History of 65 Infanteriedivision (July 1942 - July 1943)
The 65 Infanteriedivision was established from the reserve army on 7 July 1942 as part of Operation Walküre II. This operation was carried out in order to build reserve forces which could counter a (expected) major uprising both in the Reich and the occupied territories. The division was initially commanded by Generalleutnant Hans Bömers.
The division was moved to Belgium and concentrated around Antwerp and the important army training grounds at Maria-ter-Heide, in an attempt to also provide a better defence for the important city and port of Antwerp. From the start the 65 Infanteriedivision also functioned as Heeresgruppenreserve.
On 15 July 1942 Generalmajor Bömers took official command of the 65 Infanteriedivision.
On 17 July 1942 the AOK 15 issued an order in which it stated that the 65 Infanteriedivision was to arrive in the Antwerp area on 19-20 August. The division would be subordinated to the AOK 15 for for economical, training and disciplinary purposes; tactically it would be Heeresgruppenreserve. The division was to relieve those units of the 337 Infanteriedivision in Antwerp. The division was to be deployed in such a way that it could operate to defend Antwerp on either side of the Schelde estuary and could also operate in the Netherlands, if required. After the arrival of the 65ID the verst IR 688 of the 337 Infanteriedivision would most probably me moved to the Rouen area. Also on this day, the division had the following Offizierstellenbesetzung:
On 18 July 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision began moving from Germany to Antwerp. Also on this day, the division issued special orders for the logistical support of the division. The document is interesting in that it mentions the important logistical units: Ortskommandantur Antwerpen, Heeresverpflegungsstelle Antwerpen, Heeresunterkunftsverwaltung Antwerpen, Reichskreditkasse Antwerpen, Hauptkasse I (Brüssel), Kriegslazarett Antwerpen, Heerespferdelazarett 112 in Etterbeek, Feldpostamt 723 Antwerpen. Further on this day, the division issued orders for the unloading of the division, the march to the quarters and the required actions in the quarters. The document also contains an overview of the quarters to be occupied (Unterkünfte).This overview can be found processed in the following document:
The divisional headquarters were located in the Sint-Michielscoollege (4km southwest of Brasschaat)
On 19 July 1942 the division started unloading in Antwerpen (Schijnpoort). The Führungsstaffel was accommodated at the castle De Donk in Brasschaat. The division was Heeresgruppereserve. In the event of an enmey attack it was to defend Antwerp and both banks of the river Schelde. If necessary, the division was to deploy to the southern part of the Netherlands.
On 20 July 1942 the division issued an order detailing the missions of the division. In addition to the main mission detailed above, the division was also to prepare to combat enemy parachute and glider troops. The area in which the division was stationed was divided into 6 sectors for this purpose.
On 21 July 1942 the last units of the division arrived.
On 22 July 1942 the headquarters of the division was composed of the following officers and officials:
On 26 July 1942 we find another (more detailed) overview of the locations of the various units of the division. It can be found below:
On 27 July 1942 the division reported that, in addition to the measures taken by the Feldkommandantur Antwerpen, it had taken over the defence of the 4 locks in the port of Antwerp with one reinforced battalion and with the main defensive focus on the Kruisschanssluis.
On 30 July 1942 the division released its order for the defence of the quarters area against enemy air landings (for which the area was divided into 6 sectors, the defence of the locks in the port (including the Schelde tunnels) (by II/IR145) and a change in accommodation. For the locks 1 company was to secure the Kruisschanssluis, reinforced by a heavy MG, a heavy mortar section and 2x 5cm Pak (with 1 reinforced platoon permanently present). The three other locks (Royers, Kattendijk, Bonapart) were to be secured by another company. Finally, one platoon reinforced by a heavy MG section was to guard the bridges southeast of Wilmarsdonk. The Pionierbataillon 165 was to take over the defence of the 2 Schelde tunnels from the forces of the Feldkommandantur and was to construct a defensive strongpoint at the western end. Finally, some units were order to change their accommodation:
Further on this day the division submitted the questionnaire to the AOK15 for the evaluation of the combat strength of the division. The document contains the names of the commanders of the regiments: Oberst Lange (IR145), Oberstleutnant Reitzenstein (IR146) and Oberstleutnant Schwarz (AR165). Half the officers were assessed as being too old, the other half young. The average age of the troops was 30 years. One 1 quuarter of the troops had had any combat experience. The end judgement was that the division had not had combat experience and was only suitable for local defensive operations.
On 31 July 1942 the AOK15 issued an order regarding the establishing of the corps headquarters for the Generalkommanso Y, to which the 65 Infanteriedivision was to be subordinated (though not tactically).
On 1 August 1942 the division reported to the AOK15 on the composition of its advance unit (Vorausabteilung) both before and after the arrival of allocated bicycles.
On 2 August 1942 the division reported in more detail on the deployment of the I/IR145 in Antwerp:
On 3 August 1942 the division ordered the Panzerjägerabteilung 165 to ensure that the rown of Essen (considered an important road junction) was secured especially during the night by patrols with the specific mission to raise the alarm in case of an enemy coming from the north.
On 4 August 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued further orders with regard to the composition of the Vorausabteilung. Also on this day; the division issued a strength report. This report shows 18 officers and 113 other ranks missing, as well as 32 horse-drawn and 60 motorized vehicles missing). At this point in time the division was judged by its commander as capable of local defensive actions.
On 6 August 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision (section Ic) communicated that Flemish and Walloon security batallions had been established.
On 9 August 1942 the division was organized and deployed as follows:
Further on this day, the 65 Infanteriedivision reported to the Generalkommando Schelde that the construction of the Igelstellung at the western end of the vehicle tunnel had not yet been completed and that the position at the Kreuzschansschleuse was under construction. Finally on this day, the division reported that it was only capable of limited attacks, not fully capable defensively, but partially capable defensively (but for the western front only). The division was missing 74 officers, 10 officials and 438 NCOs but had a surplus of 360 other ranks).
On 10 August 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision ordered that the defence of the port of Antwerp AND the two tunnels was to be carried out by the /IR 145 (thus relieving the 2/Pionierbataillon 165 of its duties at the tunnels). The relieved engineer unit was ordered to its accomodation in Burcht. However, the Pionierbataillon was to function as Eingreifreserve for both tunnels for the Abschnittkommandant Antwerpen. Also on this day, it was ordered that one company (preferably of the II. Batgaillon) was to be deployed as Wachkompanie at the headquarters of the Generalkommando Schelde at the Nachtegalenpark in Antwerpen.
On 11 August 1944 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued an order regarding the relieving of the Pionierbataillon 165 at the western entrances of both tunnels in Antwerp by the I/IR145 on 12 August. The takeover was to be reported both to the division and to the Abschnittskommandant Antwerpen, Generalmajor Krech. As a result, the I/IR145 was now responsible for securing both the locks and the Schelde tunnels in Antwerp. The reinforced I/IR145 was to be deployed as follows:
Further on this day, the various sub-units of the 65 Infanteriedivision were billeted as follows:
On 14 August 1942 it was reported that the 5/IR145 had new accommodation at the Machelin barracks in the Generaal Lemanstraat in Antwerpen-Zuid.
