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  Last modified: 29 sept 2008- Scroll for videoclips
Dancing Beyond Boundaries ?
Social dance & social realities

  As Argentine tango was originally an erotic dance that could only be danced in a bordello and only prostitutes were involved, the role of women in tango was spontaneously related to the brothel and a lower social class setting. For an acceptable woman, to dance tango was out of the question. Later, tango became related to a more esthetic social context and became a very much acceptable lifestyle. Tango's sensuality however, is still overshadowed by our contemporary ambiguity.

  In today's science of sexy reframing, things are looking sexier than ever. Dita Von Teese, perhaps the most famous burlesque dancer in the world, included garter belts, panties, and bras in her collection (with an unsurprising nod to retro fashions). The Wonderbra-star says of her saucy drop-dead sexy styles:

“Lingerie shouldn’t be something you just put on for your lover; you should do it for you…It’s not about seducing men, it’s about embracing womanhood.”

More Tango Reflections, video illustrated:
Dance interpretations on Gallo Ciego
Walking the tango rhythm
Walking Seduction
Dance is a physical need
Tangowals vals Milena Plebs Ezequiel Farfaro clips
Online Tangolessen videoclips videolessen updated
Carlos Gavito and Maria Plazaola
Showclips Forever Tango - great milongueros

  There are two basic kinds of reframes: context reframing and content reframing. Content reframing is changing the meaning of a situation, or you can reframe the situation into another context...

Egypt

  Oriental Belly Dance - Although there is a big cultural difference between Buenos Aires and Cairo, Argentina and Egypt, similarities can be noticed in the public opinion and the authorities attitude towards a woman's dancing.

  In the beginning, the Oriental belly dance was a social dance inside the closed house between women, at family festivals like weddings, thus not intented as a seduction dance, perhaps fulfilling a ritual or spiritual function, an act of happiness. Dance was just something people spontaneously did.

Yet, the perception of the act of dancing changes when the situation gets mixed with the opposite sex. In that context it's a tool for seduction, a titillating performance for non-family men or an act of provocation when obvious foreigners are involved, human exposure as a type of paid entertainment in a public setting. The frame is changed.

  But the dancing is in this not the crucial thing, it is the attractive woman. If a man is performing the dance, it will not bewitch the audience so intense, there will be no general arousal of the public mind and the dancer will not get a bad reputation, he does not embodies the fantasies of society as it is. These fantasies are a source of income and create employment opportunities. It's a drive behind entertainment, enlarging the exotic appeal of the dance shows and making the spectacle more delirious.

  Les danseuses, qui rivalisent toutes de beauté et d’élégance, viennent des quatre coins du monde, et affichent,
malgré leur jeunesse,
une expérience et un professionnalisme de premier ordre. Elles portent des noms chantant et évocateurs, mais cet univers de mille et une nuits n’est pas de tout repos, un travail quotidien acharné génère un show bourré d’énergie, insufflant une électricité communicative à tous les spectateurs.


  More on Artistic Egyptian Classical Oriental Dance,
  Egypte Orientale, les danses du ventre:
  Shira Oryantal History Cultural Context Styles
  Samyra Cursussen buikdansen / Raks Sharki
  Aziza Sa'id's Middle Eastern BellyDance
  Aziza Quicktime movies Candelabra dance
  Histoire Very Old Bellydance videoclips
  Raks Sharki Sandra BellydanceClips Download
  Aida Cursussen buikdansen / Raks Sharki
  Bellydance Superstars and the Desert Roses
  Spectacles de danse Maghrebien

  Egyptians Oriental Dancer Shooq Bellydance Museum
  Canzone World Music Online CD DVD VIDEO
  Amulya Oriental Belly Dance Choreography VideoClips
  Rana Bellydance workout videos Demo Clips performances

Raja Amari's movie Satin Rouge touches in a subtle way the ambiguity of acting out reality in front of viewers. As the performing arts uses the artist's own body as a medium, the exhibit can also be called entertainment or a misconduct. Bodily postures express, reinforce and challenge inner attitudes and the audience features as a participant.

