Stp 166 Saitenspiel/Marineküstenbatterie Todt

Map number

-

Location

This strongpoint is not difficult to find. Leavin the village of Audinghen to th south, you cannot fail to see the large gun bunker of Turm I, which also houses the museum. The other bunkers can befound in the area (see the maps below).

Tactical function

Naval coastal battery and company hadquarters

Unit(s) 1940-1942: In 1941-1942 the Batterie Siegfried/Todt was a part of Stp 18
Batterie Siegfried/4 Batterie/Marineartillerieabteilung 242
25.03.1943: At this time the strongpoint was called Stp 213 Saitenspiel.
Batterie Todt/4 Batterie/Marineartillerieabteilung 242/Seekommandant Pas-de-Calais
7 Kompanie/Reservegrenadierregiment 26/156 Reservedivision/LXXXII Armeekorps
1944:
Batterie Todt/4 Batterie/Marineartillerieabteilung 242/Seekommandant Pas-de-Calais
1 Kompanie/II Bataillon/Grenadierregiment 115/47 Infanteriedivision/LXXXII Armeekorps
Troops 1940-1942:
In 1940-1941 the commander was Kapitänleutnant Günther
In 1942 the commander was Oberleutnant Klaus Momber
Batterie Siegfried/4 Batterie/Marineartillerieabteilung 242
25.03.1943: At this time the commander was Oberleutnant  Klaus Momber, seconded by Leutnant Terflot. The army commander was Oberfeldwebel Landtreter, seconded by Obergefreiter Gutseel.
Batterie Todt/4 Batterie/Marineartillerieabteilung 242/Seekommandant Pas-de-Calais: (390 Mann (4/49/337))
7 Kompanie/Reservegrenadierregiment 26/156 Reservedivision/LXXXII Armeekorps: (43 Mann (0/2/41))
1944: At this time the commander was Oberleutnant Klaus Momber
Batterie Todt/4 Batterie/Marineartillerieabteilung 242/Seekommandant Pas-de-Calais
1 Kompanie/II Bataillon/Grenadierregiment 115/47 Infanteriedivision/LXXXII Armeekorps

Weapons

1940-1942:
Batterie Siegfried/4 Batterie/Marineartillerieabteilung 242
25.03.1943:
Batterie Todt/4 Batterie/Marineartillerieabteilung 242/Seekommandant Pas-de-Calais: 2x IG 7,5cm (f), 4x Flak 2cm, 2x lGrW 5cm, 5x MG34, 19x sMG (f), 9x MP, 386x Gewehre, 23x Pistole, 15x Leuchtpistole, 4x Kanone 38cm, 2x KwK 5cm, 1x Flak 3,5cm, 4x Flak 2cm, 1x Flakscheinwerfer 60 d, 1x SSW G110 60 d, 1x LBK-Gerät, 10x Alarmschussgeräte
7 Kompanie/Reservegrenadierregiment 26/156 Reservedivision/LXXXII Armeekorps: 1x lMG 34, 2x lMG (b), 1x sMG34, 1x lGrW 5cm, 1x MP, 7x Pistole (p), 41x Gewehre, 1x lMG 08/15, 1x lMG 311 (f), 2x Flammenwerfer (d), 2x Scheinwerfer 35 d, 2x Leuchtpistole, 1x Zielfernrohrgewehr.
1944:
Batterie Todt/4 Batterie/Marineartillerieabteilung 242/Seekommandant Pas-de-Calais
1 Kompanie/II Bataillon/Grenadierregiment 115/47 Infanteriedivision/LXXXII Armeekorps