On 15 August 1942 the 65ID planned to carry out the following unit location transfers: Pionierbataillon 165 to the area Wijnegem-Schoten-Deurne, III/IR 145 to the area Zwijndrecht-Burcht-Melsele. I/IR145 to Maria-ter-Heide, I/IR146 to Antwerpen (locks, port and Schelde tunnels) and relief of the Wachkompanie with the Generalkommando Schelde by en company of III/IR145. These changes were not expected to take place before 23 August.
On 16 August 1942 the 65Infanteriedivision sent a Wochenmeldung to the Generalkommando Schelde. In it the division requested the allocation of a dental station, pointed out that 3x 3.7cm Pak were missing (although 5cm Paks were present instead), mentioned that 5 lFH16 were in Brussel for servicing and that 20% of all motorized vehicles of the division were being repaired at any given time.
On 20 August 1942 the Führungsstaffel of the division moved to the Oudstrijderslei 12-14.
On 22 August 1942 the following changes were made the accomodation overview of the sub-units of the division of 11 August above: 5/IR145 in Kapellen, Stab I/IR146 in Zwijndrecht, 1/IR146 in Melsele, 2/IR146 in Antwerpen-Zuid (Machelinkazerne, General Lemanstraat), 3/IR146 in Burcht, 4/IR146 in Zwijndrecht, Stab Pionierbataillon and all sub-units in Schoten, Nachschubkompanie in Schilde.
On 23 August 1942 the I/146 moved to Zwijndrecht and the Pionierbataillon 165 to Schoten. In the Wochenbericht of this day the 65 Infanteriedivision mentioned that responsibility for securing the western exits of both Schelde tunnels (previously assumed by the Pionierbataillon 165) had been taken over by the I/IR146. 2/IR146 (previously 5/IR145) was deployed as Wachkompanie for the Generalkommando Schelde Finally, the Pionierbataillon 165 had been transferred to Schoten. The division also reported that bunker construction had temporarily been completed.
On 25 August 1942 the division of the sector of the division into sub-sectors (Abschnitteinteilung) was changed.
On 27 August 1942 the war diary mentioned that on the order of the division an construction staff (Ausbaustab) was established. The Ausbaustab was composed as follows: Oberst Lange, Kommandeur IR 145 as commander (later changed to the commander of the IR146), 1 Ordonanzoffizier, Major Lefrank, Kommandeur I/AR 165, one officer from the Pionierbataillon 165, the Chef 1/PzJgAbt 165 and a small administrative staff.
On 1 September 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision wrote to the Generalkommando Schelde on the deployment of the I/IR146 in Antwerp. The division pointed out that the batallion, in addition to the security duties and the mission of Eingreifreserve at the Schelde tunnels, had been tasked by the Abschnittskommandant Antwerpen with establishing strongpoints in various other locations: the southwestern and northwestern town exits/entrances of Beveren-Waas, Kallo and Melsele, the Strassengabel Van Dooren, as well as the southwestern bank of the Schelde river near the Fort St-Marie and in the area Pipe de Tabac. The division then pointed out that it would be more efficient to assign these duties to a Landesschutzen unit and to have the strongpoints constructed by unemployed civilians under the control of Wehrmacht auxiliary personnel. In this way, the batallion would be enable to complete its necessary training.
Further on this day a situation report (Zustandsbericht) was released, reflecting the strengths and weaknesses of the division. In terms of personnel the division was short of 436 NCOs and 350 other ranks. Officers positions were filled, but many officers lacked combat experience. Also many soldiers were older than normal and the division contained very many Volksdeutsche. There was a serious shortage of terrain-capable cars and only 3/4 of the artillery was available.
On 5 September 1942 the following changes were made the accommodation overview of the sub-units of the division of 11 August above: 3/IR146 in Zwijndrecht, 4/IR146 in Burcht. Also on this day, the division pointed out that an allied landing was to be expected during the month of September. For that reason the alert condition Vorwarnung would be called on certain days. This meant that the Vorausabteilung was to be ready in 1 hour with the rest of the division in 2 1/2 hours during Vorwarnung. In addition, the Vorausabteilung (built around the III/IR146) was to be ready in 1 /1/2 hours during the whole of September.
On 6 September 1942 the division released its order for the security of the billeting area against against enemy airborne troops.
On 10 September 1942 an order from the corps was received, ordering amongst others, the relieving of the 39 Infanteriedivision by the 65 Infanteriedivision.
On 20 September 1942 the following changes were made the accomodation overview of the sub-units of the division of 11 August above: 13/IR145 at De Donk, 4/AR165 in Turnhout, 3. und 4. Kraftwagenkolonne 165 in Wijnegem, Kraftwagenwerkstattzug 165 in Antwerpen (Durletstraat). Also on this day, the division ordered the relieving of the I/IR146 at the Schelde tunnels by the III/IR145 on 23 September.
On 21 September 1942 the division reported to the Generalkommando Schelde that, rather than Oberst Lange, Oberstleutnant Reitzenstein, the commander of the IR146 would be given the function of commander of the Erkundungsstab. The reason for this was that Oberst Lange was to command the verteidigungsbereich Vlissingen, which duty would take up all of this time. Since the planned headquarters for the IR146 were in Goes, it was thought that, in his new function, Reitzenstain would also get the opportunity to get to know the Walcheren sector.
On 23 September 1942 the I/IR146 was relieved by the III/IR145, which unit was now responsble for the defence of the Schelde tunnels in Antwerp
On 29 September 1942 the division was informed that the above relief operation was to start on 15 October.
On 30 September 1942 the corps issued the order to the 65 Infanteriedivision for the relief of the 39 Infanteriedivision. Also on this day, the headquarters and the field units had the following officers:
On 1 October 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision sent a status report to the Generalkommando Schelde. The report shows that 58 officers and 407 NCOs were missing. However, there was a surplus of 73 other ranks). The vehicle situation was especially problematic, while the heavy weapons were in better shape (with the lowest percentage being 80% of the required artillery). Neverthless, the commander assessed his division as fully mobile.
On 6 October 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued its divisional order for the deployment of the division to Walcheren, North-Beveland and South-Beveland. The division was tasked to defend these islands as well as to secure the straits between Schouwen en Walcheren (in cooperation with the 719 ID) and the Schelde estuary (in cooperation with the 712ID). In this respect the following detailed deployment was envisaged.
On 7 October 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued its order for the relief of the 39 ID in the KVA A1. The latter was to relieve the former in the period 16-19 October and was to take command of the KVA A1 on 20 October.Importantly, every strongpoint was to be occupied with the same strengths as the 39 ID. The division was to march to its new area in batallion groups and the marches were to be coupled to exercises. Until 20 October the divisional HQ was to remain At De Donk; after 20/10 it was to be established in Middelburg. The document below is interesting in that it shows which units of the 65 ID relieved which units of the 39 ID in which location.
