back.gif (4413 bytes)                                                                                                                   home.gif (4443 bytes)

vliegendeuilowl.gif (34871 bytes)

De antwoorden van de vragen staan onder de vraag met vermelding van het aantal juiste antwoorden.

 

Café Den Hemelquiz 04-12-2004

 

Good evening and welcome to the third Café Den Hemelquiz, also the second ‘European Championship’ for quiz teams. We will try to entertain you with 140 questions. Our quiz has to finish before midnight, so we can’t afford to lose much time by repeating a lot of questions. The questions will be in English, with a brief resume in Dutch on the screen. Every question is accompanied by an illustration on the screen, which can be just illustrative or hide a hint. The questions are worth one point each, except for the final super round. Good luck!

 

Round 1: Champions League Round

 

Our quiz has been announced on the site of the International Quiz Association (http://www.iqa.be) as ‘the 2nd European championship for quiz teams, truly the Champions League of Quizzing’. This inspired us to make a ‘Champions League Round’. We’ll ask you 15 questions, and with the first letters of the answers you can form the word ‘Champions League’.

 

1. Science and politics

This word indicates a hierarchy of terms which are used to place inventory items in a record. The terminology defines categories, subcategories, and types of articles. In Russian it was originally the list of higher responsibility positions or jobs whose occupants needed to be approved by the Communist Party. By extension, the term started to be used figuratively, to designate people who effectively occupied these positions. What term, derived from the Latin for ‘calling by name’?

 

Nomenclature / Nomenklatura (29/32)

 

2. Liqueur

This traditional lemon liqueur, made of the peels of lemons, is typical for the provinces of Naples and Caserta and the island of Ischia. What liqueur?

 

Limoncello (21/32)

 

3. Indy Car

This is without any doubt the most successful family in Indy Car Racing. The oldest won the CART-title twice and he was a 3-time winner of the Indy 500. His younger brother did even better with three titles and four wins at Indianapolis. This brother also had a son with the same name, winning the championship and the Indy 500 twice. So, which family won 7 CART-titles and 9 Indy 500’s between 1968 and 1994?

 

Unser (Bobby Unser, Al Unser Sr., Al Unser Jr.) (26/32)

 

4. Film

This film by Rainer Werner Fassbinder tells us the story of a 17 year old girl, played by Hanna Schygulla, who is pushed into a marriage with a baron 20 years her senior. The title of the film, which is also the name of the girl, based on a novel by Theodor Fontane?

 

Effi Briest (17/32)

 

5. Deer

This deer can be found from India and Nepal eastward through Southeast Asia, The Philippines and Taiwan. They live in forests, alone or in small groups. It is a large deer, standing 1.2–1.4 m at the shoulder. The male bears long, three-tined antlers. What’s the name of the cervus unicolor, a favourite prey species of the tiger? For the link we ask the most common, internationally known name.

 

Sambar (6/32)

 

6. Literature

Les vaisseaux du Coeur, translated as Salt on our Skin (Desire in the USA) is a novel documenting an intellectual woman's lifelong affair with a Breton fisherman. In 1992, the story was filmed by Andrew Birkin, starring Greta Scacchi and Vincent d’Onofrio. Who wrote this novel? She was born in Paris in 1920 and became famous after publishing this novel in 1988.

 

Benoîte Groult (21/32)

 

7. Design

In 1915, Coca Cola recognised the requirement for a unique and easily recognisable bottle for its fast growing, popular drink. Alexander Samuelsson, a Swedish innovator found inspiration when, poring through the pages of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, the image of a cocoa bean set him thinking. His work resulted in the unique design of the Coca-Cola bottle which was given a patent in that same year. The bottle is named after its shape. What’s this popular name, consisting of two words?

 

Contour bottle (solo jury)

 

8. Science

What’s the name for the sum of the internal energy and the product of the pressure and volume of a thermodynamic system? It is an energy-like property or state function—it has the dimensions of energy, and its value is determined entirely by the temperature, pressure, and composition of the system and not by its history. In symbols, H, equals the sum of the internal energy, E, and the product of the pressure, P, and volume, V, of the system: H = E + PV. What’s the name of this property function, next to entropy one of the most important concepts of thermodynamics?

 

Enthalpy (20/32)

 

9. Cartoons

In the albums of Spiderman, a scientist and businessman, after exposure to an experimental nerve gas, develops an alternate personality, the Green Goblin. In the movie, this character is played by Willem Dafoe. What’s the name of the original Green Goblin in real life? He’s also the father of Harry, Peter Parker’s best friend.

 

Norman Osborn (7/32)

 

10. Music

In 2002, this was a major hit in many European countries. This Italian lady, named after a famous movie star, also had an English version of this song, You promised me. Her name?

 

In-Grid (16/32)

 

11. Religion and freemasonry

This Phoenician king of Tyre reigned from about 969 until 936 BC, and he was an ally of the Israelite kings David and Solomon, supplying Solomon with men and materials for the construction of the Temple at Jerusalem and cooperating with him in Mediterranean and Red Sea trading voyages. Solomon gave him tribute and Galilean territory in return. He is revered by the Freemasons for his part in the construction of Solomon’s temple. What’s his name?

 

Hiram (Abiff) (15/32)

 

12. Railway station

Madrid, 11 March 2004. Seven bombs exploded at 7:39 at a station, two more bombs on one train detonated at El Pozo station, one further bomb exploded on a train at Santa Eugenia station. What was the name of the station where most of the casualties occurred? It is, together with Chamartín, the principal railway station in Madrid.

 

Atocha (23/32)

 

13. Conductor

Milan is the native town of this conductor of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra (from 1971), the London Symphony Orchestra (1979–88), and the Berlin Philharmonic (1989-2002, as successor of von Karajan). He made his debut at La Scala in his Milan in 1960. He served as its music director for 18 years. He always combined the traditional repertoire with contemporary music and interpretations of modern works. Which famous conductor? 

 

Claudio Abbado (18/32)

 

14. Painting

This altarpiece was executed in 1414 for the church of the Florentine monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli where the artist lived. It’s an example of the international Gothic painting of which this artist is an excellent represent, and it is now shown at the Uffizi Gallery. The name of the painter? For the link we need the second part of his name and definitely not his real name.

 

Lorenzo Monaco (Piero di Giovanni) (solo Poco Loco)

 

15. Historical geography

You can see an example of a navigational chart of the European Middle Ages. The earliest dated navigational chart extant was produced at Genoa by Petrus Vesconte in 1311 and is said to mark the beginning of professional cartography. These charts were characterized by rhumb lines, that radiate from the centre in the direction of wind or compass points and that were used by pilots to lay courses from one harbour to another. The charts were usually drawn on vellum and embellished with a frame and other decorations. Most were made in Italy or Catalonia and a few in Portugal. What’s the name of this kind of chart? You can see a famous example: the map of Juan de la Cosa, the owner of Columbus' flagship the Santa María of 1500 showing the new discoveries.

 

Portolan (16/32)

 

Round 2

 

In round 2, 3, 4, 7 and 8, you’ll get 10 questions and a globo of three questions. In every globo the questions are linked together. Before the first question of the globo, you’ll see a picture which is the clue to the globo.

 

1. Photography

We would like to point out that Gent has a brilliant nightlife. Café Den Hemel is, of course, the living example. Hence this question. The photographer we are looking for, born in 1899, left his country of birth for Paris in 1924. In 1930 he started taking pictures of the Paris’ nightlife, which two years later resulted in his famous book Paris de nuit. The man was, quite rightly, interested in the nightly activities: cafés, night hawks, couples in love, go-go girls, brothels, prostitutes, clochards,… He died in 1984. His name please.

