Pliocene Protobranchia and Pteriomorphia in Belgium

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Distribution of the Pliocene bivalvia in Belgium Part II

All species, collected in the Pliocene of Belgium are listed in the table below, even when they have not (yet) been found.
 

 K = Kattendijk Formation, level unspecified

 Ob = Oorderen Sand Member, basal crag.

 Ks = Kruisschans Sand Member.
 KP = Kattendijk Formation, Petaloconchus bed  OA = Oorderen Sand Member, Atrina bed  M = Merksem Sand
 L = Luchtbal Sand Member.  OC = Oorderen Sand Member, Cultellus bed  R = Recent
       OAb = Oorderen Sand Member, Angulus benedeni bed  

 
Classis Bivalvia Linnaeus, 1758
 Kb  KP   L   Ob  OA  OC OAb Ks   M    H    R  
 
Subclassis Heterodonta Neumayr, 1884
           
 
Ordo Veneroida H. & A. Adams, 1856
           
 
Superfamilia Lucinoidea Fleming, 1828
           
 
Familia Lucinidae Fleming, 1828
           
 
Subfamilia Myrteinae Chavan, 1969
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Lucinoma Dall, 1901
           
 
Lucinoma (Lucinoma) borealis borealis (Linnaeus, 1767)
 x x x x x x x x   x
 
Subfamilia Lucininae Fleming, 1828
           
 
Genus Parvilucina Dall, 1901
           
 
Subgenus Cavilinga Chavan, 1937
           
 
Parvilucina (Cavilinga) scaldensis (Glibert & Van de Poel, 1967)
  x x x x x x x   
 
Genus and subgenus Ctena Mörch, 1861
           
 
Ctena (Ctena) decorata (Wood, 1851)
   x  x x     
 
Familia Thyasiridae Dall, 1901
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Thyasira Leach in Lamarck, 1818
           
 
Thyasira (Thyasira) flexuosa (Montagu, 1803)
  x         
 
Genus and subgenus Leptaxinus Verril & Busch, 1898
           
 
Leptaxinus (Leptaxinus) ferruginosum (Forbes, 1844)
  x         
 
Familia Ungulinidae H. & A. Adams, 1857
           
 
Genus and subgenus Diplodonta Bronn, 1851
           
 
Diplodonta (Diplodonta) rotundata (Montagu, 1803)
  x x x       
 
Subgenus Zemysina Finlay, 1926
           
 
Diplodonta (Zemysina) brocchii (Deshayes, 1850)
  x x x x x x    
 
Genus and subgenus Felaniella Dall, 1899
           
 
Felaniella (Felaniella) astartea (Nyst, 1835)
    x x x x x   
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Superfamilia Leptonoidea Gray, 1847
           
 
Familia Erycinidae Gray, 1847
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Scacchia Philippi, 1844
           