Bunkers

See the maps below

Remaining bunkers

See the maps below
Radar FuMO 214 Würzburg Riese located at Wn 166a Seydlitz
Comments As early as June 1940 the small village of Haringzelles was selected by the Kriegsmarine as the location for a heavy naval battery to support the planned invasion of England. Named Siegfried it was to beequipped with 4x 38c SK/C 34 guns. Work at the site started in August 1940, most of which was carried out by the 3 Kompanie/Marinepionierbataillon 316. Initially, the guns stood in the open, protected only by an armoured casemate with 4cm of armoured protection. The ammunition rooms, crew quarters and technical rooms were already under concrete at this point in time.
Towards the end of 1941 the gun rooms were protected by concrete casemates, effectively limiting the operation o each gun to 120°. The four bunkers differed from each other in various ways. Apart from differences in internam measurments, Türme Ii and IV had a Flak positon on their roofs, the access to which is still present today. Also Turm I was equipped with a small MG position protectting its enrance. Finally a Wellblech bunker was built against the back of Turm IV, also still present today. Around the casemates several dozen construction were built, many of which still survive today.They range from small Tobruks to large personnel bunkers and a large hopital bunker. Very common in this strongpont were the Tobruks equipped with the Lichtsprechgerät for sending light signals. The commnd and fire control post of the battery was located in the nearby Wn 166a Seydlitz.
North of Turm III an naval Flak battery, consisting of 6x 7,5cm Flak (f), provided protection against aerial attacks. This battery actually replaced an earlier battery of 6x 88cm Flak 18 located at the Cran Mademoiselle.
The guns were equipped to fire various shells, notably the 38m Sprenggranate and Panzersprenggranate (40km) and the so-clled Siegfriedgranate (55.7km). Some of these munitions are represented today at the entrance to the museum in Turm I. Additional munition was also stored in 2 large ammunition bunkers at nearby Onglevert.
The gun crews were drawn from the 4 Batterie/Marineartillerieabteilung 242. In August 1940 these 405 men, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Günther, arrived in Bouloge and were temporarily lodged in Wimereux. From mid-September they moved to Haringzelles, where they took up quarters in the bunkers at the beginning of October 1940.
On 17 September 1940 the command and fire control post at le Cran de Oeufs became operational and the guns started firing. The command and fre control post was supported by Peilstände at the Cap Gris Nez and the Fort de la Crèche, a Würzburg radar on top of one of the personnal bunkers, and further stations at Bleriot-Plage, Cap Blanc Nzz and Camiers.
The strongpoint played an important role in the propaganda for the Atlantikwall and, as a result, was frequently visited by high-ranking German dignitaries, including Hitler himself on 23 December 1940.
In 1941 the stongpoint was coded 18. Between September-December 1940 and January 1942, no shots were fired on account of the concrete gun bunkers being constructed. On 11 January1942 a ceremony was held, with the new commander Oberleutnant Klaus Momber, to celebrate the guns becomingoperational again. When on 8 February 1942 the OT-commander Fritz Todt was killed in a aircraft accident, the battery was renamed Todt in his honour. During its entire operational life, th battery will fire 476 shots are shipping and land targets on the English coast.
In 1943 the strongpoint was renamed Stp 213 Saitenspiel, to end life as Stp 166 Saitenspiel in 1944. In September 1944 the battery was captured b Canadian troops.
Top attractionsd of the trongpoint are the museum in Turm I and what remains of the frescees in Turm IV.

 

See this strongpoint on Google Earth



See a map of this strongpoint
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Below are some impressions of this strongpoint
The numbers below refer to the above maps
Turm I
The impressive structure of Turm I seen from various angles
Turm I is special in that it has a MG position defending its entrance.
Here we wee the paths leading to the entrance.
The impressive Todt front has been reconstructed.