 

Brassaï (real name Gyula Halász) (8/32)

 

2. Pre-Columbian history

In 1402, the son of the king of Tezcoco was born. At the age of fifteen, this son saw how his father was killed by the troops of Tezozómoc, the most powerful man in Central Mexico at that time. The man we are looking for was captured but he was able to escape and he fled to Tenochtitlan, the city of the Aztecs. In 1427, after Tezozómocs sudden death, he returned to his native city, and after a lot of spectacular events he could recapture the city. From now on, a coalition of Tenochtitlan, Tezcoco and Tlacopan ruled Central Mexico. The Aztecs were the dominant military force, but Tezcoco became as the ‘Athens of Mexico’ the cultural and intellectual centre of that time. The king was famous as a poet, a philosopher, an architect and an engineer. He died in 1472, after a reign of 45 yeas. One of the largest towns in the metropolitan area of Mexico City with more than one million inhabitants has the same name. And in 1986, three games of the world cup football were played in that town. Which famous king?

 

Nezahualcóyotl (solo jury)

 

3. (Lack of) fashion

This haircut was fashionable in the 1980’s, but remained popular in Germany, especially among football players and coaches. In German, they have a name for this haircut. It is an acronym of 8 letters, consisting of the first two letters of each word from the German translation of ‘Short in front, long at the back’. Among many excellent examples we find Rudi Völler, Tomas Skuhravy but also Chris Waddle.

 

VoKuHiLa (Vorne kurz, hinten lang) (18/32)

 

4. Film

An unemployed alcoholic Native American Indian lives on a trailer park with his wife and two children. Convinced that he has nothing to offer this world, he agrees to be tortured to death by a gang of rednecks in return for $50,000. This is the story of the only film of 1997 in which Johnny Depp featured both as director and actor. Marlon Brando has also a major role in it and Iggy Pop was responsible for the score. The title of the film?

 

The brave (5/32)

 

5. Literature

This Swedish writer committed suicide at the age of 31, as he was suffering from schizophrenia. At that time, he had already written some novels, a collection of short stories, a book of travel sketches and a few plays. A burnt child is featured as his most important book. His works have been held to express a sense of existentialist anguish. His name?

 

Stig Dagerman (4/32)

 

6. Chess

In July an Uzbek defeated Britain's Michael Adams in the tiebreak games to win the FIDE world championship in Libya. I guess you don’t know, but this champion is a member of the Jean Jaurès Chess Club, which has organised this quiz event together with Café Den Hemel and IQA. In January, he will play against the world’s highest rated player, Garry Kasparov, in Dubai. The winner of that match will play against Vladimir Kramnik, in order to have but one world champion. What’s the name of this famous team mate of the people who are bringing you drinks?

 

Rustam Kasimdzhanov (9/32)

 

7. Language

A widely believed story is that in 1791 a Dublin theatre owner named James Daly made a bet that he could introduce a word into the language within twenty-four hours. He and his friends spent the night painting a nonsense word on the buildings and pavements of Dublin. The next morning everybody in Dublin asked everybody else what that word meant; and so it acquired its present meaning. Se non e’ vero e’ ben trovato, but unfortunately, there is absolutely no evidence to support it and the term was in use prior to 1791. Which term, a term we all know very well in different languages?

 

Quiz (23/32)

 

8. Sociology

This Slovenian sociologist, philosopher and cultural critic is well known for his interpretation of the works of Jacques Lacan in relation to popular culture. He argues in favour of a politicalization of the economy and of politics as a counter balance to post-politics. In 1990 he was a candidate for the presidency of the Republic of Slovenia. His name?

 

Slavoj Žižek (Clockwork and De Ultieme Hallucinatie)

 

9. Road pass

The highest road pass of Europe, with 2802 m, lies in the French Alps, in the Parc National du Mercantour, although you can find lists with other passes that are supposed to be higher. A lot of confusion originates from the fact that there exists a pass at a height of 2715m. The French made it the highest road pass by building an otherwise useless loop above the actual pass. This actually makes the road another 87m above the real pass. The pass figured three times in the Tour de France, in 1962 and 1964, on both of which occasions the Eagle of Toledo Federico Bahamontes crossed it first, and in 1993 when Scotland's Robert Millar took it. It’s name?

 

Col de la Bonette / Col de Restefond (6/32)

 

10. Music

Who do you hear next? By the way, his nickname was acquired in prison and referred to his physical toughness, not to a bullet he received somewhere.

 

Huddie “Leadbelly” Ledbetter with  Rock Island line (20/32)

 

Globo: A novel, a movie and a song

 

11. Carriages and cars

This is the name for either two types of vehicle. One is a four-wheeled, straight-bodied, open carriage, usually with no doors or side pieces in front of the seats. The other type is nowadays far better known: it is a synonym for a station wagon: a large car with a lot of luggage capacity.

 

Break (20/32)

 

12. Literature

This American novelist was born in New York in 1914. He held strong left-wing views and a large number of his novels dealt with political themes. In 1943 he joined the American Communist Party and his Marxist views were reflected in the novels that he wrote during this period, like Freedom Road, The American and Spartacus. In 1950 he was ordered to appear before the House of Un-American Activities Committee and was sentenced to three months in prison. After the Hungarian Uprising, he left the party and the following year he published The Naked God: The Writer and the Communist Party about this rupture. His last novel, Greenwich, was published in 2000. He died in 2003. Which novelist?

 

Howard Fast (17/32)

 

13. Design

Which American artist (1848-1933), most famous for his Art Nouveau pieces in stained glass, jewellery and furniture?

 

Louis Comfort Tiffany (30/32)

 

Link: you’ve seen the poster of Breakfast at Tiffany’s at the beginning of this Globo: a novel by Truman Capote, a movie by Blake Edwards and a song by Deep Blue Something.

 

Round 3

 

1. Modern art

We would like to point out that Gent has a brilliant museum of Modern Art, called SMAK. Hence this question. She is a French performance artist whose most recent work is herself. Entitled The Reincarnation of Saint… , she has since May 1990 undergone a series of plastic surgical operations to transform herself into a new being, modelled on Botticelli's Venus, Boucher's Europa, da Vinci's  Mona Lisa. She has been featured on CBS's Eye to Eye, written about in Art in America, exhibited worldwide and is supported by the French Ministry of Culture and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Her name?

 

Orlan (12/32)

 

2. An officer and a gentleman

This Swiss engineer and army officer, born in 1787, served in Napoleon's army. In 1817 he returned to Switzerland and was appointed ingénieur cantonal, supervising the construction of public works that greatly improved Geneva. Two years later, he began his pioneer topographical survey of Switzerland (published 1842–64). In 1847 he was elected general of the federal army and he displayed skill and moderation in the Sonderbundkrieg. He presided over the international congress in Geneva in 1864 that drew up the convention for the wounded in time of war and resulted in the creation of the Red Cross. The highest peak (4,634 m) of Switzerland in the Monte Rosa Massif is named after him. His name?

 

Guillaume-Henri Dufour (Dufourspitze) (19/32)

 

3. Language

We have taken the names of two capitals and mixed the two names. The letters from one capital are still in the right order, but those of the other capital are put back to front. The name of the two capitals?

 

Paramaribo / Antananarivo (31/32)

 

4. Peace pipe

This is one of the best known Native American symbols. It is used in ceremonies as a blessing and an offering. The pipes were principally used by the Dakotan and Algonquian peoples of the Great Plains and in the South East of the United States. The Lakota name chanupa means 'reed', and its better known name originates from a French Canadian word with the same meaning. How do we call the Indian ‘peace pipe’?