On 8 October 1942 the 39 Infanteriedivision issued a Ablösungsplan, detailing when the Vorkommandos of each sub-unit were to arrive in the Antwerp area and, more importantly for us, in what exact location also which unit of the 65 ID they were to relieve. This plan can be found below:
On 9 October 1942 the condition report (Zustandsmeldung) for the divisions states that the division was only capable of attacks with limited objectives and was only capable of limited defensive action on the Western front. The division was also said to be short of 58 officers, 8 officials, 407 NCOs, but had a surplus of 273 other ranks.
In the weekly report (Wochenmeldung) of 10 October 1942 the division reported that the construction of quarters in the strongpoints was being continued.
On 16 October 1942 a German document mentions the folloxwng changes in the deployment of the 65ID and the relieving of the 39ID (cf. document of 7 October above):
In the weekly report of 17 October 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision reported that, starting on this day, the division had relieved parts of the 39ID.
On 18 October 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision officially assumed command of the former sector of the 39ID on Walcheren, with headquarters in Middelburg.
From 20 October 1942 onwards the division was officially responsible for coastal defence and was stationed in KVA A1 on the islands of Walcheren and North and South Beveland. On this day the division issued its Divisionsbefehl for the deployment of the division. The division was tasked to defend these islands as well as to secure the straits between Schouwen en Walcheren (in cooperation with the 719 ID) and the Schelde estuary (in cooperation with the 712ID). In this respect the following detailed deployment was ordered:
On 22 October 1942, during a visit to the 65 Infanteriedivision, and more specifically to the Infanterieregiment 145, commanded by Oberst Lange and stationed on Walcheren, the following sectors and occupying units were determined:
Further on this day, the 65 Infanteriedivision issued its order for taking over the expanded Verteidigungsbereich Vlissingen. The IR145 with the reinforced II/IR145 was to take over the new VB Vlissingen from Stp Carmen to Stp Rommel. The IR146 with the II/IR146 was to take control of the Stp Ostmark and the Wn Fischhausen. As a result of the above, the following changes in deployment were made:
On 23 October 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued its order for the creation and the concentration of Alarmeinheiten. Three units were established: Alarmeinheit A in Goes (160 men), Alarmeinheit B in Middelburg (81 men), and Alarmeinheit C in Bergen-op-Zoom (54 men).
On 24 October 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued its alarm order (Alarmregelung) for the KVA of the division. The division was permanently put on dauerende Abwehrbereitschaft (permanent defensive readiness). Higher alert stages were drohende Gefahr, Alarmstufe I and Alarmstufe II.
On 25 October 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued a divisional order concerning Kampfliste (lists of combatants), Hilfskräfte (auxiliary forces) and Unterkunftsverteidigung (defence of quarters). Every German man, not part of the actual coastal defence forces and headquarters, was to be listed in a Kampflist. This included male German civilians and workers. In addition, reliable foreign workers were to be drafted in as auxiliary forces in support roles (in order to free german personnel). Both lists were to be submitted to the division by 5 November. Finally, following a British attack on some soldiers on the island of Sark, it was ordered that no German soldier was to be quartered outside a strongpoint or resistance nest. Simultaneously, the order was given for the defence of quarters and barracks.
On 26 October 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision ordered the sub-sectors or Unterabschnitte of the Walcheren coast as follows:
On 27 October 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued an order concerning the way in which orders and reports were to be passed on.
On 31 October 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued its weekly report. Firstly, it was reported that the VB Vlissingen had been expanded and that the additional strongpoints and resistance nests had been occupied by II/GR145, with II/GR146 taking over the Stp Ostmark and the WN Fischhausen. Details were also given about bunker construction:
Overall, construction was seen as advancing as planned. Further, the construction of field fortifications by the troops had been taken over from the 39 ID. Finally, the barbed wired defences had been expanded.
In the beginning of November 1942 the division was organized as follows (information available at the end of October is also taken into account):
On 1 November 1942 another situation report was released by the division. It was still short of 63 officers and 325 NCOs, but it had a surplus of 84 other ranks. The division still experienced shortages in vehicles and artillery pieces and almost complete shortages in winter equipment. It was assessed as fully mobile and defence capable, but with only a limited capability for attack). Also on this day, an intelligence report mentions some of the other Dienststellen in the area: Ortskommandantur Middelburg, Beauftragte des Reichskommissars, Hafenüberwachungsstelle Vlissingen (Nebenstellen Wemeldinge, Veere, Hansweert)(+/- 100 Mann), VGAD with headquarters of the Bezirkskommissar in Koudekerke, leitende Polizeioffizier beim Beauftragen des Militärbefehlshabers. Aussenposten SD in Middelburg. Fliegerhorst Vlissingen;
On 7 November 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued its weekly report. Firstly, it was reported that the WN Cranz had been assessed and occupied by the batallion in the Unterabschnitt Westwalcheren. Details were also given about bunker construction:
Further, the construction of field fortifications by the troops had been continued, also for positions in the rear, and barbed wired defences had been expanded. Finally, artillery positions had had to be improved and new positions prepared due to high ground water levels. Construction work was hindered by insufficient construction materials.
On 12 November 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued an order, adding to the one of 25 October above, for the establishing of Alarmeineinheiteni within the support units of the fighting units themselves (rather than only in the actual support units).
Around mid-November 1942 the 39 Infanteriedivision based in Antwerp moved to the coast between Wenduine and De Panne to relieve the 306 Infanteriedivision there. This must have caused problems for the German army, as records show that for a month or so there was no new division to replace it. On 13 November 1942, as a stop-gap measure, a battalion of the 65 Infanteriedivision, now stationed on Walcheren was detached to perform guard duties in the port of Antwerp, more specifically the I Bataillon/Grenadierregiment 146. The batallion arrived on 17 November. The headquarters and 2 companies were based in Ekeren, one company in Oorderen (Stp Kruisschanzschleuse), while the remaining 2 Kompanie performed guard duties at the Corps headquarters in Wilrijk. The sector vacated by the I/GR146 was to be taken over by the III/GR146. The strongpoints and resistance nests from Roon to Grosser Kurfürst were to be occupied by a reinforced company, while the resistance nests from Mackensen to Jahn were to be left unoccupied (weakly occupied with Alarmstufe II. Finally, the mission of III/GR146 to act as Eingreifreserve for Walcheren was revoked.
On 14 November 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued its weekly report. Between the Stp Lohengrin and the Wn Carmen a new resistance nest Fledermaus had been established. Also the Stab Pionierbataillon 165 had been moved to Serooskerke. Details were also given about bunker construction:
Construction work was said to suffer from the Alarmstufe. The artillery fire positions were reaching their completion.
On 15 November 1942 the division reported that, in order to fill the void between the strongpoints Fischhausen and Emmerich, the Widerstandsnest Braunau had been established.