SATIN ROUGE - Raja Amari SatinRouge Movie Trailer Danseuse de Cabaret

México

  Danzón - Julia Solorzano (María Rojo) is a middle-aged single mother who works as a telephone receptionist. She shares supportive friendships with her female colleagues with whom she frequents dance halls. It is clear that dancing is the highlight of her life. She relishes the strict codes of conduct prescribed by the danzón (popular dance hall), and in particular the formal respect with which her regular dance partner Carmelo (Daniel Regis) treats her. Carmelo is fiftyish, always immaculately dressed in a chic white suit and hat. Oddly (or not so oddly if you think that the realistic "Danzon" has discreet elements of fantasy and symbolism), Julia knows next to nothing about Carmelo, whom she meets only at the dance hall. "He's married, all men are married" says a friend, but Julia discounts this. When invited to dance by a young man, she refuses him, commenting to her friend Silvia that a woman should never dance with a younger partner. When Carmelo doesn't appear for three consecutive dance meetings, Julia becomes worried and, suspecting he may have returned to Veracruz, his city of origin, travels there to find him.

Julia quickly befriends a transvestite Suzy (Tito Vasconcelos) and a group of prostitutes who help her in her quest to find Carmelo. Suzy encourages Julia to emphasize her femininity in her self-presentation, with a brighter wardrobe, jewelry and make up. Julia, donning high heels and red lipstick, is simultaneously more vulnerable to a threatening, unwelcome male gaze and a pleasant sexually charged male encounter. Dressed for the first time in her new attire, she is both harassed by intrusive workmen and approached by an attractive young man with whom she will have an enjoyable fling. She is now free to act outside the conventions prohibiting a woman from dancing with a younger man.

  Danzón (México, 1991) was directed by María Novaro (1951), Mexico's most important feminist moviemaker. The film deals with the attempts of a middle-class working woman and single mother to survive in Mexico City, which she does in large measure through her commitment to escaping into the world of ballroom dancing. In the mid '70s, María Novaro studied Sociology at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) during which time she participated in a feminist filmmaking collective as consultant on the production of various documentaries. Novaro's most valuable contribution is to have definitively rescued the protagonist Mexicana from earlier simplistic and stifling stereotyping such as suffering mothers and fallen 'malas mujeres' (bad women).
Novaro herself, whilst clarifying that she does not want to be associated with, nor limited by, any one ideological stance, has stated that she considers herself to be feminist in her personal life but not in her work. The high profile lead actress of Danzón, and subsequent Mexican congresswoman, María Rojo, does however consider herself, her work in Danzón and the film itself to be feminist.

more here

enter tangomovie_video_tangoclip_3MB

Argentina

  The story goes that tango started in the brothel, moved to Paris and then became an acceptable dance. Changed the social conduct codes or was tango redefined? Was it given a new, maybe ambivalent substance?

  They say that in the begining, tango was danced between men, in the corners of any red-light district of Buenos Aires, in the patios of the old conventillos or in the old slaughter houses (mataderos). At that time, the tango with women was only danced in the brothels or in the houses with "easy life" girls known as las casas de las chicas de vida ligera. Argentineans say that respectable women could not dance tango because it was a prohibited, it was a prostibularia dance, una danza prohibida. For them the tango did not exist. Since Argentine tango was originally an erotic dance that could only be danced in a bordello and only prostitutes were involved, the role of women in tango was spontaneously related to the brothel and a lower social class setting. For an acceptable woman, to dance tango was out of the question. Later, tango became related to a more esthetic social context and became acceptable. Tango's erotic origin however, is still a delicate matter, it is still characterized by a mixture of opposite feelings and attitudes.

  Especially in tangoshows, dance involves taking on a role, revealing a character and playing a play, like enacting the power of the prostitute metaphor which is in stark contrast to the ideal of marriage. The prostitute metaphor is first applied in the Hebrew Testament. The marriage and prostitute metaphors continue in the New Testament. The prostitute was seen as having magical powers. She seduced men and lured them with her wiles – through the clothing she wore, through her physical and social charms, and through her cosmetics and perfumes. The dance of sexual interplay between man and prostitute was also marked by tolerance of violence toward the prostitute. The sexuality of the prostitute embodies the evil nature of female sexuality, and a woman's potential to hold a disturbing power over a man in the sexual realm. The prostitute was viewed as a temptress, who lured men through their carnal desires. It seems that in it, some aggression is concealed. That image of tango very much alive on TV dance shows, and the number of reality dance competitions keeps increasing. These television images, show us tango as a sexy dance, but is tango sexy? Hot?