 

Calumet (25/32)

 

5. Economy

On the stock market, a certain term of two words is used for the expiry date of options, index options and index futures. If the last day of trading in all three types of derivatives falls on the same date, stock market traders refer to this with the same term, preceded by another word. Altogether, this occurs four times a year – always on the third Friday of March, June, September and December. For speculators, it means the expiry of the time limit set for them to execute their forward transactions. In the run-up to this deadline, major market players will want to push current prices in the direction of the prices at which they are exposed on the futures exchange. In the short term, this results in high trading volumes and violent price swings. We’re asking you for the three word-term.

 

Triple witching day (solo jury)

 

6. Human body

Short question: considering all the chemical elements present in the human body, which element has the highest part in the total weight of the body?

 

Oxygen (O) (17/32)

 

7. Athletics

Even without Kenteris and Thanou, Greece managed to win gold in athletics during the Olympic Games in their own Athens this year. Tsoumeleka won the 20km road walk gold medal and this lady surprisingly stormed to 400m hurdles gold after setting a new olympic record in qualifying. Her name?

 

Fani Halkia (13/32)

 

8. Flora

In the USA these flowers are very popular. The flower even has the status of state flower of Connecticut and Pennsylvania. It is a slightly poisonous broad-leaved evergreen shrub belonging to the family of the Ericaceae (heath family) and is therefore related to the Rhododendron. It has several popular names but we are asking for the official name of the genus, given to it after the Finnish botanist-explorer who first described it in 1624. In Western Europe it is found as a cultivar in gardens, requiring a moist and acid-rich soil and half-shadow.

 

Kalmia (Grizzly’s and Kwizona)

 

9. Kind of geography

Erected in 1995, this 20-meter facsimile was once billed as the "Second Largest Eiffel Tower in the Second Largest Paris." At the time, it surpassed Tennessee's wooden version, the only other known Eiffel Tower to stand in an American Paris, by a good 1.5 meter. Unfortunately, both Parises were forced to surrender in 1999 to a 160-meter copy in Las Vegas, and Tennessee later rebuilt theirs to 21 meter, knocking the shown tower further down to fourth place. In what American state you can find this Eiffel Tower, probably the only one ever to wear a chapeau, a Stetson measuring 3 meters wide?

 

Texas (30/32)

 

10. Music

You’re hearing one of the best son ensembles in Cuba. The band is led by Juan de Marcos González, a phenomenal trés player. Another veteran is trumpet player Jesús Alemañy. Who can you identify?

 

Sierra Maestra with El Relój de Pastora (Alzheimer, Here Jezus and Poco Loco)

 

Globo:

 

11. Diver

Born in 1973 in Grand Cayman, she is a world champion free-diver, who made her first breakthrough in 1998 and has become known as the dolphin-woman. In August 2002 she achieved the absolute world record no limits diving by reaching a depth of 160 m. In July 2003 she became absolute world champion variable weight. Unfortunately for her both records are not absolute anymore as 2 men have broken them in October 2004. The French diver Loic Leferme reached a depth of 171m in the no limits discipline and the Venezuelian Carlos Coste brought the men's record to 135 m in the variable weight without fins. What’s her name?

 

Tanya Streeter (12/32)

 

12. Nazi’s

We’re asking you the name of two early Nazi-brothers. Gregor joined the Nazi Party in 1920, and in 1923 he participated in Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch. After Hitler's release he took over the party organization in northern Germany, was elected to the Reichstag and soon built a mass movement with the help of his brother Otto and the young Joseph Goebbels. The brothers were more social radical and opposed Hitler's policy of catering to the country's major industrialists. Otto left the party in 1930, Gregor became head of the Nazi political organization and second only to Hitler in power and popularity. In December 1932, Paul von Hindenburg invited Kurt von Schleicher to become chancellor and invited Gregor to be his deputy. Hitler opposed this move and in order to maintain party unity Gregor resigned all party positions. He was murdered on Hitler's orders during the Night of the long knives. His brother Otto managed to escape and went into exile. What’s the name of those two brothers?

 

Gregor & Otto Strasser (27/32)

 

13. Film Music

This French composer (1925-1992) is best known as the composing partner for François Truffaut. Among the films for which he made the score are Truffaut’s Tirez sur le pianiste, Jules et Jim, La nuit américaine and Le dernier métro, but also Le mépris by Jean-Luc Godard, Le cerveau by Gérard Oury and in Hollywood Platoon by Oliver Stone. He won an Oscar for A little romance and he was nominated for Anne of the thousand days, Agnes of God and Steel magnolias. His name?

 

Georges Delerue (21/32)

 

Link: words for street.

 

Round 4

 

1. Design

We would like to point out that Gent has a brilliant design museum, the Design Museum Gent. Hence this question. This Italian designer was born in Innsbruck in 1917 and started his career in Milan in 1947. In 1981 he founded a new design-group, Memphis. This group makes stuff that looks fresh, new and exciting. Characteristic is the combination of different bright colours and different materials. Many of the objects remind us of toys. Famous designs are the Carlton Bookcase and the Tahiti Lamp. His name?

 

Ettore Sottsass (10/32)

 

2. Philosophy and gastronomy

This German philosopher was a student of Hegel in Berlin for two years. In his most important work, Das Wesen des Christentums (1841), he came to the conclusion, that the notion of God is merely the outward projection of man's inward nature. This book strongly influenced Marx and Engels. Among his other works are Theogonie and Gottheit, Freiheit, und Unsterblichkeit. His most famous quote is ‘Der Mensch ist, was er isst’. The name of this philosopher?

 

Ludwig Feuerbach (17/32)

 

3. Geography and pornography

This valley in southern California, lying northwest of downtown Los Angeles, is bounded by the San Gabriel (north and northeast), Santa Susana (north), and Santa Monica (south) mountains, and the Simi Hills (west). It is also known as Porn Valley. The pornalso known as Porn Vamlleyr, but  the mother will do)?er three chilkdren 'exico.  events het e city of the Aztecs.  industry in this valley employs some 6,000 people in 200 production companies turning out dozens of pornographic films and videos a week. In 1994, a heavy earthquake has struck this part of LA. What valley was hit?

 

San Fernando Valley (7/32)

 

4. Papacy and pornocracy

This Italian senatrix, daughter of the Roman consul Theophylactus and his wife Theodora, controlled papacy during several decades. First, she was the mistress of Pope Sergius III (904–11), though she was married at that time with Alberic I of Spoleto. Pope John X was her enemy, but she won the struggle and she had put him to death. According to Liutprand of Cremona, the third pope she put on the throne, John XI (931-935) was her son with former pope Sergius III as the father. Meanwhile, she had married Guido of Tuscany and thereafter Hugh of Provence. In 932, she was overthrown by Alberic II of Spoleto, a son of her first marriage, who had her imprisoned until her death in 937. His son (and so her grandson) became pope John XII in 955. He proved to be a worthy heir, as he died in 964, eight days after he had been, according to rumour, stricken by paralysis in the act of adultery. Which woman was mistress, mother and grandmother of a pope?

 

Marozia (Beunhazen International, Here Jezus, Kwizona)

 

5. Gastronomy

This is a Georgian dish that has become popular throughout the ex-Soviet Union. It's peaces of lamb meat marinated with spices, put on the sticks together with vegetables and roasted on a fire. The name of this kind of fast food?