On 16 November 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision informed its units that the Alaramstufe I (called from the onset of darkness till daybreak) would be replaced by Vorwarnung.
On 18 November 1942 the division added that, each day at 7.30am, the sector commanders were to decide whether or not the cancellation of Vorwarnung was to take place that day. Also on this day, the division issued a new version of the Alarmregelung with corrections.
On 19 November 1942 the units of the 65 Infanteriedivision were stationed as follows: The overview also contains changes until 7 May 1943:
On 20 November 1942 the corps commander visited the batallion of the Grenadierregiment 146 in the Antwerp area. From the report on this visit we can glean more information on the tactical disposition of this unit. Thus the batallion headquarters were located in a private house in Ekeren, with the officer quarters and mess in the immediate vicinity. The 1. Kompanie was billeted in a school in Oorderen (20 soldiers of this company were located at the Kruisschanslock, together with a platoon of the 4. Kompanie; 1 squad of the 1. Kompanie was also housed in a barracks somewhat away from the lock). The 3. Kompanie was located in the following positions: 1. Zug im Kanadablock, 2. Zug in der Merkantilwerft, 3. Zug in der Seefahrtschule. Finally, the 4. Kompanie (with 2 infantry and one mortar platoon) were billeted in the above-mentioned Kanadablock.
On 21 November 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued its weekly situation report. In the document it was reported that the I/GR146 had been transferred to Antwerp and that III/GR146 had taken over the former's duties on South-Beveland. One reinforced company was deployed in the sector between Stp Roon and Stp grosser Kürfürst. The strongpoints to the east of this sector were only guarded by patrols. Details were also given about bunker construction:
Further, strongpoints and resistance nests were being expanded. In addition to firing positions ammo bunkers were being improved or newly built. Finally, construction in the new Wn Fledermaus had started.
On 25 November 1942 the Divisionsbefehl for the deployment of the 65ID of 20 October 1942 was changed. The most important change was that III/GR146, less the units deployed in North-Beveland, was ordered to take over the sector from Stp Roon to Stp grosser Kurfürst; with one reinforced company. The strongpoints from the Wn Mackensen and further east were only to be secured by patrols. The remaining, non-deployed, parts of the batallion were to keep ready to reinforce strongpoints on South-Beveland and to counter an enemy landing on Walcheren.
On 28 November 1942 the corps commander visited the division and spoke with (in addition to the division commander Generalmahor Bömers): Oberstleutnant Schwarz (AR165) and Major Daleiden (Pionierbataillon 65). Also on this day, the division released a new weekly report covering the period 22-28/11. The following details for bunker construction were given:
It was further reported that the construction of the strongpoints was being carried on and that the Wn Kranz had been completed with the exception of one obstacle.Finally, the bunker construction in the new resistance nest Braunau had been started.
On 30 November 1942 the headquarters and the field units had the following officers:
On 1 December 1942 the division possessed the following divisional weapons (Divisionswaffen):
Further on this day the 65 Infanteriedivision possessed the following überplanmâssige und bodenständige Waffen:
Also on this day a new assesment of the division's capabilities was released. The document shows that the division now finally had its full number of officers; only 290 NCOs were still missing, while there was a surplus op 23 other ranks. The division was still short of vehicles. The division was now almosy fully equipped with winter clothing, but most other winter equipemt was still missing. While having full defensive capabilities the division was still assessed as being capable of attack in a limited way.
On 2 December 1942 the LXXXIX Armeekorps informed the 65 Infanteriedivision that the I/GR 146 was to return from Antwerp to its parent unit between 10 and 12 December. Only the 2. Kompanie was to stary in Antwerp as Wachkompanie for the corps headquarters. After the return of the unit, the Grenadierregiment 146 would be deployed as follows:
On 5 December 1942 the division released a new weekly report covering the period 29/11-5/12. The following details for bunker construction were given:
It was further reported that the construction of the strongpoints was being carried on and that the missing wire obstacle in the Wn Kranz was under construction. Construction was also continuing in Wn Braunau. As far as the defensive organisation was concerned it was reported that the Stp Scharnhorst had been taken over by 7/GR146 (from 5/146), that the weapons platoon of the 5/MAA202 in Stp Emmerich had been pulled out, and that 3x 75mm canons had been taken over by the III/GR145.
On 12 December 1942 the division released a new weekly report covering the period 6-12/12. The following details for bunker construction were given:
The first item above shows a clear intensification of bunker construction, compared to the previous periods. The report further states that in addition to the construction of permanent bunkers by the OT, the troops continued establishing field defences, with an emphasis on wire obstacles. It was also reported that the emplacements and ammunition bunkers of the divisional artillery had all been completed. Finally; there had been a few changes in the defensive organization. Thus, the I/GR146 (- 2. Kompanie) had been transported to the division and stationed as follows: Stab und 3. Kompanie in Nieuwland, 1. Kompanie in Middelburg and the 4. Kompanie in Oost-Souburg.
On 19 December 1942 the division released a new weekly report covering the period 13-19/12. The following details for bunker construction were given:
It was also reported that field fortification was continuing and that all-around obstacles for Wn Carmen and the nearby pumping station had been completed, and likewise for wire defences around Stp Johannistal, Stp Wien, Wn Fujiyama. Also on this day, small changes were reported to the composition of the Alarmeinheiten.
On 26 December 1942 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued an order on the deployment of the verst I/GR146. This batallion (without the 2. Kompanie) was to act as Divisionsreserve. The Begleitbatterie was the 4/AR165.
Also on this day the division released a new weekly report covering the period 13-19/12. The following details for bunker construction were given:
It was further reported that construction work (both permanent and fiel-like) was continuing. At the Stp Hohenstaufen 50 civilian labourers had helped to clear the beach of bath houses, cabins and stairs giving acces to the beach. Finally, in several strongpoints grass mats had been laid for camouflage, but also to prevent shifting sands.
On 1 January 1943 Generalleutnant Wilhem Rupprecht assumed command of the divisiion. At this time the Chef was Oberstleutnant Ruhland and the Artilleriekommandeur Oberstleutnant Schwartz. On this day we also find a situation report on the division. The division was reported to be short of 32 officers, 128 NCOs and 318 other ranks. In terms of equipment onlt 75% of the motorcycles and 77% of heavy AT-guns were operational.
On 2 January 1943 the division released a new weekly report covering the period 27/12-2/1. The following details for bunker construction were given:
The further fortification of strongpoints and resistance nests was said to be ongoing, with emphasis on mining and barded wire.
On 4 January 1943 the division's IIa issued its activity report for the month of December. Most of the information in the report does not concern us here, but the report does contain Anlagen showing a Stellenbesetzung on 31 December for both the headquarters and the units. This information can be found processed below:
Also on 4 January the Ic Abwehroffizier released his activity report for the month of December 1942.
On 5 January 1943 the Ic of the division Hauptmann Erasmus, was relieved in this function by Hauptmann Bertenrath.
