ständige regelbauten im bereich AOK15

 

1 Introduction

 

Each of the three army components developed its own system of Regelbauten. This was partly due to the fact that the bunkers performed different function, but also partly due to the fact that each army component simply wanted to have its own system. This resulted in the following prefixes being used:

 

Regelbauten prefixes
R Heer
M Kriegsmarine medium (mittlere) bunkers
S Kriegsmarine heavy (schwere) bunkers
Fl Kriegsmarine Flak bunkers
L Luftwaffe (Flak) bunkers
V Bunkers with a supporting function (e.g. radar, machine bunker)

 

2. Ständige bunkers of the Heer

 

With the introduction of the R100 series in 1939 the Westwall received its first 'adult' series of bunkers: well-balanced in terms design, composition, construction and equipment. Some of these 100 series types were so successful that there was no replacement and they continued being built. Others were felt to ben using too many materials and were replaced by new and smaller bunkers of the later 600 series. After the introduction of the latter, it was forbidden to use the older bunkers.

The 100 series was succeeded by an R400 and an R500 series. The primary objective of the former was to incorporate the captured Czech fortress weapons , but this was never put into practice. The 500 series, frequently built into both the Westwall and the Atlantikwall was intended as an alternative to the 100 series and also as an extension of their function. The bunkers were equipped with less expensive armoured materials and conformed to the need apparently felt for covering mobile field gun sites. A new element in the 500 series was the possibility they provided for exchanging and combining elements of various types.

From 2 November 1942 onwards the R600 series was built. These new designs too the place of the outdated Westwall designs and furnished the army with designs for its new task: the installation and manning of coastal batteries. Besides this, the series offered designs for building in heavy fortress weapons within the system. One striking group of designs emerged in later contingents of the 600 series. It formed the so-called Kleinststände: small, simple constructions of concrete, 1.5 m thick. The presence of these light shelters reflected the scarcity of building materials.

 

A further distinction between the types of ständige Regelbauten concerned the thickness of the walls. Bunker types in Baustärke B had walls of 2 metres thick, while those built in Baustärke A were 3.5 metres thick. The latter types were built in exposed positions or in case they performed a very important function within the strongpoint.

 

Ständige bunkers were able to provide protection against direct hits of bombs of up to 250 pounds (compared to Vf constructions which could only take 50 pounds). For this reason, these bunkers were ideal for shelter in case of air attack. To clear inform soldiers that a bunker was safe from air attack, the letters St were painted at the entrance of the bunker.

 

The ständige 600 series bunker types for the Heer were not all released at the same time, but rather in no fewer than 8 times in so-called Ergänzungen. These additions reflected the scarcity of building materials, which worsened as the war progressed. The following stages can be distinguished:

 

Bestimmungen und Ergänzungen über Regelbauten des Heeres (600 series)
Bestimmungen über Regelbauten des Heeres ab Herbst 1942 (2 November 1942)
(
R600-611, 613-639). The R611 was not yet in its final version
Ergänzungen zu den Bestimmungen über Regelbauten ab Herbst 1942 (3 Februar 1943)
(R611 (final version), (R640-R653, R653B, R654-R656). The types R649/650/651/652 were not yet in their final forms.
2e Ergänzung zu den Bestimmungen über Regelbauten vom 30 März 1943
In this issue no new bunker types were released. Rather, the types R649/650/651/652 were redesigned into their final forms. The plans below show the final versions.
3e Ergänzung zu den Bestimmungen über Regelbauten vom 18 April 1943
(
R631b, R657-R662, R663a, R663b, R664-R673)
4e Ergänzung zu den Bestimmungen über Regelbauten vom 12 Juli 1943
(R674-R680, R612)
5e Ergänzung zu den Bestimmungen über Regelbauten vom 9 Oktober 1943
(R681-682)
6e Ergänzung zu den Bestimmungen über Regelbauten vom 30 Mai 1944
(R636a, R683-R686, R688-R692, R693a-b, R694, R697)
8e Ergänzung zu den Bestimmungen über Regelbauten vom November 1944
(R687, R700-R704)

 

By way of illustration we offer an example of the Typenheft of the 5e Ergänzung. The document is dated 22 November 1943 and can be found here.

Below we find a detailed overview of the form, function and dimensions of the 600 series:

FIRST SERIES: 2 November 1942

Regelbau 600

Regelbau 601 Regelbau 602 Regelbau 603 Regelbau 604 Regelbau 605

 Geschützstellung für 5-cm Kw.K.