 

Shaslik (14/32)

 

6. Zoology and psychology

Wilhelm von Osten, a retired schoolmaster, owned a stallion which became famous the world over for its mathematical prowess. The horse seemed to be an equine genius, eagerly tapping out with his hoof the solutions to mathematical problems. He also communicated by encoding the alphabet into hoof-taps: one tap meant "A," two taps meant "B," and so forth. On 6th September 1904, a commission visited von Osten’s stable yard to examine his capabilities. The horse was on good form, providing the right answers and receiving lots of carrots as a reward. A psychologist called Oskar Pfungst uncovered his one weakness: he was unable to respond correctly when no one in front of him knew the answer to the question at hand. The horse was using the visual cues of his questioners to know when to stop tapping. What was the name of this famous clever horse?

 

Clever Hans (Der Schlaue Hans, Kluger Hans) (8/32)

 

7. Skiing

This is the oldest, the longest, and the biggest cross-country ski race in the world. It's an international competition over 90 km in classic style open to both men and women on the first Sunday in March very year. Up till now, more than 400,000 women and men have successfully completed this 90km track through the woods, arriving at Mora. The name of this Swedish race, first held in 1922?

 

Vasaloppet (24/32)

 

8. Terrorism vs. feminism

We’re asking you the name of tion?ear after the bridge'ineer, who survived  beautiful design of the traditional Arab red and white or black and white chequered headscarf, commonly known as a Palestinian scarf. On the picture you can see Suha Arafat ironing one of her husband’s specimens.

 

Keffiyah (20/32)

 

9. National Park

This National Park is the most spectacular in Chili. Founded in 1959, it was recognized by the UNESCO  as a World Biosphere Reserve in 1978. The park derives its name from the mountain range it is part of, from a river with the same name and more specifically from the three sheer granite towers named after that river. What’s the name of these towers and of the park in the very southern part of the country?

 

Torres del Paine (4/32)

 

10. Music and politics

The menuet we are going to hear is composed by a Polish pianist who also was an important politician. Born in 1860, he got internationally known as a piano virtuose. In 1913 he moved to the USA where he founded the Polish National Committee. He was one of the signers of the Paris Peace Treaty and upon Poland's Independence, in 1918, he became its Prime Minister. In December 1939 he was asked to be chairman of the Polish parliament in exile in Paris. During a mission in the USA he became fatally ill and died in 1941.

 

Ignacy Jan Paderewski (22/32)

 

Globo:

 

11. Television

Third rock from the sun, an American comedy, ran from 1996 to 2001. John Lithgow was the high commander of a group of aliens who had come to earth to learn more about its population, its habits… What was the name of the high commander and weird professor in this series, a name that seems to promise protection against viruses?

 

Dick Solomon (9/32)

 

12. Science

This French biochemist discovered in 1961, together with François Jacob, messenger RNA. In 1965, he won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for that discovery. Five years later, his essay Le hazard et la necessité (Chance and necessity) was published, in which he argued that the origin of life and the process of evolution are the result of chance. Which famous French scientist?

 

Jacques Monod (10/32)

 

13. Buccaneer

John Avery, also called Captain Bridgeman or Long Ben, was one of Britain's most renowned pirates of the late 17th century. He was known to have flown a skull and crossbones before anyone else. After plundering a Mughal fleet, causing a lot of difficulties to the East India Company, many of his crew were captured and our buccaneer disappeared. He was the model for Daniel Defoe's hero in a book edited in 1720. What was the name of the hero, also the title of the Defoe’s work?

 

Captain Singleton (Bacomipest, Brodders, Milhous Warriors)

 

Link: words meaning alone, only

 

Round 5: Duo Round

 

In this round you get 10 times 2 questions. Each duo is about one subject, and both questions are linked. Every question is worth 1 point.

 

Heroic literature

 

1a

This English playwright, actor, and composer is best known for his comedies of manners. In 1925, his first comedy Hay fever was a success in London. The vortex, On with the dance, Bitter sweet, Private lives, Cavalcade, and Blithe spirit are some of his other successful plays. His name?

 

Noel Pierce Coward (24/32)

 

1b

In this play, based on the work of von Grimmelshausen, Bertolt Brecht tells us the story of a Swedish mother and her three children during the Thirty Years’ war. She earns her living with a canteen wagon thus having the benefits of war, but she looses her three children during that war. The title of this play (and the name of the mother will do)?

 

Mutter Courage (und ihre Kinder) (29/32)

 

Mountains

 

2a

This is the highest range of the Central Carpathians. The mountains extend along the Slovakian-Polish frontier, the highest peak being the Gerlachovský (2,655 m). Zakopane (Poland) and Poprad (Slovakia) are the nearby towns. It is also the name of a car manufacturer. What name?

 

Tatra (29/32)

 

2b

This is the highest range in Hungary. The maximum elevation is reached at Mount Kékes (1015 m), the highest point in Hungary. It is a sharply defined volcanic mass consisting in large part of lava. It is also the name of a car manufacturer. What name?

 

Mátra (11/32)

 

Iron man

 

3a

This is a living legend in the world of triathlon. He has won the Iron Man in Hawaii six times in the eighties and was the first inductee into the Iron Man Hall of Fame. His duel with Mark Allen in 1989, where he lost the hegemony over this race, is considered as the most epic battle in the history of this sport. What’s the name of this great American sportsman?

 

Dave Scott (19/32)menngly . a new olymic record es in their own Athens. d the American Greg LeMond winning this race.

 

3b

In that famous race of 1989, an Australian finished third. Five years later, he became the first non-American to win this event. The six-time winner of the previous question finished second that year, at the age of forty. The career of our Australian winner was cut short when he was struck with heart attack-like symptoms in the 1999 Hawaii Iron Man. His name?his great American asportsmanost the hegemony over this race, is one of the most epic battles in the history of t

 

Greg Welch (5/32)

 

Chemical and social science

 

4a

In 1954, this American chemist discovered the chemical pathways of photosynthesis, for which he later received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. The series of biochemical reactions taking place in the chloroplasts of photosynthetic organisms (carbon fixation) is named after him the “… cycle”. His name?

 

Melvin Calvin (4/32)

 

4b

This 34 years old Canadian journalist has become an icon of the anti-globalization movement with her book No logo. Her name?

 

Naomi Klein (27/32)

 

History

 

5a

In 1632, the marquis d’Effiat, a friend of cardinal Richelieu, died. The cardinal took his 12 year old son under his protection and introduced him to Louis XIII and he became the king’s favourite. Very soon, this man tried to convince the king to have Richelieu executed. With the Spanish king Philip IV he signed a secret treaty by which Philip promised to aid the rebellion with arms and troops. A copy of the document fell into Richelieu's hands and he was arrested, convicted of treason and beheaded. Alfred de Vigny wrote a novel on him and Charles Gounod created an opera of the same name. What name?

 

Henri Coiffier de Ruze, Marquis de Cinq-Mars (9/32)

 

5b

What was the precise date of the murder on Julius Caesar? Day, month and year.

 

March 15, 44 BC (25/32)

 

Film

 

6a

Not far from Shanghai, in a country town, Old Master Pang brings up his beautiful daughter Ruyi (played by Gong Li) on opium smoke. Her older brother, Zhengda, is poisoned by his brother-in-law, Zhongliang, who flees and becomes a successful gigolo in Shanghai. When Older Master Pang dies, Ruyi takes over the role as the head of the household. Zhongliang returns to the Pang family, re-encounters Ruyi, and they are secretly attracted to each other. This is the plot summary of a film by Chen Kaige (1996). What’s the title?

