Stp 186 Wiesbaden

Map number

-

Location

This strongpoint can best ne reached from the crossroads in the centre of Onglevert. From here follow the D191 in an easterly direction and drive for about 1 kilometre until you see a cottage on your right. The strongpoint is now to your right (western part) and left (eastern part).

Tactical function

Luftwaffe radio interception and jamming station and (until 1943) artillery battery
Unit(s) 25.03.1943: At this point the western part was coded Stp 214 Holderstrauch and the eastern part Stp 215 Krokodil.
Stp 214 Holderstrauch:
Landesschützenzug 88/XI
7/Luftnachrichtenfunkhorchregiment West
4. Zug/Flakabteilung 765

Messstelle Eisenbahnartillerieabteilung 725
Stp 215 Krokodil:
Stellungsbatterie (Küste) 264
1944:
Landesschützenzug 88/XI
7/Luftnachrichtenfunkhorchregiment West
4. Zug/Flakabteilung 765

Messstelle Eisenbahnartillerieabteilung 725
7 Kompanie/II Bataillon/Grenadierregiment 115/47 Infanteriedivision/LXXXII Armeekorps
Troops 25.03.1943: At this point the commander of Stp 214 Holderstrauch was Feldwebel Büchling (with Unteroffizier Busse as second-in-command), while the commander od Stp 215 Krokodil was Oberleutnant Dörrmann (with Hauptwachtmeister Planoder as second-in-command)
Stp 214 Holderstrauch:
Landesschützenzug 88/XI: 36 Mann (0/4/32)
7/Luftnachrichtenfunkhorchregiment West: 15 Mann (0/3/12)
4. Zug/Flakabteilung 765: 15 Mann (0/3/12)

Messstelle Eisenbahnartillerieabteilung 725: 3 Mann (0/0/3)
Stp 215 Krokodil:
Stellungsbatterie (Küste) 264: 72 Mann (2/16/54)
1944:
Landesschützenzug 88/XI: 36 Mann (0/4/32)
7/Luftnachrichtenfunkhorchregiment West: 15 Mann (0/3/12)
4. Zug/Flakabteilung 765: 15 Mann (0/3/12)
Messstelle Eisenbahnartillerieabteilung 725: 3 Mann (0/0/3)
7 Kompanie/II Bataillon/Grenadierregiment 115/47 Infanteriedivision/LXXXII Armeekorps

Weapons

25.03.1943:
Stp 214 Holderstrauch:
Landesschützenzug 88/XI: 2x lMG (t), 233x Gewehre, 8x MP, 3x Pistole, 3x Leuchtpistole, 4x sMG (t), 2x lGrW 36, 1x GrW (f) 8,14
7/Luftnachrichtenfunkhorchregiment West: 2x lMG (t), 12x Gewehre, 1x Pistole
4. Zug/Flakabteilung 765: 3x Flak 30 2cm, 11x Karabiner, 2x MP, 1x Leuchtpistole

Messstelle Eisenbahnartillerieabteilung 725: 3x Karabiner
Stp 215 Krokodil:
Stellungsbatterie (Küste) 264: 60x Gewehre 98, 2x lMG 34, 12x Pistole, 1x Leuchtpistole, 4x sFH 17 (p) 15,5cm
1944:
Landesschützenzug 88/XI: 2x lMG (t), 233x Gewehre, 8x MP, 3x Pistole, 3x Leuchtpistole, 4x sMG (t), 2x lGrW 36, 1x GrW (f) 8,14
7/Luftnachrichtenfunkhorchregiment West: 2x lMG (t), 12x Gewehre, 1x Pistole
4. Zug/Flakabteilung 765: 3x Flak 30 2cm, 11x Karabiner, 2x MP, 1x Leuchtpistole
Messstelle Eisenbahnartillerieabteilung 725: 3x Karabiner
7 Kompanie/II Bataillon/Grenadierregiment 115/47 Infanteriedivision/LXXXII Armeekorps