On 9 January 1943 the division released its Wochenmeldung for the period 3-9 January. With respect to the force organization it was noted that the Armeeübungsverband Vlissingen had already partially been transferred, with the remainder leaving Vlissingen on 10 January. Full information was again given on the fortification work:
The further fortification of strongpoints and resistance nests was said to be ongoing. The damage done to barbed wire defences by the storm of 29/12 had been restored. Also cleaning activities in minefields and fencing of minefields had been carried out. The demolishing of bath houses, cabins and stairs on the beach at the Stp Hohenstaufen was in progress, using civilian labour.
Finally on this day, the divisional commander Generalmajor Bömers was replaced by Generalleutnant Rupprecht.
On 16 January 1943 the division released its Wochenmeldung for the period 10-16 January. With respect to the force organization it was noted that the Armeeübungsverband Vlissingen had completely left Vlissingen on 10 January. Full information was again given on the fortification work:
The further fortification of strongpoints and resistance nests was said to be ongoing, with emphasis on barded wire.and trenches. The demolishing of bath houses, cabins and stairs on the beach at the Stp Hohenstaufen had been completed.
On 19 January 1943 the 65 Infanteriedivision released a document concerning the organisation of the units of the Reichsarbeitsdienst in the sector of the division. In the sector of the division 3 batallions as well an Erkundungsstab in Middelburg had already arrived: RAD Abteilung 6/273 in Vlissingen, 2/370 in Oostkapelle and 1/342 in Ovezande. These units were in the process of building the barracks camps for the coming deployment of 12 batallions. At the beginning of March 10 batallions were planned to arrive in the sector, one each in Oost-Souburg, Koudekerke, Westkapelle, Domburg, Oostkapelle, Overduin (all in the sector of the GR 145), Arnemuiden and Kamperland, (GR 146), Biggekerke (AR 165) and Grijpskerke (Pionierbataillon 165). The RAD-units would not be buiilding permanent bunkers, but rather field constructions, quarters bunkers and obsctacles, as well as being used in rail and road construction.
On 20 January 1943 the division added its comments to an order of the corps of 14 January that the RAD-units, in the event of an enemy attack, were to take full part in defensive operations. Tactically, the three batallions already present in the sector would be subordinated to the VB Vlissingen for the Vlissingen unit, the Unterabschnitt Nord (III/GR 145) for the Oostkapelle and the GR 146 for the Ovezande unit.
Also on this day the division added its comments to a corps order of 15 January on the strengthening of defensive capabilities and the use of Alarmeinheiten. After emphasizing that each and every man was to be used for defending against an enemy attack an encouraging private initiatives to increase manpower, the corps had also ordered the setting-up of Alarmeinheiten with able-bodied soldiers from rear units and headquarters units. A disnctiction was also made between the Alarmeinheiten A, B, C and the Truppenalarmeinheiten.
On 23 January 1943 the division released its Wochenmeldung for the period 17-23 January. Full information was again given on the fortification work:
Bunker construction was said to be ongoing in all strongpoints. Where necessary, splittersichere storage bunkers for supplies were constructed. The AT-wall at the Stp Hohenstaufen was completed.
On 31 January 1943 the division released its Wochenmeldung for the period 25-30 January. It was first reported that the new Sicherungskompanie for the corps headquarters in Antwerp was the 6/GR 146. The relieved 2/GR 146 was transferred to Oost-Souburg as reserve for the VB Vlissingen.
Full information was again given on the fortification work:
Work was especially carried out on improving fields of fire, improving and adding barbed wire obstacles, Splittergräben, Kampfstände and especially ammunition and supply bunkers for the increased supplies. Where necesary bunkers were constructed to replace barracks.
Further on this day the 65 Infanteriedivision released an order on coastal and land target combat (Küstenziel- und Landzielbekämpfung). The document stated that in order to combat landing craft approaching the coast as well as a landed enemy all the batteries of the army, navy, and air force within the KVA would be subordinated to the Artillerieführer of the division. Only when naval batteries are firing on sea targets, would thet not be requested to fire on land targets. It was also seen to be important that all batteries could give off flanking fire for both naval and land targets. The following Landzielartilleriegruppen were distinguished.
Also discussed was prepared defensive fire. Here it was stated that the start of the defensive fire on coastal target points (Küstenzielpunkte) was to happen faster. A delay of 6-15 minutes until the first shot was seen as tactically unacceptable. In addition to this defensive fire, preparations were also to be made to make it possible to call on fire support (using a codeword) to come on down on locations with the regimental sectors deemed to be especially vulnerable to enemy landings.
On 1 February 1943 the division had the following surplus (überplanmässig) and static (bodenständig) weapons:
Also on 1 February, the division released a status report. In terms of personnel, it was only short of NCOs, 89 to be precise. In contrast, it had a surplus of 189 other ranks. In terms of vehicles and equipment, it was short of motorcycles and cars, and particularly of Zugkraftwagen. Further, it onlu had 88 and 87% of the required heavy Pak and artillery, respectively.
On 3 February 1943 the division issued an order elaborating on the issue of Alarmeinheiten as touched upon in the Grundlegende Bemerkungen OBWest Nr 19. In order to increase combat strengths, men would be drawn from:
The deadline for reporting the Alarmeinheiten of the field army was 8 February, while for the Kampflistenkräfte it was 6 February.
On 6 February 1943 the division released its Wochenmeldung for the period 31 January to 6 February. It was first reported that the 4/AR165 had occupied new firing positions 1,5km east of Koudekerke. The unit was also mobile by the use of trucks. Further, Gerätebatterie Bömers (4x 7,5cm FK 236 (b)) had occupied a temporary field position as Hafenschutzbatterie at the northern end of the outer Vlissingen harbour (Panzerstützpunkt Nettelbeck) and had been included in the defensive artillery organistion of the KVA. Full information was again given on the fortification work:
The construction of firing positions, obstacles, ammunition, supply and personnel bunkers was being continued.
On 13 February 1943 the division released its Wochenmeldung for the period 7-13 February. Full information was again given on the fortification work:
The construction of firing positions, obstacles, ammunition, supply and personnel bunkers was being continued.
On 15 February 1943 the Panzerjäger- und Aufklärungsabteiling of the division was renamed Schnelle Abteilung 165.
On 19 February 1943 the division ordered the shedding of units of the division for the creation of the 44 Infanteriedivision. The units involved were the 2/145, 1/146, 4/AR165, 3 heavy MG-platoons, 1 Infanteriegeschütz platoon and 1 AT platoon from the 2/Schnelle Abteilung 165.
On 20 February 1943 the division released its Wochenmeldung for the period 14-20 February. Full information was again given on the fortification work:
Fortification work was being continued. The stormy weather also caused many constructions to be repaired and constructions and trenches to be cleared of sand. Finally, it was reported that the conversion of Prähme for the 24t Fähre (Groot-Abeele) required the use of specialised soldiers of the engineer batallion in the dry dock at Vlissingen, since labour from the shipyard itself would only be available from July.
On 21 February 1943 the division ordered the reconstruction of the units of the division given off to create the 44 Infanteriedivision.