 

Temptress moon (Feng yue) (6/32)

 

6b

This Spanish director, born in 1946 in Barcelona is a self-declared bisexual. This theme is rather prominent in many of his films. Some titles may make this clearer: Jamón, jamón (Ham ham), Huevos de oro (Golden balls), La teta y la luna (The tit and the moon), Bámbola, La femme de chambre du Titanic (The chambermaid on the Titanic) and Son de mar (Sound of the sea). His name?

 

José Juan Bigas Luna (13/32)

 

Architecture

 

7a

This Austrian architect was born in Penzing, near Vienna in 1841. With Gustav Klimt, Josef Olbrich, Josef Hoffmann and Koloman Moser he founded the artist group "Vienna Secession" in 1897. Among his most outstanding works are the Wiener Stadtbahn, the Postsparkasse, the Steinhofkirche and the Majolicahaus (see picture), all of them in Vienna. Which architect?

 

Otto Wagner (16/32)

 

7b

In 1892, this engineer proposed to construct an international railroad spanning the Bering Strait between Alaska and Russia. This dream never came true, but he continued dreaming of building the biggest thing of its kind that a man could build. In 1919, the city of San Francisco's city approached him about bridging the Golden Gate. Construction of the bridge took four and half years. Charles Ellis and Leon Moissieff worked out the engineering challenges of building the bridge but the man we’re looking for was the chief engineer and was responsible for the beautiful design of the Golden Gate Bridge. Can you tell us the name of this engineer, who died within a year after the bridge’s construction?

 

Joseph Baerman Strauss (14/32)

 

Mythology

 

8a

This daughter of Inachus was a priestess of Hera. Zeus fell in love with her and, to protect her from the wrath of Hera, changed her into a cow. Hera set Argos, who had many eyes over his body, to watch her, but he was killed by Hermes. Hera then sent a gadfly to bother her. She therefore wandered all over the earth, crossed the sea named after her, swam the strait that was thereafter known as the Bosporus, and at last reached Egypt, where she was restored to her original form and became the mother of Epaphus. A satellite of Jupiter is named after her. Her name?

 

Io (27/32)

 

8b

This Mesopotamian god of fresh water was a member of the triad of gods with Anu and Bel (Enlil). His Sumerian name was Enki and he was worshiped in the city of Eridu. He was commonly represented as a half-goat, half-fish creature, from which the modern astrological figure for Capricorn is derived. He was also the god of ritual purification and is important in Akkadian mythology as the father of Marduk, the national god of Babylon. What’s his Akkadian name?

 

Ea (14/32)

 

Fauna

 

9a

This group of tailless Indo-Malay primates are found in forested regions and may be recognized by their soft, grey or brown fur, huge eyes encircled by dark patches and shortened index fingers. They are arboreal and nocturnal, curling up to sleep by day. They move with great deliberation and often hang by their feet with their hands free to gain holds on branches or to grasp food. The slender one of India and Sri Lanka is about 20–25 centimetres long, the slow ones are more robust and have shorter, stouter limbs, more rounded snouts, and smaller eyes and ears. They are found in Southeast Asia and the Malay Peninsula. Their common name?

 

(Slender and slow) Loris (18/32)

 

9b

This group of small to medium sized parrots consists of 53 species, some of them with short tails, others with a longer, pointed tail. All have a slender, wavy-edged beak and a brush-tipped tongue for extracting nectar from flowers and juices from fruits. They live in Australia and the Pacific Islands. We ask you again their common name?

 

Lories or lorikeets (19/32)

 

10. Music

 

Two fragments: who do you hear?

 

10a

Shakespeare’s Sister with Stay (22/32)

 

10b

Cocteau Twins with Wax and wane (16/32)

 

Round 6: Link Round

 

In the link round, we’ll give you a sheet with 10 pictures. These 10 pictures are in fact the answers to the 10 questions we are going to ask. For instance, if we ask you who sang Wuthering heights and you can see a picture of George Bush on your sheet, then you know his picture was leading you to the answer Kate Bush.

 

1. Historian

We’re looking for one of the most famous British historians. He lived from 1737 to 1794 and is famous for his The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, published between 1776 and 1788. The way he treated the rise of Christianity in this work caused a lot of criticism. As he remarks himself in his work (I have described the triumph of barbarism and religion), his view was rather pessimistic. He described more than thousand years of decline in political and intellectual freedom. Nowadays, f.i. his treatment of the history of the Byzantine empire as one of continuous decay has been left, but he is still considered as one of the most important authors on this subject. By the way, he seems to have been as ugly as his name suggests. His name?

 

Edward Gibbon (31/32)

 

2. Film

Maelstrom (2000) is probably the first romantic drama ever narrated by a smelly dead fish. It tells the story of Bibiane, a depressed young woman who falls in love with the son of the man she killed in a hit-and-run accident. Who was the Canadian director of this movie?

 

Denis Villeneuve (15/32)

 

3. Physics

In fluid mechanics, this is a criterion of whether fluid (liquid or gas) flow is absolutely steady (streamlined, or laminar) or on the average steady with small unsteady fluctuations (turbulent). Whenever the number is less than about 2,000, flow in a pipe is generally laminar, whereas, at values greater than 2,000, flow is usually turbulent. In 1883, a British engineer and physicist, demonstrated that the transition from laminar to turbulent flow in a pipe depends upon the value of a mathematical quantity equal to the average velocity of flow times the diameter of the tube times the mass density of the fluid divided by its absolute viscosity. This mathematical quantity became known as …

 

Reynolds number (from Osborne Reynolds) (15/32)

 

4. Concubine

This woman served as a maid to Abraham's childless wife, Sarah. She gave her to Abraham to conceive an heir. She became pregnant, and bore a child, Ishmael. After the birth of Isaac, the son of Abraham with his wife Sarah, she was sent into the desert with her son. The Jews believe that Ishmael was the ancestor of a number of Bedouin peoples of southern Palestine and some do connect him with Muhammad. But what was the name of the mother of Ishmael? The painting is by Claude Lorrain.

 

Hagar (30/32)

 

5. Ancient art

You see an ancient Greek vessel used for diluting wine with water. It usually stood on a tripod in the dining room, where wine was mixed. They are usually large, with a broad body and base and a wide mouth. They were made of metal or pottery and were often painted or elaborately ornamented. What’s the Greek name for this kind of vessel?

 

Krater (24/32)

 

6. Dallas

I guess most of you have recognised the man next to Patrick Duffy as Jock Ewing, father of Bobby and J.R. in the famous TV-series Dallas. What’s the name of the actor who played this role from the beginning in 1978 until his death 26th April 1981?

 

Jim Davis (28/32)

 

7. Zebra & antilope

We’re looking for the name of two animals. The first is one of several sub-species of the Burchell’s or plains zebra. They inhabit savannahs, plains, and in some cases mountainous regions. They live from Southern Sudan and eastern Africa to the upper Zambesi. The sub-species is distinguished from other plains zebras by the presence of leg striping down to the hooves and broad stripes on a white background.

The other animal is a large, pale, fawn-coloured gazelle with long legs. They can weigh up to 90 kg and have rather long horns. Cheetahs and African hunting dogs are the most prevalent enemies. Both animals are named after a Scotsman who spent considerable time in Africa with Speke searching for the source of the Nile. Primarily a botanist, he discovered some new species in what is now Tanzania.

 

Grant’s zebra and Grant’s gazelle (after James Augustus Grant) (21/32)

 

8. Glacier

This is the largest glacier in the world, measuring up to 80 km in width and more than 500 km in length. As such, it drains one-fifth of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet and contributes over 35 km2 of ice to Prydz Bay, via the Amery Ice Shelf, each year. What’s this glacier called?