Bunkers

2x R668, 11x Barracks, 3x Flak emplacement, HWB Observation, HWB, 1x bunker, 2x air-raid tunnel, garage-niche,
2x niche, antennae/tower bases, 3x field positon, water resrvoir bunker

Remaining bunkers

2x R668, 10x Barracks, 3x Flak emplacement, HWB Observation, HWB, 1x bunker, 2x air-raid tunnel, garage-niche,
2x niche, antennae/tower bases, 3x field positon, water resrvoir bunker
Radar 1x FUMS/T S604/2 Breslau I
Comments The Mont de la Louve rises to a height of 120 metres above sea level, with views reaching as far as Boulogne and the Cap Blanc Nez. It should come as no surprise, then, that the Luftwaffe quickly realised the importance of the hill and established a centre for enemy radar jamming, giving it the code name Breslau I. Several antennae were erected on the western part of the hill, linked to large barracks. Other similar installations, albeit code-named Breslau II, were established at Oostende, Calais (2x), Dieppe and Cherbourg. Overall command in 1940 was exercised by the Störsendezentrale Nachtfalter , located on the Mont de Couple to the east of the Cap Gris Nez. This post was subordinated to the Funksonderkommando of the Luftnachrichtenregiment III. Nachtfalter also processed information from naval transmitters and radars, such as the FuMO 2 Calais B (Setakt) on the Mont Lambert in Boulogne.
The transmitter had been developed by the companies Ristow and DVG an operated between 22 and 28 Mh. The operating procedure involved transmitting a large number of fake echos, thus saturating and confusing English radar. The system was used during Unternehmen Donnerkeil: the escape of the German ships Gneisenau, Scharnhorst and Prinz Eugen on 12 February 1942.
In 1941 this part of the strongpoint was called Wn 23. In 1943 the strongpoint was divided into a western part (Stp 214 Holderstrauch), further occupied by the Luftwaffe, and an eastern part (Stp 215 Krokodil) occupied by the Heer. The main Luftwaffe unit present at this time was a part of the 7 Kompanie/ Luftnachrichtenfunkhorchregiment West, while the Heer positioned the Stellungsbatterie (Küste) 264 on the eastern part. In 1944 the two strongpoints were joined into one, Stp 186 Wiesbaden. At this point, the artillery unit had left the strongpoint.

 

See this strongpoint on Google Earth



See a map of this strongpoint
(internal use only)

 

Below are some impressions of this strongpoint
The numbers below refer to the above map
2. Large barracks
This large barracks is situated closest to the main road.
4. Wellblech+barracks+Flak emplacement
This construction is actually 3-in-1. On the far left we recognize a Wellblech bunker. Adjacent to that is a barracks with a Flak emplacement on top. One of the 2cm Flak 30 guns stood here.
6. Barracks
The barracks seen from a distance
The barracks is actually in a very good condition and very clean inside.
Notice the chimney in the far right picture.
8. Remains of farm building
In summer the construction is today used to keep bees. Careful when approaching!
13-15. Antenna bases
Rather unique here are the remaining bases for the antennae of the Breslau system.
16. Large barracks
This was one of the barracks used for the Auswertung or processing of the information.
17. Wellblech bunker+adjacent building
These pictures show the adjacent building at the western end of the Wellblech.
19. Barracks
The Germans no doubt stayed in this cottage.
The name Breslau can be found over the entrance to the cottage.
20. Barracks
Another fairly large barracks with an emplacement for MG
21. Small garage-niche
The square form of this construction can easily be recognized. 
23. Air-raid tunnel
With no permanent constructions,
the eastern side of the strongpoint had this air-raid tunnel for protection against air raids.
Each side of the tunnel had two entrances.
24. Brick barracks (ruins)
The concrete base and remnants of a brick wall reveal where a barracks once stood.
31. Double niche
This double niche stands close to the cottage (see 19 above).
33. Water reservoir bunker
The bunker is still in use today.
37. Concrete platform (for tower?)
All that remains now is a concrete platform. Possibly, a (wooden) tower once stood here.