Tangoshow_Tanguera_story

  It is obvious that Argentine tango is a sensual dance, but what is sensual? Is it the same as sexy? Or sensitive?
   According to the dictionary, sensual is relating to or affecting any of the senses or a sense organ; sensory. Sensuous: highly appreciative of the pleasures of sensation. Sensual is all that reports to a sense, all and everyone existing in human life. Sensuality, also sensualness, means all that reports to any forms of sense one that can recognize, say, “sense” it.
    Sensualism relates to the search for beauty, amazing beauty, and the cruelty and pain that often accompanies that beauty. In tango, Borges refers to the beauty of the panther, the leopard or jaguar. Cruelty is a part of the beauty.
    Sensuality refers to subtle, interior sensations. Such as, a tattooer who falls in love with a girl after just seeing her foot, as in Junichiro Tanizaki’s story, "Shisei" (Sisei, Si-Sei, The Tattooer, Tattoo, Irezumi). Much "sensuality" can be found in Japanese literature: Yukio Mishima, Yasunari Kawabata, Baku Akae.
    Sexyness, sexiness, sex appeal or being sexy is about an exterior appearance. It can be related to self-perception, self-awareness, self consciousness, ego. A feeling of self-consciousness occurs when we realize that we are being watched or observed, the feeling that "everyone is looking" at us. When feeling self-conscious, one becomes aware of even the smallest of one's own actions, self-objectification. Much of human sexual attractiveness is governed by physical attractiveness which Ariadne von Schirach calls "Der Tanz um die Lust", wrapped up in desirability. Attractiveness involves the impact one's appearance has on the senses, especially in the beginning of a relationship: Visual perception (how the other looks). Audition (how the other's voice sounds). Olfaction (how the other smells, naturally or artificially; the wrong smell may be repulsive). Olfactory signals, or smell, can influence the perception of attractiveness. Physical attractiveness is the perception of the physical traits of an individual human person or a group, race, or type of people, as attractive or beautiful.
    Sensitivity, sensitiveness, sensible, sensibility: mental responsiveness and awareness, refined sensitivity to pleasurable or painful impressions. Sensibility seems to have a particular literary sense, in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. It refers to a cluster of attributes, amongst which you can include the display of "elegant and graceful" emotions and tastes, exhibiting a careful attention to detail, etiquette. Hard to please, demanding.

Selected YouTube TangoVideos:
1. TangoClass - instructional vídeos - TangoLessons
2. Milonga and Candombe dancing
3. Tangovals clips - Tango waltzing - Valse - Tangowals
4. Various Great Tangoclips Online fast internet access
5. Fast Links to Selected Tango Dance Vidio Updates
6. Musicality & Humor in Tangodance - videoclips

Contemporary Stories

Gay tango has changed the typical tango scenery. Since gay couples were granted marriage-like status, Buenos Aires has suddenly become the gay mecca of South America, rivalling Rio de Janeiro as the traditional destination for gay tourists from the United States and Europe. Neighbourhoods like fashionable Palermo and Recoleta, are known for being safe and accepting places for gays and lesbians. Gay men and women can dance without drawing uncomfortable stares.
more here

      symboliek_magie_paardansen_mystiek_samenspel_comparsa

  One can say that Gay tango has changed the typical macho image of tango. Yet, the image of the male dancer has always carried machismo stereotyping. And, in tango men often dance together. Men invented the tango dance technique, including the female part. In fact, a tanguero has to know the follower's movements from inside out to be capable to guide tanguera - o. A reference is Antonio Todaro. He had a special fondness for dancing as follower and as an innovator, he had fun expanding the follower's part. He is also famous for his skilled Tango Doble Frente / double front (tango al reves - inversed/reversed) in which the woman has her back to the man and the man embraces her around the waist, so both dancers face the front/public, it is a very historical style of tango invented by the popular milongueros of the 1940s. All steps that one dances in the regular, or "derecho" position, can be danced al reves. Men created ballet too, yet dancing is now seen as a female art in which masculine dancers assist the women. Men's contemporary role seems to be more directed into guiding the woman.

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  With these day's Tango Tourism, del mundillo tanguero is the main export for cultural consumption of Buenos Aires. Many foreigners visit the tango festivals, so getting a public of 170.000 people.