On 23 February 1943 the division issued an order for the new organisation of the Alarmeinheiten from the divisional headquarters and the Versorgungstruppen.
On 25 February 1943 the 65 Infanterieidvision released an order for the Sperrfeuerregelung. A difference was made between Sperrfeur See, to be requested by the Seekommandant with the Artillerieführer of the division, and Sperrfeuer Küste, to be called by the divisional units.
On 27 February 1943 the division released its Wochenmeldung for the period 21-27 February. Full information was again given on the fortification work:
In addition to ongoing fortification work, special attention was given to the construction of personnel, ammunition and supply bunkers for the infantry and artillery (also through construction of tunnels). Camouflage was checked and improved. The Infanteriepionierzug of the Grenadierregiment 146 was engaged to help build obstacles for the defence of the locks at Hansweert.
On 1 March 1943 the division issued an order for the extraction of units for other uses (in case of an enemy attack). The documents starts out by saying that the combat situation require an extraction of units from non-attacked sectors to reinforce sectors under attack and a replacing of these units by improvised units (Bautruppen, RAD, units of other Wehrmacht services). The unit earmarked for this was the Grenadierregiment 146, reinforced by the 4/AR165. In this case the following relief operation would take place:
In terms of command, the Kommandeur Divisionsnachschubtruppen 165 would move to the HQ of the GR146 in Goes and take over command of the above units.
On 4 March 1943 a document mentions the most important officers of the division: Generalleutnant Rupprecht, Oberstleutnant Ruland (Ia), Hauptmann Hetzler (IIa), Oberst Lange (GR145), Oberstleutnant Reitzenstein (GR146) and Oberstleutnant Schwartz (AR165).
On 6 March 1943 the division released its Wochenmeldung for the period 28 February until 6 March. Full information was again given on the fortification work:
Further construction work was carried out. The construction was started for the Bettungen of the Gerätebatterien B65 und C65. Also, the construction of obstacles at the Hansweert locks had been completed.
Also on this day, the division issued an order for the creation of reserves and their mobility. The document started out by stating that successfully combatting a landed enemy was possible only through the timely deployment of sufficient reserves. The Alarmeinheiten were to make regular units free for combat, more specifically:
With the GR145 in the VB Vlissingen the Alarmeinheiten would be deployed as planned. However, the pulling-out of companies was to be prepared for here as well. In a change to an earlier order (1 March) an entire artillery batallion (II/AR165) was to be made mobile to be deployed with the GR146. It had also been planned by the corps that, when the 712 Infanteriedivision was pulled out, the Dutch part of the KVA A2 was to be defended by I/GR146 and 4/AR165.
On 7 March 1943 the division issued an order concerning the Kraftfahrkompanie 165. It was ordered that 3 platoons of this company were to be concentrated near Kapelle, with the III. Zug remaining in Rilland for the time being (Wn Leonidas).
On 9 March 1943 the division issued an order concerning the state of alert of Vorwarnung. Indeed, since November 1942 Vorwarnung had been ordered from darkness instead of Alarmstufe I. The order stated that, in case of Vorwarnung, the same measures were to be take as for drohende Gefahr or Alarmstufe I but without the moving of troops, the distrubuting of ammunition and the sending out of liaison officers.
On 13 March 1943 the division released its Wochenmeldung for the period 7-13 March. Full information was again given on the fortification work:
Fortification work was said to make good advances despite the shortage of wood. Work was also continuing on the Bettungen with the batteries B65 and C65. Pioneers were also continuing their work on the Schiffsbrücken- une Fährengerät on the Vlissingen shipyard. The 12 RAD-Abteilungen were being used for field fortification work, unhindered by a shortage in supplies.
On 20 March 1943 the division released its Wochenmeldung for the period 14-20 March. Full information was again given on the fortification work:
Field fortification work was said to be progressing well, especially supply bunkers. Redundant field constructions, replaced by permanent bunkers, were removed. The work of the pioneers on the Vlissingen shipyard was also continuing.
On 27 March 1943 the division produced its Wochenmeldung for the period 21-27 March:
Also 531m of new AT-ditch was dug and 95m Panzersperren installed (80m in the old port of Vlissingen and 15m along the Vlissingen-Middelburg road). As far as field constructions were concerned, 2 personnel, 9 ammunition and 4 supply bunkers were completed. It was also reported that the construction of supply bunkers was also completed. The construction of Feuerstellungen for the artillery was progressing thanks to the deployment of RAD-Abteilungen. For the battery C65 the first Gesschützbettung was almost finished, while the earth worls for the second emplacment had also been completed. For the construction of the Geschützstände substantial amounts of materials were required.
On 1 April 1943 we find an overview of the divisional weapons (Divisionswaffen) of the division:
Also on the same day the division had the following surplus (überplanmässig) and static (bodenständig) weapons:
On 2 April 1943 a status report of the 65 Infanteriedivision was released. From it we learn that the division was short of 18 officers, 165 NCOs and 713 other ranks. 80% of the Panzerfahrzeuge (in this case pak Sfl) were operational. For Kraftfahzeuge, Kräder (77% operational) and PKW (76% operational) were in short supply, as were Zugkraftwagen with only 47% operational. For Waffen things looked better with the lowest score for the artillery (82% operational). In his assessment the commander complained that mobility was made difficult by the bad condition of the static bicycles. Training also suffered as a result of construction activities. In all, however, the division was capable of performing coastal defence duties.
On 3 April 1943 the division produced its Wochenmeldung for the period 28 March - 3 April:
Also 286m of new AT-ditch was dug and 107m Panzersperren installed (35m in the old port of Vlissingen, 30m along the promenade and 42m in Souburg). As far as field constructions were concerned, 2 personnel, 22 ammunition and 6 supply bunkers were completed. It was also reported that, in general, was making good progress. In the northern, sector, however, there was the particular difficulty that building materials had to be transported over 500 through the dunes to reach the construction sites. In the strongpoints where external water was present (fremdwasserversorgt) additional water taks were being constructed.
Also released on this day the was Ic activity report for the month of March.
On 4 April 1942 the IIa issued his activity report for the month of March. In it we learn that the O1, Oberleutnant Greeven was promoted to Hauptmann. Also new unit commanders were appointed: Major Herbst for the I/GR146, Major Krause for the III/AR165.
On 10 April 1943 the division produced its Wochenmeldung for the period 4-10 April:
Also 365m of new AT-ditch was dug and 105m Panzersperren installed. As far as field constructions were concerned, 2 personnel and 14 ammunition bunkers were completed. Many constructions were improved and strengthened and splittersicher Wasserbehälter were further built in. In addition, many constructions and obstacles had to be freed of sand and/or repaired following a storm flood. Some dykes had also given way, leading to some inundations.