Pakunterstellraum mit Deckenplatte

Unterstellraum für Kampfwagen

mit 1 Unterstellraum

Unterstellraum für Kampfwagen

mit 2 Unterstellräumen

Geschützunterstellraum I

Geschützunterstellraum II

2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

 750

Beton m³

555

Rundstahl to

28

Formstahl to

-

2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

 900

Beton m³

550

Rundstahl to

30

Formstahl to

6

2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

100

Beton m³

750

Rundstahl to

37.5

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

2850

Beton m³

1150

Rundstahl to

57.5

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1500

Beton m³

730

Rundstahl to

37

Formstahl to

8.5
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1600

Beton m³

900

Rundstahl to

45

Formstahl to

8.5

Regelbau 606

Regelbau 607 Regelbau 608 Regelbau 609 Regelbau 610 Regelbau 611

Unterstand mit Unterstellraum für

60-cm Scheinwerfer und Lichtmaschine

Munitionsunterstand II

Bataillons-, Abteilungs-. oder

Regimentsgefechtsstand eingeschossig

Bataillons-, Abteilungs-. oder

Regimentsgefechtsstand zweigeschossig

Gefechtsstand für eine verstärkte

Kompanie oder für Batterieoffizier

Geschützschartenstand für Feldgeschütze

2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

850

Beton m³

730

Rundstahl to

37

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1200

Beton m³

700

Rundstahl to

35

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1900

Beton m³

885

Rundstahl to

45

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

3800

Beton m³

1480

Rundstahl to

74

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1500

Beton m³

850

Rundstahl to

45

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1500

Beton m³

730

Rundstahl to

37

Formstahl to

8.5

Regelbau 613

Regelbau 614 Regelbau 615 Regelbau 616 Regelbau 617 Regelbau 618

Artillerie-Beobachtungsstand mit

Panzerturm (deckengleich) eingeschossig

Artillerie-Beobachtungsstand mit

Panzerturm (deckengleich) zweigeschossig

Artillerie-Beobachtungsstand

mit schräger Deckenplatte

Großschaltstelle

Nachrichtenstand für

Netzknotenpunkte

Nachrichtenstand

für höhere Stäbe

2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

2200

Beton m³

750

Rundstahl to

38

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

3800

Beton m³

950

Rundstahl to

47.5

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

900

Beton m³

600

Rundstahl to

30

Formstahl to

6
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1000

Beton m³

600

Rundstahl to

30

Formstahl to

6
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1100

Beton m³

815

Rundstahl to

41

Formstahl to

9
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1250

Beton m³

945

Rundstahl to

46

Formstahl to

10.5

Regelbau 619

Regelbau 620 Regelbau 621 (ex-501) Regelbau 622 (ex-502) Regelbau 623 Regelbau 624

Unterstand für Maschinensätze

M.G. - Schartenstand am Vorderhang

Gruppenunterstand

Doppelgruppenunterstand

M.G. - Schartenstand

mit Vorsatzplatte

M.G. - Schartenstand mit behelfsmäßigen Scharten + Deckenplatte

2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1500

Beton m³

900

Rundstahl to

45

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

400

Beton m³

590

Rundstahl to

29

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1000

Beton m³

410

Rundstahl to

20

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1300

Beton m³

650

Rundstahl to

30

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

500

Beton m³

520

Rundstahl to

25

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1000

Beton m³

530

Rundstahl to

25

Formstahl to

-

Regelbau 625

Regelbau 626 Regelbau 627 Regelbau 628 (ex-127) Regelbau 629 (ex-504) Regelbau 630

Schartenstand für 7,5-cm Pak

Schartenstand für 7,5-cm Pak

mit Deckenplatte

Artillerie-Beobachtungsstand

mit Deckenplatte und Mauerscharte

Gruppenunterstand am Vorderhang

Pakunterstellraum mit Betondecke

M.G. - Schartenstand mit Panzerplatte

2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

300

Beton m³

800

Rundstahl to

40

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1300

Beton m³

650

Rundstahl to

30

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

900

Beton m³

600

Rundstahl to

30

Formstahl to

6
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1200

Beton m³

490

Rundstahl to

23

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1500

Beton m³

610

Rundstahl to

30

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

500

Beton m³

510

Rundstahl to

25

Formstahl to

-

Regelbau 631 (ex-506)

Regelbau 632 (ex-110) Regelbau 633 (ex-135) Regelbau 634 (ex-112) Regelbau 635 (ex-128) Regelbau 636

Schartenstand für 4,7-cm Festungs-Pak ( t )

Stand mit 3-Schartenturm

Stand für M 19 in B

Stand mit 6-Schartenturm

Doppelgruppenunterstand

Befehlsstand (Leitstand) für Heeres - Küsten Batterie

2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

400

Beton m³

740

Rundstahl to

37

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1200

Beton m³

550

Rundstahl to

28

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1900

Beton m³

765

Rundstahl to

40

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1300

Beton m³

620

Rundstahl to

31

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

670

Rundstahl to

31

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

1600

Beton m³

900

Rundstahl to

48

Formstahl to

-

Regelbau 637

Regelbau 638 Regelbau 639      

Meßstelle für Heeres-Küsten-Batterie

Kleiner Sanitätsunterstand

Grosser Sanitätsunterstand

     
     
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

900

Beton m³

320

Rundstahl to

16

Formstahl to

-
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

900

Rundstahl to

45

Formstahl to

16
2. November 1942

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

1300

Rundstahl to

50

Formstahl to

21
     

SECOND SERIES: 3 February 1943 new!