Click here for a trip to Buenos Aires

  Dance houses or milongas are very respectable, having strict rules called etiquette, ment to create an artificial mis-en-scene. Mise en scène means literally "putting into the scene" or "setting in scene." In the boliches de tango, single men are sitting on one side, single women on the other and couples in the back. You make eye contact with a partner and get up as the music starts. It is the beginning of a tanda, a set of 4 or 5 similar tangos, milongas or valses. During the first number, streams of people fill the dancefloor. Guiding means moving and keeping the woman at the outside of the dancefloor, to the tables, as near as possible to the sitting public. So she has some space to move and gets no feet kicks. An unaware dancer gets driven in the center, gets stuck. When the first number of the tanda stops, one is supposed to stand still and talk. Social dance is a danceform where sociability and socializing are the primary focuses of the dancing. On the dance floor, peculiarly the conversation piece is important. At the end of a tanda, the sound of the cortina comes like a bel. Now, the floor must be empty to make new eye contact possible. The act of watching is omnipresent.

Macho 2, Leading_Gender_Emancipatie_leiden_volgen

  Europeans who go to Buenos Aires to dance the "passionate tango" in the milongas, may find the formal codes and behavior rules, such as the strict separation between men, women and couples, a bit outdated. Others will find it nostalgic, as if concealing mystic darkness, as in the old days of Catholicism. A history of social dance is a history of morality and as 83% of the Argentinians are Catholics, the setting reflects some Catholic morality.

  For a single Catholic woman it isn’t always easy to make the step to tango dancing, tango with it's, nearly sacramental, intimacy and passion. But, quite true, dance portrays the beauty of the person as made in the image of God.
Regarding Tango and the Theology of the Body, click here: Katrina J. Zeno

Innocence and wrongdoing

  The English word whore, referring to (female) prostitutes, is taken from the Old English word hora (from the Indo-European root ka meaning "to like, desire") but usage of that word is widely considered pejorative and prostitute is a less value-laden term. It could also come from the Islamic term houri, the name for an attentive female virgin in the afterlife, but this derivation is unlikely given the presence of cognates of the Old English word in other Germanic languages. On the other hand, in Germany most prostitutes' organizations deliberately use the word Hure (whore) since they feel that prostitute is an unnecessary euphemism for something not in need of euphemisms. The term sex worker is becoming the label of choice in Australia. Prostitutes may also be called hookers.

  In Hebrew the meaning of the word fornication is "broader" than adultery. To fornicate or to play the whore, becomes virtually synonymous with engagement in idolatry, the worship of idols, images that are not God. No metaphor, especially as it symbolizes the practice of idolatry, is more powerful than the woman as whore, in all of the captivating sexual imagery it symbolized.

  Innocence. In contrast to ignorance, innocence is generally viewed as a positive term, connoting a blissfully positive view of the world, in particular one where the lack of knowledge stems from a lack of wrongdoing, whereas greater knowledge comes from doing wrong. This connotation may be connected with a popular false etymology explaining "innocent" as meaning "not knowing" (Latin noscere). Children are usually considered to be innocent and to gradually lose this attribute through maturity by gaining knowledge of the adult world. This view is common in regards to sexuality, though seeing that as a wrong thing is a disputed idea, which some argue stem from Christianity and other religion's classification. Around the enlightenment period of the eighteenth century, the conceptions of childhood changed. Society adopted the idea of the "blank slate" and beginning life in a state of unconsciousness.

caminar_2x4_dos_por_cuatro

Pour faire la danseuse

  Like industrialization, the history of prostitution in Argentina offers sobering insights, in fact "el comercio carnal" has been legal in Argentina since the beginning of republic. Prostitution laws were the first type of labor legislation enacted, even before the basic legal codes of the country were formed. The governing officials viewed prostitución as a danger to the Argentine national identity with the potential to destroy not only the family but also the medical health of the country. It was for this reason that laws were enacted which legalized prostitution but forced the commercial sex workers to live in special burdeles-houses, undergo supervised medical examination and have their inheritance and business rights restricted.

  Why did so many girls turn to this quecos-business? Prostitution was a response to poverty because of the hunger, religious and political persecution that many European Franchucha had faced in their former homelands, and upon arriving in Buenos Aires, this was a reasonable trade to make for the freedom from poverty they had endured in prior realities. The by human traffic imported "Esclavas Blancas" served a dual economic function, one for their sexual and dancing skills, and second for stimulating their customers to drink alcohol, champagne.