On 16 April 1943 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued an order concerning the Alarmregelung in the KVA A1. It applied not only to the division, but also to all other German forces and units present in the sector. The alert phasesz described in detail were dauernde Abwehrbereitschaft, Vorwarnung, drohende Gefahr, Alarmstufe I, Alarmstufe II and Gefechtsbereitschaft. An Anlage to the ordeer first pointed out that the best reporting network woulb be useless if observations were not reported in the right way. Also, in case the reporting network malfunctioned, messengers were to be used. Finally, the Anlage stated that, in the eventof combat action, the following would become tactically subordinated to the division: Unterabschnitt Nordwalcheren (III/GR 145), Unterabschnitt OstWalcheren (II/GR 146), and the verst. Divisionsreserve (I/GR 146 mit Begleitbatterie 1/AR 165).
A document of 8 May 1943 mentions a Munitionsausgabestelle Middelburg.
On 17 April 1943 the division produced its Wochenmeldung for the period 10-17 April:
Also 565m of new AT-ditch was dug and 70m Panzersperren installed. As far as field constructions were concerned, 5 Verpflegungsunterstände, 1 personnel , 3 gun bunkers and 1 telephone bunker were completed, as well as 23 Betonkästen für Munition. Work on repairing/renewing the storm-damaged obstacles and positions was still ongoing. In some places up to 8m of the dunes had disappeared, causing many positions to be rebuilt. The engineer batallion carried out these works. Also, construction work on the Werft Vlissingen and the Brückenstelle Main north of Middelburg were continued. Since 12 April the ferry crossing site (Fährstelle) at Groot Abeele had been operational. The dike breach northeast of Wilhelminadorp was still seen as a major danger until dikes further inland had been reinforced. For this purpose a Bagger of the OT was allocated. The dredging activities at the western end of the AT-ditch (WN Fledermaus), the final 40m, had to be temporarily halted in order to determine whether the construction of the ditch would endanger the water provision of the Wasserwerk Vlissingen.
On 24 April 1943 the division produced its Wochenmeldung for the period 18-24 April. The 3/AR165 occupied a new position near Westhoek, while the V/2/847 (previously located in the Stp Hamster) was withdrawn from the KVA. In terms of bunker construction, the following was reported:
Also 310m of new AT-ditch was dug and 45m Panzersperren installed. As far as field constructions were concerned, 6 personnel, 2 ammunition bunkers and 1 supply bunker were completed, while 27 concrete Munitionskästen were built in. Work on repairing/renewing the storm-damaged obstacles and positions was still ongoing. In the Feuerstellungen of the infantry and artillery Zementkästen were built in as Munitions behälter. The engineer batallion check the flamethrowers and exchanged non-operational ones for new ones. The repairing of minefields had not yet been concluded. Work at the Werft Vlissingen (Vlissingen shipyard) had progressed to such an extent that in coming weeks the ferries could be brought to the Brückenstelle Main. In the Unterabschnitt Nord a further 2 RAD-Abteilungen had started work on cable ditches. In coming weeks these units would me made to work on field fortifications. One of the units was mentioned as the RAD Abteilung 12/11.
On 1 May 1943 the division produced its Wochenmeldung for the period 25 April - 1 May 1943. In terms of bunker construction, the following was reported:
Also 575m of new AT-ditch was dug and 10m Panzersperren installed. Also 26 flamethrowers were built in. As far as field constructions were concerned, 2 personnel, 5 ammunition bunkers and 1 MG-Schartenstand were completed, while 41 concrete Munitionskästen were built in. With the battery C65 the 4 canons had been positioned on Drehbettungen. Since 1 May the Ausweichbrücke Main, northeast of Middelburg, had been operational.
Also on this day, the division commander issued an assessment report on the state of the division. The division was said to be short of 15 officers, 58 NCOs and 150 other ranks. 90% of the Pak Sfl were operational. Also operational numbers for motorized vehicles were more or less ok, as were the weapons. Consequently, the division was deemed fully operational for coastal defence purposes.
Further on this day the Ic issued his activity report for the month of April.
On 4 May 1943 the IIb issued his activity report for the month of April.
On 8 May 1943 the division produced its Wochenmeldung for the period 2-8 May. In terms of bunker construction, the following was reported:
Also 204m of new AT-ditch was dug. Also 34 flamethrowers were built in. As far as field constructions were concerned, 4 personnel, 2 ammunition bunkers, 1 supply and 5 gun bunkerswere completed, while 35 concrete Munitionskästen were built in. For a total of 10 LAG Vf-Schartenstände were planned. In the reporting period there were also problems with camouflage material supply.
On 15 May 1944 the division produced its Wochenmeldung for the period 9-15 May. In terms of bunker construction, the following was reported:
Also 343m of new AT-ditch was dug. Also 30 flamethrowers were built in. As far as field constructions were concerned, 9 Geschützbettungen and 1 Kraftstoffbunker were completed, while 4 concrete Munitionskästen and 7 Wasserbehälter were built in. In the reporting period the main focus was on camouflaging activities, especially in the Artilleriefeuerstellungen. Scheinstellungen were either newly constructed or improved. Also, barbed wiring of the canal side of the PzStp Nettelbeck was started.
On 22 May 1943 the division produced its Wochenmeldung for the period 16-22 May. On 18 May 1 Zug of the 2/leichte Reserveflakabteilung 847 with 3x 2cm Flak was withdrawn from the Stp Wien and transferred to Terneuzen. In terms of bunker construction, the following was reported:
Also 400m of new AT-ditch was dug. Also 28 flamethrowers were built in. As far as field constructions were concerned, 2 personnel, 6 ammunition bunkers, 1 supply, 1 communications and 1 LS-bunker were completed, while 10 concrete Munitionskästen were built in.On 25 May 1943 Oberst Gustav Heistermann von Ziehlberg became the new divisional commander.
On 29 May 1943 the division produced its Wochenmeldung for the period 23-29 May. In terms of bunker construction, the following was reported:
Also 145m of new AT-ditch was dug. 34,5m of Panzerstrassensperren were completed As far as field constructions were concerned, 3 personnel, 14 ammunition bunkers were completed, while 7 Wasserbehälter were built in. Special emphasis was paid to barbed wire, and 2800m were newly laid. At the location of the two-rowed Scheinensperre in Westkapelle the construction of a row of pyrramidenförmiger Igel was started.
At the end of May 1943 the Ic produced his activity report for the month of May. This document refers to a Gefangenensammelsstelle in Arnemuiden.
On 1 June 1943 the division commander issued an assessment report on the state of the division. The division was said to be short of 6 officers, 26 NCOs and 59 other ranks. 90% of the Pak Sfl were operational. Also operational numbers for motorized vehicles were more or less ok (with the exception of Zugkraftwagen, of which only 55% were operational), as were the weapons. Consequently, the division was deemed fully operational for coastal defence purposes. However, readiness for mobile warfare would requuire another 4 weeks of intensive training.
On 4 June 1943 the IIa of the division produced his activity report for the month of May. During the reporting period the division was commanded by Generalleutnant Rupprecht, with Oberstleutnent Ruland as Ia, Hauptmann Hetzler as IIa, Oberst Rupprecht as Kdr GR145, Oberst Strahammer as Kdr GR146 and Oberstleutnant Schwartz as Kdr AR165.