 

Lambert Glacier (16/32)

 

9. Literature

This son of a schoolmaster was born in 1900 and found literary success at the age of 20 with his first novel, Catherine Herself. The following years were less successful, but after Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1934) became widely popular, Lost Horizon was quickly reissued and also attracted wide readerships. It is the story of an Englishman who finds paradise in the Tibetan valley of Shangri-La. The term Shangri-La, for a remote, utopian land, is derived from this novel. A later success was Random Harvest. Which author?

 

James Hilton (27/32)

 

10. Popmusic

The name of this band, playing Wishful thinking, a song of 1983?

 

China Crisis (25/32)

 

Round 7

 

1. Film

We would like to point out that Gent has a brilliant filmfestival, even an international one. Hence this international film question. We are looking for a Japanse leading actor. Born in 1937, he acted amongst many others in the following movies: the Ballad of Narayama, Mishima, The pillow book and more recently in Man walking on snow, a film by Masahiro Kobayashi and Izo by Takashi Miike. Which actor?

 

Ken Ogata (Brodders and Kwizona)

 

2. Major city

This is probably the less known really big city in the world, or at least in our part of the world. It is one of the four municipalities directly under the Central Government in China, located in the northeast of the North China Plain and the closest seaport to Beijing, lying 100 km west of the capital. The city covers an area of 11.000 square kilometres. It has a population of 10 million inhabitants and is the 3rd largest city of China after Beijing and Shanghai. What city?

 

Tianjin (Tientsin, T’ien-ching) (11/32)

 

3. Mathematics

Continue: 0   4   18   48   100   …

 

180 (1³-1² =0, 2³-2²= 4, …, 6³-6²=180) (24/32)

 

4. Painting

She is the latest phenomenon of the New York art scene. The large-scale abstract works of this painter have already been compared to those of Pollock, Miró, Klee and Kandinsky. 'Four' her latest exhibition opened at Anthony Brunelli Fine Arts, one of Central New York's premier galleries, in August 2004. The exhibition attracted an unprecedented number of people at the opening and all 24 paintings were sold at prices of up to 6000 US $. The picture which is shown here is titled Darlene's bikini. Remarkable is that she was born in February, 2000. Her name? If you don't know this girl and you find this question a bit far-fetched you can also answer with the name of the architect who was responsible for the design and development of Central Park in New York together with Calvert Vaux.

 

Marla Olmstead (the architect of Central Park is Frederick Olmsted) (8/32)

 

5. NBA

In last year’s final, the Detroit Pistons managed to end the reign of the LA Lakers. Although Chauncey Billups got the honour to be chosen as Most Valuable Player of the play-offs, these two players played also a very important role. One is the power forward of the team and one of the best defensive players of the league on that position. He played many seasons for Portland. The other is the center of the team and a real defensive monster. They share the same name – which name?

 

Rasheed and Ben Wallace (15/32)

 

6. Literature

With works like The Violent Land, Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon and Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands, this was possibly the most famous Brazilian author of the 20th century. Membership of the communist party forced him into exile, but he returned in 1952. Many of his stories pictured the life of the black and mulatto communities of Salvador (where he died in 2001) and other cities of Bahia, always mixing social concern with humour. His name?

 

Jorge Amado (11/32)

 

7. Cartoons

This is France's new comic-strip hero. The boy is fascinated but bewildered by the world of teenagers, which he knows he must enter soon. Some 11 million books have been sold since the appearance of the first album (of already 10), God, Sex and Suspenders, in 1993. Its creator is the Swiss Philippe Chappuis, better known as Zep. But what’s the name of this hero, reminding of the shape of his head?

 

Titeuf (means Little egg) (15/32)

 

8. History

In 1591 the son of Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible died mysteriously while still a child. After the death in 1598 of his brother, Fyodor, the Rurik dynasty came to an end. Fyodor was succeeded by his brother-in-law Boris Godunov. Soon the first pretender stood up to claim the throne as the mysteriously disappeared prince. In 1605, after the sudden death of Tsar Boris, he took Moscow and was proclaimed tsar but he was soon murdered. Between 1606 and 1612, two other pretenders, the ‘Thief of Tushino’ and ‘Thief of Pskov’ tried their luck. Which name do these three pretenders share?

 

False Dimitri (also Pseudo-Demetrius) (15/32)

 

9. Underground scene

We are looking for a term for a life without smoking, drinking, drugs, or promiscuous sex (sex with multiple partners). The term was birthed during the early days of the Washington D.C. hardcore scene by Ian MacKaye of the early 80's Minor Threat (It was the title of one of his songs). A common symbol is an X on their hand. Today it has become a sort of underground scene of its own and there are lots of bands that have called themselves that way. Which term for walking the line between good and evil?

 

Straight Edge (13/32)

 

10. Music

The name of this band? You can hear Merchandise from the CD Repeater.

 

Fugazi (the band formed by Ian MacKaye after Minor Threat) (7/32)

 

Globo:

 

11. Ancient city

You are looking at the picture of a monument commemorating the battle of Stalingrad. Nowadays, this city is called Volgograd. But what was the name of that city from 1598 until 1925?

 

Tsaritsyn (21/32)

 

12. Hotel

The building of this famous hotel and casino in Las Vegas began in 1965. It became a real boxing temple, with Joe Louis working there as a greeter until his death in 1981. Sugar Ray Leonard, Thomas Hearns, Larry Holmes, Marvin Hagler and Mike Tyson fought some of their most memorable boxing matches there. In 1981 and 1982, the decisive last grand prix formula 1 was held on the parking lot of this hotel. The name of this casino and hotel, also famous for its Roman opulence?

 

Caesar’s Palace (31/32)

 

13. Gastronomy

This is an Austrian traditional recipe: sugared pancakes with raisins, sprinkled with powdered sugar and often served with plum or apple puree. It’s name?

 

Kaiserschmarren (25/32)

 

Round 8

 

1. Jazz

We would like to point out that Gent has a brilliant summer jazz festival, the Blue Note Jazz Festival. Hence this question. We are also a big fan of François Mitterand. His Et alors as an answer on questions about his illegitimate daughter is just brilliant. Miles Davis though, was years ahead. His So what became a real jazz-classic. And also the record on which So what appeared became a classic one. The recordings took place in 1959. Other musicians involved: Cannonball Adderly, Paul Chambers and John Coltrane. The title of this colourful record please?

 

Kind of blue (13/32)

 

2. Greek mythology

She was the personification of executrix of justice and revenge. In the Greek tragedies she appears chiefly as the avenger of crime and the punisher of hubris. So, Ian Kershaw named the first part of his biography of Hitler Hubris, the second…

 

Nemesis (25/32)

 

3. Cycling

Next to football, cycling is definitely the most popular sport in Belgium. For decades only a few countries ruled this sport: Belgium, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland… In 1978, a 22-year old Russian came to the West to win the Tour de l’Avenir and the next year he repeated this success. It was the beginning of globalisation in cycling. The following years, we saw the Colombian Alberto Flores and the American Greg LeMond winning this race. Meanwhile, our Russian had won gold in the individual road race at the Olympic Games in Moscow and he also was twice victorious in the Peace Race. His name?

 

Sergei Sukhoruchenkov (the painting is by Goncharova) (11/32)

 

4. Sex

Even before a man ejaculates, there’s some liquid coming out of the penis. This liquid guides the sperm through the penis. Through this liquid some sperm reaches the vagina of the woman before a man even comes. In other words: dangerous stuff. The liquid and the gland in which it is produced are named after an English surgeon (1666-1709). We’re asking you the name of this liquid or of the gland. 