  Today, the same pattern is repeating. Women are brought to Buenos Aires by a pimp, always with the same behavior method: the women are deceived with the promise of a legal work; in the destination place their documents are snatched and are confined to live under the rules of rape, punishments and abuse of drugs. Prostitution as part of the organized crime at a world-wide level has in Argentina heartbreaking examples.
More Shadow Sides

On Morality & Aesthetics

  Moral codes are often complex statements of right and wrong. Although some people might think that the moral code is simple, rarely there is anything simple about one's morals or ethics or for that matter judgment of others' morals. The difficulty lies in the fact that morals are often part of a religion and more often than not about culture codes. The term Morality is often used to refer to a system of principles and judgments shared by cultural, religious, and philosophical concepts and beliefs, by which humans subjectively determine whether given actions are right or wrong. These concepts and beliefs are often generalized and codified by a culture or group, and thus serve to regulate the behavior of its members. Conformity to such codification may also be called morality, and the group may depend on widespread conformity to such codes for its continued existence. In any society there is a divergence between the notion of how we ought to behave and the reality of how we behave, so there is a difference between hypothetical punditry and real morality. Meta-ethics asks strange questions such as: Do the terms "straight", "gay", "fuck", and "slut" make sense? How do we justify the existence of good, or is it all relative and is morality simply a statement of one's preferences ?

  The word Aesthetics however, was not widely used until the beginning of the 19th Century. Its use comes from the German ästhetisch or French esthétique, (both from the Greek meaning a perceiver or sensitive). It meant "the science which treats of the conditions of sensuous perception". When aesthetics was established as a field of study by German philosophers in the 18th century, the emphasis was on beauty, taste, transcendance and the sublime. Aesthetically appealing objects were beautiful in and of themselves. The meaning of aesthetic as an adjective may be illuminated by comparing it to anaesthetic. If something is anaesthetic, it tends to dull the senses or cause sleepiness. Aesthetic may be thought of as anything that spontaneous tends to stimulate the senses, that which appeals to the senses.

more philosophy here
La historia oficial

Mentality Changes

  After the 1976-1983 dictatorship, democracy was restored and people became aware of the importance of being respectful about human rights and being tolerant toward different ideas, ideologies, sexual orientation, and ethnic and racial differences.
The Argentina Homosexual Community, the country's first gay-rights organization, was created in 1984. In 2002, a turning point for stereotypical sex roles in Argentina, the city became the first in Latin America to pass a civil union law, giving gays and lesbians most of the rights enjoyed by married couples.

  Buenos Aires is viewed as one of the most progressive cities in South America. The city is in the midst of a tourism boom since the Argentine peso lost two-thirds of its value shortly after the country's 2001 economic collapse. More than 6.5 million tourists visited Buenos Aires in the first 11 months of 2003, a 38-per-cent increase over the same period in 2002. An added attraction for all visitors is the legendary good looks of Argentinians. Small wonder that the sex tourism industry for both heterosexuals and gays is booming, fuelled by demand from an increasing number of tourists and an economic depression that has induced many young people to work in escort agencies. The number of escort agencies is growing, and many students from the interior of the country are financing their studies in Buenos Aires this way.
Acompañantes escort list here

Behind an image, is concealed another

  Buenos Aires is often called the Paris of South America, mainly because of its architectural image. Regarding the man-woman relation however, it is much different from the Parisian mind. Especially at the present difficult times, the Argentine Catholic church has focused its advocacy in three areas: ferm opposition to nearly all forms of modern contraception, to sex education, and to abortion. At the heart of this opposition lie views about women’s role in the family, and about maternity and reproduction as key parts of women’s identity. Increasingly, however, Catholic church officials have sought to justify their faith-based opposition to contraception and abortion in less doctrinal and more “pragmatic” terms, such as “scientific” proof that condoms prevent neither pregnancy nor sexually transmitted infections or nationalist concerns with population size and growth.

  Historically, a central part of the identity of the political elite in Argentina has been that of a frontier nation to be colonized and populated by Caucasian immigrants from Europe. The most famous expression of this identity is the phrase to rule is to populate attributed to Juan Bautista Alberdi, a central figure in Argentina’s political history known as the “father of the Argentine constitution.” Over the years, the refrain “to rule is to populate” has been used by various political actors to justify the limitations on women’s reproductive autonomy and rights, by reference to women’s essential role as childbearers and as such tools for population growth. Across the South American region, many governments and legislators have historically declared their opposition to modern birth control methods, usually with reference to Catholic church doctrine. However, in Argentina the government went so far as to prohibit the sale of all contraceptives for several decades in the late twentieth century, an extreme display of opposition to birth control even by regional standards. This pro-natalist approach has historically set Argentina apart from the rest of South America, so much so that Argentina in 1996 was the only country in the region to provide no public support of any kind for access to contraception.

