Johannesburg Art Gallery - Africa Remix Back Home
Patrice Felix Tchicaya's 'Fin de cycle (End of Cycle)' (2007)--a video installation with sound, three DVD projections and mirrors
(c) Africa Remix: Contemporary Art of a Continent, museum kunst palast; at the Johannesburg Art Gallery, 2007
By Kim Gurney found at Newsweek Aug. 14,
“Already seen in Paris but still good,” reads one
comment in the oversized visitors’ book at the Johannesburg Art Gallery (JAG).
But never mind Paris. The point with this particular show was not where it had
been but where it is: Johannesburg, South Africa. Over the last decade,
a growing appetite for contemporary African art has spurred a number of
blockbuster survey shows in cultural capitals around the world. Each claimed to
provide a unique barometer of artistic production on the African continent. But
only the latest, "Africa Remix," holds the trump card: it actually
made it to an African audience—in Johannesburg, to be precise.
This show of 83 artists from 25 African countries and
the diaspora is the first major exhibition of contemporary African art held in
Africa, according to JAG head Clive Kellner. “Given that exhibitions such as
'Africa Remix' are only ever seen in Europe or the U.S., our intention was to
bring the exhibition, which is about Africa, to Africa for a local audience to
engage with,” he said.
"Africa Remix," organized by Germany’s
Museum Kunst Palast, was never originally intended to visit the African
continent. But while it was touring Düsseldorf, London, Paris, Tokyo and
Stockholm, the JAG successfully lobbied for funding. It was not a smooth ride:
the logistics of moving four 40-foot containers of art through South African
customs threatened to derail the entire event. But "Africa Remix"
successfully opened last month to the biggest crowds since the JAG’s inception
in 1915. “The reception has been overwhelming," Kellner said. "The
exhibition has attracted new audiences, especially families and patrons not
previously seen at the gallery.”
It is obviously difficult to please everyone. A visitor
disgruntled about the “pathetic little dribble of cream” in his cappuccino
at the gallery café complained bitterly that such poor service would never be
tolerated at the Louvre. But the "Africa Remix" visitors’ book is a
litany of superlatives. “What resonates is the idea that ‘Africa Remix’
has come home,” said Stephen Hobbs of the Johannesburg art collective The
Trinity Session at a recent "Africa Remix" discussion forum.
Kellner hopes the show will affect perceptions around
African art—“even at home.” One JAG visitor who had also seen the London
iteration said it felt somehow different viewing "Africa Remix" in
Johannesburg: “Here we are looking at Africa from the inside; in London, we
were looking in from the outside.” But it seems the same ‘looking’ has
drawn different conclusions. There are still notions of Africa being
“exotic” in some of the exhibition’s prior host cities, as Kellner put it.
He cited the proclaimed shock of one London critic at seeing video and digital
installation on "Africa Remix." “Somehow there still remains a
notion that contemporary African artists should not make work that comprises new
media—that authentic African artists only produce things with their hands,
like paintings and sculpture … This is really a shocking comment in the 21st
century [that] a European critic could expect African artists to re-enforce an
essentialist stereotypical idea of African artists as tribal, crafters or
primitive,” Kellner said.
The artworks in "Africa Remix" form a
disparate collection linked only by theme: identity and history, body and soul,
city and land. There is a slight nod to more "traditional" modes of
production—an assemblage of recycled materials, a sculpture of found objects,
a ritualistic shrine. But far more prevalent are contemporary materials that
help dismiss notions that African artists and new media are seldom bedfellows.
Digital photography, DVD projections and video are all commonly employed.
Bili Bidjocka’s interactive digital installation
called "Room of Tears" is just one example. The floor of a room is
covered with 30cm of water and visitors must stride from one stepping stone to
another to make their way to several interactive flat screens embedded in the
walls. Each step action triggers a change in the screens, which flip between
images of pained faces muttering incoherently. As Hobbs said, “The perception
is that Africans don’t make this kind of work.”
Outside of "Africa Remix," local artists are
also doing their bit to carry the new-media flag. Ismail Farouk, based in
Johannesburg, showed delegates at the "Remix" forum his latest Web
project, which uses online tools like Google mapping and the Internet
photo-sharing site Flickr. He has created a digital
map of the routes taken through the township of Soweto by
schoolchildren and the police during the pivotal uprising of June 16, 1976. The
protests, which helped change the course of South African history, turned
violent and, by the end of the day, scores of children were shot dead. Users can
contribute feedback via blogs and upload images and Web links to the site.
Farouk has been working closely with Dr. Angel David
Nieves at the University of Maryland, whose "Soweto ‘76" project is
going one step further. His Web
interface will offer users the chance to experience the same
fateful June day through a three-dimensional reconstruction of a Soweto street
while accessing archival data from the time.
But there are significant hurdles for African artists
engaged with new media. The World Wide Web is for many Africans more like “the
World Wide Wait,” according to Saki Mafundikwa, founder and director of the
Zimbabwe Institute of Vigital [sic] Arts, which teaches new-media
skills to young people. Mafundikwa told the "Africa Remix" discussion
forum that his organization battles with funds, digital connectivity and power
outages. “I have had to scale back on my dreams and visions for Africa and new
media. The dream is the global village, but the reality is very different,” he
Mafundikwa is at the sharp end of the digital divide.
The broader situation is perhaps less bleak. According to consultant Gerrard
Foster, speaking at the same forum, Africans are actually early technology
adopters; it is only infrastructure that is prohibitive. The booming mobile
phone market was a repeated example, with South Africans reportedly owning more
than 30 million handsets. Another delegate added: “The cell phone is a big
revolution. Even my grandmother [in the township] has one … She can talk to
her children in the United States.” Local artists are already in on the act:
South African filmmaker Aryan Kaganof showed forum delegates the trailer for his
forthcoming feature film, "SMS Sugar Man," about “a pimp with
principles.” The movie claims to be a world first, shot entirely on a
cell-phone handset. The tagline is ominous: “In Johannesburg … on Christmas
Eve … bad things happen.” Good things happen too: "Africa Remix"
is home, until Sept. 30. 2007