On 6 June 1943 the LXXXIX Armeekorps reported that, in a change to previous orders, the 65 Infanteriedivision (in the process of being replaced by the 19 Luftwaffenfelddivision) was to be transported by train to the LXXXII Armeekorps, and more specifically to the area Bailleul-Wormhout-Watten-Lillers with headquarters in Blendecques. Here, the division would be Armeereserve and re-equip by 20 July for transfer to the Russain front.Also on this day the division produced its Wochenmeldung for the period 30 May - 6 June. On 3 June, the Festungsstammtruppen of the 65 Infanteriedivision consisted of 62 NCOs and 870 other ranks. On 6 June the 7/GR146 was located in Arnemuiden. On the same day 450 men of the Vorkommmando Luftwaffenfelddivision had arrived. In terms of bunker construction, the following was reported:
As far as field constructions were concerned, 9 bunkers bunkers were completed, while 25 Munitionskästen were built in.
On 8 June 1943 the Generalkommando LXXXIX ordered the relieving of the 65 Infanteriedivision by the 19. Luftwaffenfelddivision.
On 9 June 1943 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued an order concerned personnel of the division seant ahead to the new area of operations with the LXXXII Armeekorps.
On 10 June 1943 the OKH ordered the organisation of the division for use on the Russian front, to be complted by 20 July. Various units were to be newly-established, extended or reorganized.
On 12 June 1943 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued its own order for the relieving of the division. It was planned that the following units would arrive in the course of 16 June: Stab und 4/JR38 in Vlissingen, 11 und 12/AR19 in Goes, 5-7/JR38 in Vlissingen, 1-3/JR37 in Goes, 1-3/JR38 in Middelburg, Stab I und 4/JR37 in Vlissingen, and so on. Already on 15 June, the following unts of the 65 ID were to be loaded: schenlle Abteilung in Vlissingen and Goes, Kraftfahrkompanie, DVA, Bäckereikompanie und Schlächteroekompanie in Bergen-op-Zoom and Goes, III/GR146 in Goes, Teile II/GR146 in Goes and so on.
On 13 June 1943 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued a new Wochenmeldung. In terms of Festungsstammmanschaften 23 NCOs and 6 other ranks arrived on 8 June and 11 June, respectively. 11 permanent bunkers had been complted; 3 started and 6 allocated. 5 field bunkers were completed for personnel; 3 for ammunition and 1 for supplies.
On 14 June 1943 the division issued another order for its relief.
On 15 June 1943 the 65ID issued an order for the transfer of the division. The new Unterbringungsraum for the division was the area Bailleul-Wormhoudt-Watten-Lumbres-Lillers, with the Divisionsstabsquartier in Blendecques. In the new area the division would be tactically subordinated to the AOK15 as Armeereserve, for training purposes to the General zbV beim AOK15 and to the LXXXII AK in all other respects. The division was to be ready for operations at the Russian front on 20 July. In the new area, the 65ID was to relieve the 384 ID.
Also on this day the OBWest added his additions to the OKH order of 10 June.
On 17 June 1943 the first units of the 19 Luftwaffenfelddivision started to relieve the 65 Infanteriedivision on Walcheren, the former unit taking full control of KVA A1 on 19 June 1943. Being a Luftwaffe unit, the division was only under tactical control of the LXXXIX Armeekorps
On 19 June 1943 the 19 Luftwaffenfelddivision officially assumed command of KVA A1.
On 21 June 1943 the 65 Infanteriedivision had completely left the area of the LXXXIX Armeekorps. It had moved to northern France with headquarters in Blendecques, where it was at the disposal of the AOK15.
On 23 June 1943 the 65ID issued its order for the use of the division as Armeereserve. In the new area the division would be tactically subordinated to the AOK15 as Armeereserve, for training purposes to the General zbV beim AOK15 and to the LXXXII AK in all other respects. From the troops of the divisiona strong and mobile Kampfgruppe was to be built. This unit was to be commanded by the Kommandeur Grenadierregiment 146. The main units were to be provided by the III/GR146 (to be made mobile by the Kolonne Kuckuck) and the I/GR146 (to be made mobile with bicycles). Each unit of the division was also to establish a Jagdkommando, to deal with air threats.
On the same day, the division issued an order for the reorganization of the division for use at the Russian front.
Finally on this day we find an accomodation overview (Unterkunftsübersicht) for the division. It has been processed below:
On 27 June 1943 the Ic of the division produced his activity report for the month of June.
On 29 June 1943 the division issued a large document with guidelines for combat and training of a division in the East. Further on this day, another document was produced by the division containing experiences of a division in reorganizing for the Russian front.
On 1 July 1943 the division commander issued an assessment report on the state of the division. The division was said to be short of 29 officers and 151 other ranks. 90% of the Pak Sfl were operational. Also operational numbers for motorized vehicles were more or less ok (with the exception of Zugkraftwagen, of which only 55% were operational and motorcycles (78%)), as were the weapons. Consequently, the division was deemed fully operational for coastal defence purposes and limited attack missions.
On 3 July 1943 the division issued an order for the defence in the divisional area. Since units of the division in the rear could be surprised by air landings, they need to prepare their defences for this. Of importance were all-round defences, combat bunkers and Panzerdeckungslöchern. For the construction of these the civilian population could be commandeered; Supplies of construction materials were not to be expected in the short term.
On 4 July 1943 the IIa produced his activity report for the month of June.
On 14 July 1943 the division issued an order on the creation of Alarmeinheiten. The document ordered the calendrical preparation of Alarmkompanien from Trossen, headquarters and supply troops. The 3 grenadier regiments and the artillery regiment were each to set up an Alarmkompanie. The Kommandeur der Divisionsnachschubtruppen was even to set up one complete batallion.
On 17 July 1943 the division reported on its reorganisation into an eastern front division. It reported that the reorganisation had not yet been concluded.
On 24 July 1943 the LXXXII Armeekorps informed the division that the 305 Infanteriedivision was to be withdrawn from the corps area; Consequently, the 65 Infanteriedivision was ordered to reposition some of its units into the sector of the 191RD. More specifically, the Regimentstab (Montreuil) and the II-III/AR305 (Quend and St-Josse, respectively) were to be relieved immediately by the Regimentsstab, Stabsbatterie and the I-II/AR165.
On 25 July 1943 the 65 Infanteriedivision issued an order for the deployment of the AR165 in the coastal defence.
On 26 July 1943 the LXXXII AK ordered that the Wachbataillon at the AOK15 headquarters (provided by the departing 305ID) was to be relieved immediately by a batallion of the 65ID. On the same day, the division issued its own order for this relief, with the II/GR146 being the relieving unit; It was to position one company in Roubaix and the remainder in Tourcoing.
On 31 July 1943 the division issued an order for the combat transport of the division
On 1 August 1943 the 65 Infanteriedivision started being transferred to Italy