  It is estimated that in Argentina episodes of violence against women exist in 1 of each 5 couples, at different degrees... 42% of the female homicide victims (whose author is discovered) were assassinated by their couples. 37% of the women battered by their marriage partner have been more than 20 years suffering those abuses. According to information, it is estimated that 25% of the Argentine women are victims of violence and that 50% will undergo some violent situations at some moment of their life. More affected group is from 25 to 34 years old. Although no formal studies have been made by the Argentine government, based on the general impoverishment of the population and the report elaborated by UNICEF in 2001 that the situation of women in prostitution has gotten worse considerably. All women in situation of prostitution, including those who vindicate themselves as sexual workers have been object of repeated abuses, illegal pressures and haltings by the police.

  According to data of the National Institute of Statistics and Census of 1997, the percentage of sexually active women between 15 to 49 years of age of the main cities that used contraceptive methods varied between 53.2 and 64.6%. Among those with Unsatisfied Basic Needs (poor), this rate was reduced to 43.5% to 54.1%. This indicates a low level of use of contraceptives methods among poor women, that the economic crisis and the absence of programs of reproductive health have worsened. It is estimated that in Argentina, there are around 400,000 annual abortions, 37% of the pregnancies end up in abortion. Adolescent pregnancy continues growing, 15.5% of children born alive are from mothers under 20 years old.

  In 2002, the Argentine congress enact meaningful reform, overcoming vocal opposition from the Catholic church as well as several conservative legislators to pass the National Law on Sexual Health and Responsible Procreation. This law placed reproductive and sexual health on the national political agenda for the first time in Argentina’s history. Argentina’s health minister indicated publicly that he thought women’s health and lives probably would improve if abortion were decriminalized. In response, President Nestor Kirchner (elected in 2003) was quick to emphasize that the government’s position continued to be a “clear rejection of the legalization of abortion.” However, Kirchner also defended his government’s health minister against subsequent attacks from the Catholic church, including by asking the Vatican to retire a bishop who had suggested the health minister should be thrown into the sea with a stone around his neck for his comments.

  President Néstor Kirchner, while professing belief in the Catholic faith, has often had a troubled relationship with the hierarchy of the Church. Kirchner belongs to the center-left of Peronism and has placed emphasis on certain progressive views that do not go well with some conservative Catholics. The Argentine national government passed laws and began a program to the effect of providing assistance on sex education to all citizens, including the provision of free oral contraceptives and condoms. The Church opposes artificial contraception and has placed conditions on its acceptance of sex education in schools.

  Nowadays , more than 50% of the Argentinean population is under the line of poverty. There are 18,219,000 poor people, representing 51.4% of population in 2002, and 8,319,000 from total poor people are children and adolescents. Citizens find it very difficult to access to public health services, justice and education and to the benefits of social security including retirement. Social benefits are focused only on certain groups and those who apply to be beneficiaries must qualify as addressees of an assistance based on their poverty status. Argentine women live in a situation of serious unprotection of their health, specially sexual and reproductive one. This situation affects more seriously youngest and poor women with low education, and the rural population. Another aspect that aggravates the unprotection of sexual and reproductive rights is the persistence of cultural patterns that, in Argentina, still maintain sexuality like a taboo subject, in particular for women of popular sectors.

  At the beginning of 2005, the minister of Health made public his support for the legalization of abortion, and Kirchner's silence on the matter angered the Church. In October 2005 conflict erupted again as the Argentine Chamber of Deputies took steps to pass a Sex Education Law that would encompass the whole school system (public and private, including confessional schools), forcing educational establishments to teach students about gender roles and contraception, among other topics. The Archbishop of La Plata accused the state of "promoting sexual corruption" and "inciting fornication, lust and promiscuity". On the issue of the 1970's, - the Vatican Embassy here kept a secret list of thousands of people who "disappeared" during Argentina's dirty wars of the late 1970s - Kirchner called attention on the many bishops "who weren't there while children were disappearing" and who "gave [the sacrament of] confession to torturers" of the Dirty War. During the 1976-1983 "Dirty War", an estimated 30,000 people "disappeared". Members of the opposition later qualified Kirchner as "Liberation Theology", "unjust" and "intolerant".