The absolute eye-catcher of the museum is the K5 railway gun.
Various pictures of aother equipment shown in the open-air museum
This picture shows the size of some of the shells used.
After the entrance we turn right into the corridor which leads to the gun room,
but which also contains the staircase to the lower level. Preserved here are some important slogans. The reproduced slogan on the left sadly contains an error (it should read Windhunde). It translates as Swift like greyhounds, tough as leather, hard as Krupp steel. The slogan in the middle translates as To fight for righteousness, you grew up in defiance of the enemy, German force for Germany's use. Finally, on the right, the slogan simply says Against England.
The entrance to the semi-circular gallery around the back of the gun room.
The gallery today. It used to have small-gauge railway track to enable the heavy ammunition to be transported from the ammunition rooms to the gun.
This door leads from the gallery to the actual gun room.
Views of the interior of what used to be the gun room. Here the big 38cm gun was located.
Picture of the service passage leading down to the technical gallery.
Here we see the upper part of the Turm. The large openings at the back were designed to let in fresh air each time the gun had been fired, thus negating the underpressure created by firing the gun. Since these openings constituted a weakness they were closed up after the Dieppe raid.
Having visited the gun room, it is time to take the stairs down to the lower level.
The corridor of the lower level.
Following the suggested tour we first arrive in the canteen and rest room.
The infirmary suggested today was not there originally.
The following room was the first of the billet rooms. It offered sleeping quarters for 9 men. Today, communication sets are shown.
The next room is the second billet room. The original function was retained here!
Along the corridor we proceed to the other part of the bunker.
At the end of this corridor, we see the remains of ventilation equipment.
At the end of the corridor is the door which led to the store and ventilation room.
Inside what used to be the store and ventilation room, a diorama has been created.
The largest room in the bunker is the one housing the powerful diesel generator,
able to produce 36 kVA.
This door lead to the room of the Turm commander on duty.
The last room on the lowel level was the workshop. This function was kept in the musuem!
From the workshop there was access to the technical gallery (right).
Leaving the generator room, another staircase takes us to the ground level again.
During the war, there was a lift here.
At the top of the stairs we find this reproduction of the firing table.
Each Turm had a firing table recording when the gun had fired.
Next, we visit the large ammunition room. This was the first such room.
The access to the gun room at the back has been closed up.
The passage leading to the second ammunition room
The second ammunition room
This room contains a nice scale-model of the Turm.
Finally, the visit comes to end in the passage leading to the exit/entrance.
Turm II
The Turm II hides in a small wood.
It remains fascinating to suddenly see the huge construction loom right in front of you.
A view of the gun room...
... with the ventilation holes at the back.
The Todt front has long since been removed.
The 2 sides of the Turm.
These pictures show the equally impressive back of Turm II
with the access to the Flak position on the roof.
The entrance
Turm III
In 1945 Turm III was accidentally blown up by 2 careless French workers wrongly handling remaining ammunition. The devastating result of the ensuing explosion is still very much visible today. The walls have been blown sideways and the roof has collapsed in between them.
Evidence of the devastation
Turm IV
Turm IV is no doubt the most dramatic and photogenic of the four.
Views of the Scharte...
... and of the combat room (from the outside)
This is the entrance corridor of the Wellblech bunker
which was built against the back of the main construction.
Above the entrance is an inscription referring to the 3 Kompanie/ Marinepionierbataillon 316, which built the fixed battery constructions.
These pictures show the typical inside of the construction, the escape hatch and the floor tiling.
The typical corrugated iron roof
This is the actual entrance to Turm IV.
Turning left immediately after the entrance is the passage to the ammunition rooms.
On the ceiling we can see the remains of the monorail for the transport of the shells.
On the left we see the central corridor connecting the two ammunition rooms. In the midle again the monorail. On the right, the first of the remaining drawings: a banner with a swastika and two iron crosses. Actually, these are fake and were added in 1994 for the benefit of the movie Fortitude.
Indication of a light switch, presumably fake as light switch remains cannot be seen.
Both sides of the first large ammunition room
A number of ventilation shafts can be found.
An original slogan: Einer muss zerbrechen, und das wird niemals Deutschland sein
(One of us has to give in, and that will never be Germany)
Next, we see a drawing depicting Winston Churchill. Churchill. King George VI of England (portrayed as a giant octopus) is showing Churchill (who is smoking a sigar) where to look as he scans the horizon in search of a friend, like General Fog. But the fog can also be interpreted figuratively, thus referring to the murky future for Britain.
Left: Generale Nebel (General Fog)
Middle: the central portrayal (see above)
Right: WC: "Die Zukunft sieht plötzlich so grau aus und versleichert...!"
(The future is suddenly looking so grey and misty)
The openings to the circular gallery of the gun room.
The shells and cartridges could be passed on through the openings.
Above the opening the question W.C.- Wie lange noch? (How long (until you seek peace)?)
Here, Churchill is crying while holding a small sign.
The text on it: England + Russland = Sieg has been crossed out.
England will not win the war with the help of Russia and is left in utter isolation.
Gegen Engeland. Details of the banner and the Stuka aircraft attacking
Der Gott der Eisen wachsen liess, der wollte keine Knechte!
(The God who had iron grow, did not want servants)
The two ammunition rooms are also interconnected through this passage.
Views of the second ammunution room
The symbols with the eagle and swastika are fake and were added after the war.
WC Wer frech is, der muss leiden, nun musst du erdulden was du hast verschulden!
(He who is impudent has to suffer, now you have to bear your debts).
Cartoon showing a double-faced Churchill. On the hand hand, he is telling the British public that the war will be won. On the other hand, the dire situation Britain is in causes him to lose his cool (and his cigar!) and to call out for help.
This passage leads back to the entrance. The monorail is still very much present overhead.
In the corridor: Opfer schufen Grossdeutschland, durch Opfer wird es ewig sein.
(Sacrifices made Germany what it is today, through sacrifices it will live forever).
This slogan is fake and was added in 1994 for the shooting of the movie Fortitude.
Having arrived back at the entrance we now turn right towards the gun room. The room in between the entrance hall and the gun room used to house the staircase to the lower level
(cf. Turm I).
Pictures of the semi-circular gallery along which the ammunition could be transported by rail.
The point at which the gallery ends on the eastern side.
The actual gun room can be accessed from 2 passages.
This is the eastern passage. The room itself is flooded.
The upper backside of the semi-circular turret construction
with the (closed-up) ventilation openings.
The steel plating supporting the roof. The roof itself, like the external walls,
were constructed in 3.5 metres thick armoured concrete.
Here we see the emplacement of the gun room, upon which the gun rested.

