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Luftwaffe          Kriegsmarine

 

Even though the origins of radar in Germany go back as far as 1887, serious work really started in 1934 with the foundation of the GEMA company (Gesellschaft für Elektroakustische und Mechanische Apparate). It was there that for the first time work became focused on developing a radar system. On 24 October of that year, naval officers and civilian officials were given a demonstration in Lübeck Bay, whereby rays were reflected from a test
boat at rest some 12 kilometres away. Even a Junkers W34 which happened to be flying by at around 700 meters' altitude reflected the radiated impulses back to the receiver, which was located some 200 metres away from the transmitter.

However, it was during the Second World War, that radar came into its own. Both the Luftwaffe and the Kriegsmarine felt the need to be equipped with radars, each service for its own purposes, leading to numerous types and sub-types being built. The sheer variety of radars is such that its study is a specialisation in its own right, which will not be attempted here. To make matters worse, the Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine assigned different names to radars the use of which they often shared. In what follows we will, therefore, discuss the two services separately.

        

Luftwaffe          Kriegsmarine