Regelbau 640 Regelbau 641 Regelbau 642 Regelbau 643 Regelbau 644 Regelbau 645
Stand für 3.7cm oder 4.2cm Pak 41 mit Panzerplatte Munitionsunterstand III Schartenstand für 4.7cm Festungspak (t) und MG Stand mit 3-Schartenturm in A Stand mit 6-Schartenturm in A Stand für 1 Küche
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

800

Beton m³

680

Rundstahl to

34

Formstahl to

6.1
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

1600

Beton m³

940

Rundstahl to

43

Formstahl to

-
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

1020

Rundstahl to

46

Formstahl to

12
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

1460

Rundstahl to

68

Formstahl to

4.8
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

1730

Rundstahl to

82

Formstahl to

7
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

605

Rundstahl to

27

Formstahl to

4.8
Regelbau 646 Regelbau 647 Regelbau 648 Regelbau 649 Regelbau 650 Regelbau 651
Brunnenstand Stand mit 2 Einschartentürme Stand mit 1 Einschartenturm (t) Schartenstand für Geschütze
auf mittlere Sockellafette (90°)
Schartenstand für Geschütze
auf mittlere Sockellafette (120°)
Schartenstand für Geschütze
auf mittlere Sockellafette (90°) ohne Bereitschaftsraum
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

870

Beton m³

330

Rundstahl to

11

Formstahl to

1.5
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

905

Rundstahl to

43

Formstahl to

5.6
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

1400

Beton m³

605

Rundstahl to

27

Formstahl to

3-4
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

1090

Rundstahl to

52

Formstahl to

11.8
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

1090

Rundstahl to

52

Formstahl to

11.8
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

1090

Rundstahl to

52

Formstahl to

11.8
Regelbau 652 Regelbau 653 Regelbau 653B Regelbau 654 Regelbau 655 Regelbau 656
Schartenstand für Geschütze
auf mittlere Sockellafette (120°) ohne Bereitschaftsraum
Schartenstand für 5cm KwK Schartenstand für 5cm KwK (Eingang rückwärts) Schartenstand für 5cm KwK
(ohne Bereitschaftsraum)
Unterstand für 6 Mann mit Munitionsraum Unterstand für 15 Mann
 
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

880

Rundstahl to

39

Formstahl to

6.9
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

830

Rundstahl to

33

Formstahl to

3.6
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

 

Beton m³

 

Rundstahl to

 

Formstahl to

 
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

460

Rundstahl to

21

Formstahl to

5
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

500

Rundstahl to

23

Formstahl to

6
3. Februari 1943

Erdaushub m³

-

Beton m³

570

Rundstahl to

27.5

Formstahl to

4.3

3. Ständige bunkers of the Kriegsmarine

 

The construction of the naval designs differed from those of the army. The thickness of the concrete used varied from 1.20, 1.50, 1.70 to 2.20m for the heavier bunkers, measures which were applied next to each other, even within one construction. In accordance with army custom, the naval designs were given a prefix (see above). The numbering in this series of designs is less clear than that in the army series. The numbers run from 1 to 800 and there are clusters within the different series. The M range is set in a 100 and 200 series; the Fl range in a 200 and 300 series; while most S designs have been assigned a number between 400 and 500. Finally, the V range falls between 100 and 200, some of which were also used by the army and the air force. Strangely enough, some numbers are repeated from different ranges (like M151 and V151).

 

4. Ständige bunkers of the Luftwaffe

 

From 1940 the Luftwaffe developed its own characteristic designs. Notwithstanding the fact that the aim and function of the air force batteries and the naval air defences corresponded to each other, both their fire control posts and gun sites differed in design. While Kriegsmarine emplacements were round  or octagonal, often asymmetric and sited beside the bunkers concerned, Luftwaffe designs provided rectangular emplacements which were sited on top of the bunker. Luftwaffe designs were all preceded by the prefix L, followed by a number between 400 and 500.

 

5. Ständige bunkers of the Wehrmacht in Armeeoberkommando 15

 

The document which you will find below is fairly unique. Not only does it show all the ständige bunkers built in the area of the Armeeoberkommando 15, but it also details the strongpoints each bunker type was built in, again in the entire area of the Armeeoberkommando 15. This should help interested readers in finding specific types in specific strongpoints. The document also includes a series of water bunkers, especially designed by the AOK 15 and numbered R184-196.
All bunkers of the series 100, 200, 400, 500, 600 and 700 series have been included (the 3xx series is left out, since none of the bunkers were built within AOK15). Within these series bunkers of the Kriegsmarine and Luftwaffe have also been included. Corrections and/or additions are very welcome (see the home page for the e-mail address).

 

 

TO BE CONTINUED