The western part of the gallery, with the openings towards the ammunition rooms and the western end of the gallery. Do the bricks suggest that there was originally still something behind them?

Our next stop is the roof of the bunker.Here we can find a chimney, the start of the staircase to the Flak position on top of the gun bunker and a protected ventilation shaft.

The view from the top of the bunker. One of the main targets, the English coast, is just visible in the distance. This concludes our visit to Turm IV.
6. Water bunker
In view of the importance of the strongpoint, this bunker offered concrete protection to the water sypply of the battery. 
The entrance to the bunker
The interior of the bunker with the piping still present
11. Tobruk for Lichtsprechgerät
This tobruk, which was partially protected by brickwork on top, was used for a Lichtsprechgerät or equipment to send light signals, especially useful in case of a breakdown in communitions.
12. Tobruk
This tobruk still has its cover protection. 
18. Wellblech bunker
The remains of a Wellblech construction.
Its typical form is still recognizable, despite its ruined condition.
25. Guard houses
The museum has at least 3 guard houses. One of these is supposed to come from the site itself (position 25 on the maps). Which? The guard shelter on the left has a date on it: 5.9.42. 
30. Personnel bunker (Type 1)
The type I personnel bunker had two entrances, two large troop rooms
and two smaller rooms for the NCO's. 
31. Vf bunker for generator
The Vf generator bunker provided electricity in case of a power failure.
32. Wellblech bunker
The ubiquitous Wellblech bunker is also represented here.
Note one of the entrances, the chimney and the cracked roof.  
33. Tobruk
This tobruk was located here to provide a circular defence for all the surrounding constructions. It sits right in the middle between nos. 31, 32 and 34.
The entrance and inside view of this construction 
34. Water reservoir
Further proof of the importance of water for the position is this large open water reservoir.
Its primary use was to put out possible fires.
35. Practice gun in concrete
Absolutely unique is the presence of a practice gun in concrete. 
38. Oven
Equally unique is the fact that the over has also stood the test of time. 
39. Personnel bunker (Type 3)
Another type of personnel bunker present is that of type 3. Apart from the entrances, the other differences with the type 1 are that one of the large troop rooms lies parallel with the length of the bunker, that there is only one room for NCO's and that showers and toilets were also present. 
43. Emplacement for 7,5 cm Flak M33 (f)
The battery was protected from air raids by, amongst others, 6x 7,5cm Flak M33 (f). The pictures show one of the remaining open emplacements for this type of gun. 
45. Telephone bunker (Kabelschaltstelle Typ C)
The importance of the strongpoint is further underlined by the presence of a telephone bunker 
The entrance and inside of the bunker 
46-47. Barracks
Some of the daytime barracks of the battary troops still remain.
48. Light bunker
The exact function of this light bunker is unknown.
51. Tobruk
This tobruk is located to the nortwest of Turm I.
60. Personnel bunker (Type 1)
Another example of a personnel bunker types 1. Note how in the time between the pictures the gun has disappeared from the top of the bunker.
61. Tobruk
Another of the many tobruk bunkers present at the site.
62. Tobruk
And another one
65. Emplacement for 5 cm KwK
Close defence was also provided by the 5cm Kampfwagenkanone in this emplacement.
68. Hospital bunker
Like every major naval battery Todt also had its own hospital bunker.