 

Cowper’s Liquid (after William Cowper) (4/32)

 

5. History

Winnie Mandela formed The Mandela United Football Team, a kind of bodyguard gang that was responsible for several crimes. In 1989 Muketsi Seipei, a fourteen years old boy, was tortured and murdered by this football team. Winnie Mandela was accused of the murder, but her six-year jail sentence was reduced to a fine on appeal. Under what name is this Muketsi Seipei more widely known?

 

Stompie (28/32)

 

6. Games

The original version of this game was released on the PC in early 1998. In 2001, the third version introduced a 3D engine. It was played on the Playstation 2 console and became an instant success. The following games in the series, Vice City, and San Andreas, continued to conquer the world. We ask you for the title of this series of games, where all the fun is in committing crimes and escaping the police. It is also the title of the first movie directed by Ron Howard.

 

Grand Theft Auto (22/32)

 

7. Sculpture

We are showing you a picture of Die Knieende (Duisburg, 1911), a work by one of the most important sculptors of the Expressionist movement in Germany. He is best known for the pathos of his sculptures of elongated nudes. And we ask you his name.

 

Wilhelm Lehmbruck (11/32)

 

8. Geography

This inlet of the Indian Ocean, in Western Australia, was explored for the first time in 1616 by the Dutch navigator Dirk Hartog. The bay was named by the pirate William Dampier after something that is very numerous out there. The Marine Park with the same name was designated a World Heritage Area in 1991. It is home to many endangered species of both plants and animals. The name of that bay?

 

Shark Bay (6/32)

 

9. Mughal literature

The work whose name we are looking for is an artistic masterpiece created about 1558-1573 under the Mughal emperor Akbar. It originally comprised 1400 canvas folios. The folios were arranged in 14 volumes, each kept in a large box. On one side of most folios is a painting, on the other side is Arabic text. The work tells us the adventures of an old Persian hero, an uncle of the prophet Muhammad, adventures which were orally transmitted from the 9th century onwards. Today the known remains consist of about 170 folios, spread out among art collections around the world. The name of this work, named after the old Persian hero?

 

Hamzanama (after Amir Hamza) (solo jury)

 

10. Music

Recently, the T-shirt with the Iron Maiden-mascotte has been chosen as the all-time favourite music T-shirt in a poll of thousands of people who were asked to choose from a shortlist of more than 30 all-time classic shirts. Second was Joy Division with the Unknown Pleasures-shirt, third Nirvana with the Nevermind smiley face. What’s the name of this mascotte? It has graced the sleeve of almost every release of the band for the last 25 year.

 

Eddie (19/32)

 

Globo: Good appetite!

 

11. Investor

As a child, this man seems to have shown already the capacities that made him rich and famous many years later. At only six years old, he purchased 6-packs of Coca Cola from his grandfather's grocery store for twenty five cents and resold each of the bottles for a nickel, pocketing a five cent profit. Born in 1930 in Omaha, he later returned to his native city and took majority control of Berkshire Hathaway Inc., his primary investment company. He is widely considered the most successful investor of the 20th century. What’s the name of “The oracle of Omaha”, second richest man of the world with a fortune of $41.0 billion?

 

Warren Buffett (27/32)

 

12. Film

In this film, directed by Stanley Kramer, a liberal couple played by Spencer Tracy and Katherine Hepburn, suffer a few doubts when their daughter (Katherine Houghton) brings home a fiancé who is black (Sidney Poitier). Spencer Tracy died 17 days after the filming was completed and Katherine Hepburn won an Oscar as best actress in a leading role. In 1967, the idea of a bi-racial marriage was still fairly shocking and thus the film was controversial in its day. The title of the film?

 

Guess who’s coming to dinner (31/32)

 

13. Underground art, music and film

Through music, books, spoken word performances, film, video, photography, poetry, this artist has been one of the most remarkable figures of the New York underground-scene throughout the eighties and nineties. Born in 1959, she commenced in 1976 as primal screamer and guitar guerrilla for the "no-wave" band Teenage Jesus and the Jerk. Later she worked with The Birthday Party, Sonic Youth, Einstürzende Neubauten and Jim Thirlwell. She also made some shocking underground films with Richard Kern, such as The right side of my brain and Fingered. Her spoken word pieces are autobiographical and cruel in their detail. Her name? You can hear her singing on Death valley ’69 by Sonic Youth.

 

Lydia Lunch (15/32)

 

Round 9: Super Round

 

Because of lack of time, these questions haven’t been asked.

In the super round you have the choice to answer the easy 1 point question, the tough 2 point question or the very hard 3 point question. You may only answer one of these 3 questions for every subject.

 

1. New-testamentic football

 

1a

This very famous German player was in the squad who won the European Championship in 1980 and two years later he made his World Cup debut. He played 5 World Cups, won that cup in 1990 and set a record with 25 appearances in the World Cup matches. His name?

 

Lothar Matthäus

 

1b

At the end of July 2000, the former vice-president took office after winning an election to replace Josep Luis Nuñez as president of FC Barcelona. One of the first things to happen was the departure of Barça’s keystone player Luis Figo to Real Madrid. New bought players like Overmars, Petit, Gerard and Rochemback all disappointed. When he finally took the risk to call Louis Van Gaal back en this risk proved to be a failure, the white handkerchiefs forced him to resign. Who was this chairman with a lot of bad luck?

 

Joan Gaspart

 

1c

This player was eight times top scorer in Cyprus's first division during the seventies and eighties. His greatest campaign was 1976/77, when he scored 44 league goals and won the Golden Shoe as European topscorer. His name?

 

Sotiris Kaiafas

 

2. Beastie battles

 

2a

For one point, we’re asking you the name of two battles in the American Civil War, fought in the summers of 1861 and 1862 at a small stream near Manassas. Both battles gave military advantage to the Confederacy. The name of the river, please?

 

Bull Run

 

2b

After his successes of the first years of the Punic wars, Hannibal had been struck in a defensive position in southern Italy. In 208 Hasdrubal, his brother, crossed the Alps to go to Hannibal's aid. But the next year, the consuls Marcus Livius Salinator and Claudius Nero defeated and slew Hasdrubal before he could reach his brother, his head being thrown into Hannibal's camp. At what river did this battle take place?

 

Metaurus (Metauro, Metro)

 

2c

Afonso V O Africano, king of Portugal, married the young daughter of Henry IV of Castile, Juana la Beltraneja, and assumed the title of king of Castile after the death of Henry in 1474. He was able to control half of Castile for a while, but was defeated near a Spanish town in 1476 by Isabella, another daughter of Henry, and her husband Ferdinand, ‘los Reyes Católicos’. He was so distressed he announced he would abdicate and become a hermit in France. He signed the Treaty of Alcáçovas abandoning any claim to Castile. Maybe he foresaw what this united kingdom of Spain would cause to the world the following century. Nearby what town was this battle fought? It lies along the north bank of the Duero east of Zamora and is known for its red wine.

 

Toro

 

3. Not only birds fly

 

3a

An easy one. On December 17, 1903, Orville and Wilbur Wright had their first manned flight at Kill Devil Hills, near a village that has become famous since that date. The name of this village?

 

Kitty Hawk

 

3b

After achieving the first human-powered flight in 1977, Paul MacCready created another aircraft that, with DuPont sponsorship, achieved a human-powered flight across the English Channel by "pilot-engine" Bryan Allen in 1979. The flight took almost three hours. Can you give us the name of that plane?

