 109a Altona.
Naturally, a strongpoint of this size was strongly defended with bunkers, elaborate trench systems, obstacles and minefields.
In September 1944 the strongpoint offers little resistance to the advancing Canadians and surrenders on 25 September.

 

Click on the part you would like to know more about:

 

Stp 109 Düsseldorf südwest

Stp 109 Düsseldorf nordost

 

Stp 109 Düsseldorf südwest

 

See this strongpoint on Google Earth

 

The number behind each construction refers to the plan above
Schnabelstand (24) 
This bunker points towards Escalles and
guards the southwestern approach to the strongpoint.
Unterstand, remains (26)
The site contains various remains of what used to be Unterstände.
Also see below.
Unterstand , remains (28)
 
Unterstand, remains (29)
 
Unterstand, remains (30)
 
R622 (27)
On this side of the strongpoint two R622s can be found which are easily accessible. This is the northeastern one.
Access to and inside view of the Offener Beobachter.
The two entrances to the R622
Unterstand, remains (25)
 
The remains of another Unterstand
R622 (23)
The southwestern R622 is on a quite spectacular location.
This bunker too has its entrance protected by a big wall.
The three entrances
The Verteidigungsscharte
Here we see the corridors inside.
Pictures showing the large crew rooms.
 
A still-present steel door and the way to the other entrance/exit.
 
Some outside view of the Offener Beobachter.
Vf Unterstand (12/13?)
 
This bunker is quite close to the obelisk.
Unterstand (14?)
So is this one.
Vf Peilstand (18,19,20) 
 
The eye-catchers on the seaward side are undoubtedly the three Peilstände.
 
These pictures show the Peilstände in more detail.
 
The entrance, roof, and observation room of one Peilstand.
Emplacement for radar FuMO 214 (5) 
 
What remains of an emplacement for one of the
Würzburg Seeriese
radars of the Kriegsmarine.
R630, covered (33)
The R630 flanking machine-gun bunker has all but been covered.
Vf2a (35)
The entrances of one of the Vf2a personnel bunkers on the site.
The inside of the crew room with the typical emergency exit.
Vf58c (34)
Almost fully covered underneath the earth lies this Tobruk.
Vf personnel (38)
A well-hidden large bunker with windows
Pictures of the various rooms inside.
Emplacement for PaK (37)
Stairs leading to an emplacement for an anti-tank gun.
Wellblech, ruins (39)
This Wellblech bunker has seen better days.
Vf2a (40)
Another Vf2a personnel bunker.
Clearly visible here is the L sign meaning that the bunker
was not bomb-proof in case of a direct hit.
 
Pictures of the inside of the bunker. The walls are very clean.
Vf58c (42) 
 
Guarding the road is this Tobruk.
Vf2a doppel (41) 
 
The entrances to a Doppelunterstand.
 
The two Vf2a bunkers have been connected to each other.

Stp 109 Düsseldorf nordost

See this strongpoint on Google Earth

R621 (47)
The first bunker we come across here is an R621 personnel bunker.
Its roof is currently in use a viewpoint platform.
R501 (45)
This would appear to have been a R501 personnel bunker.
It was blown up, providing these dramatic pictures.
Vf2a (46)
This is the first of many Vf2a personnel bunkers present on the site.
These pictures show the crew room, the typical emergency exit
and the way to the second exit.
Garage, double (51)
A garage building is still present.
There is room for 2 vehicles in 2 different rooms,
one of which even has its own window.
R622 (53)
Views of the western R622 personnel bunker
These pictures show the various parts sticking out of the ground.
The entrance to the offener Beobachter.
R622 (54)
Adjacent is the second R622.
These pictures of the entrance already show
that the bunker has suffered an explosion.
The offener Beobachter of this bunker
HWB bunker (56)
This is the western Wellblechbunker present on the site.
Its entrances are protected by a long concrete wall.
These views of the inside show the typical construction.
HWB bunker (58)
Next to it is a second Wellblech bunker.
Tobruk (65)
This partially covered construction is a Tobruk
Trenches
These pictures show that the ground is still scarred by many trenches.
Open emplacement (68)
Here we seen an open emplacement for a KwK or LAG gun.
Vf2a (67)
The next construction is this Vf2a light personnel bunker.
The two entrances. Note that there is an adjacent Tobruk.
The access corridor and the letter L meaning Leicht, i.e. not resistant to a direct hit.
The inside of the bunker with the typical emergency exit.
Open emplacement (77)
This open emplacement provided room for a small searchlight.
It was connected to a small bunker.
Radar base (69)
This construction was the base for one of the
Würzburg Seeriese FuMO 214
radars of the Kriegsmarine
Unidentified construction (70)
Not far from the radar base (as the picture shows)
are the remains of this unidentified construction.
MG position (75)
This small position housed a machine gun.
Remains of barracks (76)
What remains of what is likely to have been a barracks for the troops.
Vf2a (79)
The entrance of yet another Vf2a
A chimney sticking out
Water storage (80 and 81)
Two large water storage bassins still remain on the site.
Tobruk (84)
Still visible is this Tobruk with yet another Vf2a in the background.
The latter is part of Wn 109a Altona
V206 Machine bunker (61)
Ventilations channels of what is perhaps the most important bunker on the site.
It provided the radars with electricity in emergencies with powerful diesel generators.
These pictures show the entrances.
A view down the central corridor.
On the left is the first and smallest of the machine rooms
To the right is another corridor. At the back is a small room.
Another small room to the right. Note that the armoured doors are still present.
The inside of the first large room.
The second and largest room. Note the locations where the generators were located.
Back of HWB bunker complex (56, 58)
This is the backside of the bunker complex covered above.
Personnel bunker, navy model (55)
Trying to hide