Cleaning it up

  Tolerance is a social, cultural and religious term applied to the collective and individual practice of not persecuting those who may believe, behave or act in ways of which one may not approve. Authoritarian systems practice intolerance or zero tolerance , the opposite of tolerance. Tolerance is seen as a more widely acceptable term than "acceptance" and particularly "respect," where the application to controversial parties is concerned.

  In the wider sociological sense, "tolerance" carries with it the understanding that "intolerance" and conformity breeds violence and social instability. "Tolerance" has thus become the social term of choice to define the practical rationale of permitting uncommon social practice and diversity. One only tolerates people who are disliked for their differences.


Tango-E-Vita, multilingual Belgian website which focuses on the many different dimensions of performing and experiencing Argentine Tango Dance as a living, ongoing event. Online multimedia such as instructional video-clips on guiding technique and views of shows. Articles in English, Dutch and other languages, with information and thoughts on the manner and quality of couple dancing and, regarding the mind-body relation and the act of exploring non-verbal communication, the powerful contemporary value of it. A special attention for multiple perspectives on gender, social class differences and mentality changes in the history of Tango Argentino.

Reframing, reframen Die Bedeutung, die ein Ereignis, eine Aussage, ein Verhalten, ein Glaubenssatz, ein Auslöser, ein Reiz hat, hängt vom Kontext, vom Rahmen ab, in den wir es hineinstellen, den wir ihm geben. Frame ist der Rahmen. Reframing bedeutet, einen neuen Rahmen zu konstruieren, eine neue Bedeutung zu geben. Ein Bild kann in einem neuen Rahmen ganz anders aussehen und anders wirken. Wird ein Problem reframt, dann bekommt dasselbe Ereignis, eine neue Bedeutung: neue Reaktionen und neues Verhalten werden möglich. Reframing bezeichnet den Prozeß des Umdeutens: des Einnehmens einer neuen Perspektive, einer neuen Art der Wahrnehmung, einer neuen Interpretation
Generell wird in NLP nach (1) Kontext-, (2) Bedeutungs- und (3) Inhalts-Reframing unterschieden (in manchen Fällen ist diese Einteilung nicht brauchbar).
(1) Beim Kontext-Reframing wird direkt der Rahmen verändert. Ein Problem wird einen neuen Rahmen gestellt, wo es als Problem verschwindet. Eine scheinbare Ressource wird in einen neuen Rahmen gestellt, wodurch sie zum Problem wird. Ein Beispiel für ersteres: Ein Vater hält seine Tochter für "aggressiv". Man könnte den Vater fragen: in welchem Kontext könnte "die Fähigkeit, sich durchzusetzen und sich zu wehren, wenn sie belästigt wird" nützlich und willkommen sein?
(2) Beim Bedeutungs-Reframing (auch Inhalts-Reframing genannt) bleiben Kontext und Situation erhalten, aber die Bedeutung wird verändert. Ein Beispiel: Eine Mutter ärgert sich über die Fußabdrücke ihrer Kinder am Teppich. "Fußabdrücke auf dem Teppich" haben für Sie die Bedeutung: "Niemand respektiert mich." Eine neue Bedeutung könnte sein: "Fußabdrücke auf dem Teppich" haben die Bedeutung: "Liebe Menschen sind im Haus".
3) Der Ausdruck Inhalts-Reframing wird in NLP unterschiedlich verwendet. Manche AutorInnen setzen diesen Ausdruck mit Bedeutungs-Reframing gleich: es geht um die inhaltliche Bedeutung einer Aussage und die Veränderung des Bedeutungs-Inhaltes. Für andere ist der Ausdruck Inhalts-Reframing ein Überbegriff mit dem Kontext- und dem Bedeutungs-Reframing als Sonderfälle. Beide Reframings können nämlich nur dann durchgeführt werden, wenn der Coach den Inhalt (den Wortlaut) der problematischen Aussage kennt. D.h. im Unterschied zu anderen NLP-Interventionen kann der Coach nicht alleine auf der Prozeß-Ebene agieren, sondern muß auch gewisse Inhalte des Problems kennen.