 

Gossamer Albatross

 

3c

In 1884, two inventors and military officers in the French Army Corps of Engineers, built an airship, La France, which was the first airship that could return to its starting point in a light wind. The first flight took place in 1884. They landed successfully at the parade ground where they had begun, a flight of only 8 kilometres and 23 minutes but one they had been in control of throughout the flight. During 1884 and 1885, La France made seven flights. If you can give us one of the two names, you’ll be rewarded with three points.

 

Charles Renard & Arthur Krebs

 

4. Japanese motorgang

 

4a

We are looking for a Japanese fashion-designer, born in 1943. Thanks to our man, the interest in Japanese fashion went sky-high. He combined his knowledge of the European market with the Japanese traditions. Characteristic are his minimalism and the drapery. In 1981 he had his first show in Paris. The man inspired Wim Wenders for his movie Aufzeichnungen zu Kleidern und Städten from 1989. The name of this man please?

 

Yohji Yamamoto

 

4b

Born in 1952, this Japanese actor, composer and musician formed his technopop ensemble Yellow Magic orchestra in 1978 and started a series of film soundtracks in 1983 with Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence. His subsequent score for Bernardo Bertolucci's The Last Emperor won him an Oscar. Which multi-talented Japanese are we looking for?

 

Ryuichi Sakamoto

 

4c

We hope you all know this Japanese genius. We give you three reasons why you should know him: he was the creator of Donkey Kong, Super Mario and Zelda. His name?

 

Shigeru Miyamoto

 

5. Af/Ri/Ka

 

5a

You can earn one point if you know the name of the great African valley stretching from the Jordan River and the Dead Sea over the Red Sea and Lake Turkana to Beira in Mozambique, with a western branch from Lake Albert to Lake Nyassa. It is a 6,500 km crack in the earth's crust, formed by violent subterranean forces that separated Africa and the Arabian Peninsula some 30,000,000 years ago. It has been accompanied by extensive volcanism along parts of its length, producing such massifs as Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya.

 

Rift Valley

 

5b

Djibouti was known under a different name before gaining independence from France in 1977? It was a French territory and was named after the two most important people living there. What name, or who are those two people?

 

(Territory of the) Afar and Issa

 

5c

This waterfall on the lower Victoria Nile River in northwest Uganda, 30 km east of Lake Albert drops about 120 m in a series of three cascades. The initial fall of 40 m is generally recognized as the waterfall we’re asking you for. The cataract forms the central feature of a National Park, established in 1952, of rolling grassland. The name, please?

 

Kabalega or Kabarega Falls (Murchison Falls)

 

6. Not films for all season

 

6a

In 2003, this British director won the Golden Berlin Bear for In this world. We’ll give you also some other titles: Welcome to Sarajevo and Wonderland. His name?

 

Michael Winterbottom

 

6b

Beautiful violin virtuoso Camille (played by Emmanuelle Béart) has two obsessions: the music of Ravel, and Stéphane (Daniel Auteuil), a friend of her husband Maxime (André Dussollier) who crafts violins. But his heart seems to be as cold as her playing is passionate. What’s the title of this story about a ménage à trois by Claude Sautet, dating back from 1991?

 

Un coeur en hiver (A heart in winter)

 

6c

After a long night in the local bar, Rene steals Marco's car and gets into a car crash with local farmer Theo, whose daughter, after being in a coma for a time, dies. Rene suffers from partial short term memory loss, Marco is looking for the man who stole his car and Theo - for the man who killed his daughter. For three points, we’re asking you the title of this film by Tom Tykwer, released in 1997.

 

Winterschläfer (Winter sleepers)

 

7. Colourful painters

 

7a

We are showing you The Allegory of Luxury (1545, National Gallery London) by an Italian mannerist painter and we ask you simply his name.

 

Agnolo Bronzino

 

7b

This French painter lived from 1619 to 1690 and was the main painter at the court of Louis XIV. He decorated Vaux-le-Vicomte and Versailles. His first commission from Louis XIV dates from 1661, when he painted the first of a series of subjects from the life of Alexander the Great. On the picture, you can see The triumph of Alexander. His organisational capacities were even greater than his artistic abilities. He was appointed director of the Gobelins and director of the Academy of Painting and Sculpture. The name of this painter?

 

Charles Le Brun

 

7c

This Dutch painter is the great church painter of the second half of the seventeenth century. He is famous for the interiors of such Amsterdam buildings as the Nieuwe Kerk (New Church), the Oude Kerk (Old Church, see picture) and the Portuguese Synagogue. What’s his name?

 

Emanuel de Witte

 

8. Musical science

 

8a

In mathematics it is a point where a mathematical function goes to infinity or is in certain other ways ill-behaved. In astronomy it is an infinity occurring in an astrophysical model, involving infinite curvature in the space/time continuum. The Big Bang cosmological model of the universe contains such an infinity at the start of time, the density of the universe and the curvature of space-time being infinite. Which term has these two specific meanings?

 

Singularity

 

8b

This German mathematician created about 1870 the modern set theory (Mengenlehre) and introduced the mathematically meaningful concept of transfinite numbers, including the cardinal and ordinal number classes. He died in a hospital in Halle in 1918, impoverished and afflicted by mental illness. His name?

 

Georg Cantor

 

8c

In 1994, Fermat’s Last Theorem was proved by Andrew Wiles, a British mathematician. The man we are looking for wrote a book about this: Fermat's Enigma: The Epic Quest to Solve the World's Greatest Mathematical Problem. He also directed a succesful television documentary on this subject. He is specialized in writing about mathematical and scientific topics in an accessible manner. Other works include The Code Book and Big Bang. The name of this British author of Indian born parents?

 

Simon Singh

 

9. Russian literature from dark till twilight

 

There is no link in this set of three questions, except for the titles of the works!

 

9a Night

This Russian writer took as a pseudonym the Russian word for bitter. He first wrote a series of short stories and plays, the most famous of which is Na dnje (The Lower Depths, Nachtasyl in German and Dutch). He became the undisputed leader of Soviet writers and the first president of the Soviet Writers' Union in 1934. At the same time, he helped to found the literary method of Socialist Realism. He died in 1936. His native city Nizhny Novgorod was named after him. Under which name has this Russian writer become famous?

 

Maksim Gorky (Aleksey Peshkov)

 

9b Sunset

This Soviet short-story writer was born into a Jewish family and served in the Cossack First Cavalry Army and as a soldier in the war with Poland. Out of that campaign came the group of stories known as Konarmiya (Red Cavalry). He also wrote some plays, such as Zakat (Sunset). In May 1939 he was arrested, and he died in a prison camp in Siberia. After Stalin's death in 1953, he was rehabilitated, and his stories were again published in the Soviet Union. His name?

 

Isaac Babel

 

9c Evening

She is considered one of the finest 20th-century poets in the Russian language. Her first collection of poetry, Vecherny albom (Evening Album), appeared in 1910. She left the Soviet Union in 1922, going to Paris. There she published several volumes of poetry, increasingly reflecting a deepening nostalgia for Russia. At the end of the '30s her husband returned to the Soviet Union, taking their daughter with him. In 1939 she followed them, but the evacuation of Moscow during World War II sent her to Yelabuga and she committed suicide in 1941. Both her husband and daughter later became victims of Stalin's terror. Who was this tragic figure in Russian literature?

 

Marina Tsvetayeva

 

10. Not Earth, wind and fire music

 

Three fragments: who do you hear?

 

10a

 

Billy Ocean with When the going gets tough

 

10b

 

Crystal Waters with Gypsy woman

 

10c

 

Fountains of Wayne with Stacy’s mom