african masksFake or Copy
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A fine Eastern Pende Panya-Gombe African mask. Coll.: David Norden

African Art books I like | Genuine African Masks

Fake or Copy

1) A fake is always copy, but a copy is not always a fake. 

2) A traditional copy is based on semantic and iconographic parameters. The intention of the artist is to follow the sacred/social context and to produce a piece that fits within these limits. 

3) A traditional copy does not have to follow a specific example, but it must follow the tradition that initiated the primal object ,ie, it follows the iconographic structure. 

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by James Tyler

First published in the discussion group at: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/AfricanAntiques/ 

4) A copy that is carved intentionally within the said tradition can be reproduced many times. Although there does not have to be a specific example that is copied. 

5) Over time the UR-object can become modified, but it always maintains a referential relation to to primal-object. 

6) Creativity enters into the tradition, but the artist always respects the intention of the tradition. 

7) A fake does not have bounds to any traditional sacred body. A fake can be used for any number of objectives: 1) practice; 2) decoration;3) economic; 4) creative etc...

8) Fakes at one end are called forgeries, at the other innocent reproductions. 

9) There are slippery areas. A known fake can be reincorporated into a traditional context and a well known artist can 'copy' his earlier work to sell. 

10) In modernity all traditions are open ended, so there can be transitive relations between classes of objects. But if the basic intention of an object has been established, that explanation will hold. 

11) A real copy has a tight deep structure that can only be modified through an intentional semantic shift on the part of the people that created the object. But still, some African cultures do not accept this...once a sacred object always a sacred object. 

12) Fakes can function in positive ways; they can instruct, serve as an historical marker; be enjoyed for their bare presence, etc. But their initial creation is never linked to a cultural intentionality meant to express a sacred lineage. 

James Tyler is a member of our discussion group, join and read more
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/AfricanAntiques/ 

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In this section:
Start
Omhoog
David's buying tips
African art experts
dealer-tips
dealer species
african art commodity
Fake or Copy
Authenticity-Kamer
Selling African art
currency museum Ottawa
African artefacts
Does it need Evaluation ?
reconceptualisation
African-weapons
African ceramics
Fake Gabun
ceramic arts in Africa 

African art books

The Tribal Arts of Africa

The Tribal Arts of Africa
Author: Jean-Baptiste Bacquart

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read also : Start ] David's buying tips ] African art experts ] dealer-tips ] dealer species ] african art commodity ] [ Fake or Copy ] Authenticity-Kamer ] Selling African art ] currency museum Ottawa ] African artefacts ] Does it need Evaluation ? ] reconceptualisation ] African-weapons ] African ceramics ] Fake Gabun ] ceramic arts in Africa ]

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