 
Scacchia (Scacchia) elliptica (Scacchi, 1833)
     x x     
 
Genus and subgenus Semierycina De Monterosato in Cossmann, 1911
           
 
Semierycina (Semierycina) kautskyi (Glibert, 1945)
  x x x x x x x   
 
Semierycina (Semierycina) nitida (Turton, 1822)
   x x x x     
 
Genus and subgenus Erycina Lamarck, 1805
           
 
Erycina (Erycina) depressa (Nyst, 1835)
  x x        
 
Familia Kelliidae Forbes & Hanley, 1844
           
 
Genus Kellia Turton, 1822
           
 
Kellia suborbicularis (Montagu, 1803)
  x x        
 
Genus and subgenus Aligena Lea, 1846
           
 
Aligena (Aligena) orbicularis (Wood, 1851)
  x         
 
Genus and subgenus Bornia Philippi, 1836
           
 
Bornia (Bornia) deltoidea (Wood, 1851)
     x x     
 
Familia Montacutidae Clark, 1855
           
 
Genus Montacuta Turton, 1822
           
 
Montacuta substriata (Montagu, 1808)
   x  x x     
 
Genus Tellimya Brown, 1827
           
 
Tellimya ferruginosa (Montagu, 1808)
  x x        
 
Genus Mioerycina Kautsky, 1939
           
 
Subgenus Phascoliophila Nordsieck, 1969
           
 
Mioerycina (Phascoliophila) coarctata (Wood, 1851)
  x x x x x  x   
 
Genus and Subgenus Mysella Angas, 1877
           
 
Mysella (Mysella) bidentata (Montagu, 1803)
 x x x x x x     
 
Familia Galeommatidae Gray, 1840
           
 
Genus Laseina Cossmann, 1912
           
 
Laseina ambigua (Nyst & Westendorp, 1839)
  x x  x x     
 
Laseina cf. farnesiniana (Cerulli-Irelli, 1910)
   x   x     
 
Superfamily Carditoidea Fleming, 1820
           
 
Familia Carditidae Fleming, 1820
           
 
Subfamilia Carditamerinae Chavan in Moore, 1969
           
 
Genus Glans Megerle, 1811
           
 
Subgenus Centrocardita Sacco, 1899
           
 
Glans (Centrocardita) ampla (Chavan & Coatman, 1943)
  x x x       
 
Glans (Centrocardita) scaldensis (Glibert, 1957)
   x x       
 
Genus and subgenus Cyclocardia Conrad, 1867
           
 
Cyclocardia (Cyclocardia) orbicularis orbicularis (J. Sowerby, 1825)
  x x        
 
Cyclocardia (Cyclocardia) orbicularis chamaeformis (J. Sowerby, 1825)
   x x x x     
 
Subgenus Scalaricardita Sacco, 1889
           
 
Cyclocardia (Scalaricardita) scalaris (J. Sowerby, 1825)
   x x x x x x   
 
Subfamilia Miodomeridinae Chavan in Moore, ed., 1969
           
 
Genus Pteromeris Conrad, 1862
           
 
Subgenus Coripia De Gregorio, 1885
           
 
Pteromeris (Coripia) corbis (Philippi, 1836)
   x x       
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Superfamily Condylocardiinae F. Bernard, 1897
           
 
Familia Condylocardiidae F. Bernard, 1897
           
 
Genus Glibertia Van der Meulen, 1951
           
 
Glibertia prosperi Van der Meulen, 1951
   x  x x     
 
Genus Erycinella Conrad, 1845
           
 
Erycinella pygmaea Wood, 1871
  x x        
 
Superfamilia Crassatelloidea Férussac, 1822
           
 
Familia Astartidae d'Orbigny, 1814
           
 
Genus Isocrassina Chavan, 1950
           
 
Isocrassina basteroti (De la Jonkaire, 1823)
  x x x x x x    
 
Isocrassina omalii (De la Jonkaire, 1823)
  x x x       
 
Isocrassina bipartita (J. Sowerby, 1826)
   x x       
   x x        
 
Isocrassina mutabilis (Wood, 1853)
  x         
 
Isocrassina altenai (Spaink, 1972)
   x  x      
 
Genus Carinastarte Hinsch, 1952
           
 
Carinastarte trigonata (Nyst, 1881)
 x x         
 
Genus and subgenus Astarte J. Sowerby, 1816
           
 
Astarte (Astarte) incerta Wood, 1853
   x x x x x x   
 
Astarte (Astarte) corbuloides De la Jonkaire, 1823
  x x        
 
Astarte (Astarte) galeotti Nyst, 1835
  x         
 
Subgenus Digitariopsis Chavan, 1952
           
 
Astarte (Digitariopsis) obliquata obliquata J. Sowerby, 1817
   x x x x x x   
 
Astarte (Digitariopsis) obliquata burtinea De la Jonkaire, 1823
  x         
 
Genus Digitaria Wood, 1853
           
 
Digitaria excurrens excurrens (Wood, 1853)
  x x        
 
Digitaria digitaria (Linnaeus, 1758)
  x x x x x x x   
 
Digitaria forbesi (Wood, 1874)
  x x   x     
 
Genus and subgenus Goodallia Turton, 1822
           
 
Goodallia (Goodallia) triangularis (Montagu, 1803)
  x x x x x     
 
Goodallia (Goodallia) parvula (Wood, 1853)
   x        
 
Goodallia (Goodallia) pseudopygmaea (Glibert, 1957)
   x        
 
Superfamily Cardioidea Lamarck, 1809
           
 
Familia Cardiidae Lamarck, 1809
           
 
Subfamilia Cardiinae Lamarck, 1809
           
 
Genus Parvicardium De Monterosato, 1884
           
 
Parvicardium exiguum (Gmelin, 1791)
  x         
 
Parvicardium scabrum (Philippi, 1844)
  x x x x x     
 
GenusPlagiocardium Cossmann, 1886
           
 
Plagiocardium papillosum (Poli, 1795)
  x  x       
 
Subfamilia Protocardiinae Keen, 1951
           
 
Genus Nemocardium Meek, 1876
           
 
Subgenus Microcardium Thiele, 1934 ?
           
 
Nemocardium (Microcardium) doelense Marquet & Van Nieulande, 2005
   x        
 
Subfamilia Laevicardiinae Keen, 1936
           
 
Genus and subgenus Laevicardium Swainson, 1840
           
 
Laevicardium (Laevicardium) decorticatum (Wood, 1853)
  x x x x x x x   
 
Subgenus Dinocardium Dall, 1900
           
 
Laevicardium (Dinocardium) parkinsoni (J. Sowerby, 1814)
        x   
 
Subfamilia Cerastodermatinae Nordsieck, 1969
           
 
Genus Cerastoderma Poli, 1795
           
     x x x x    x
 
Superfamilia Mactroidea Lamarck, 1809
           
 
Familia Mactridae Lamarck, 1809
           
 
Subfamilia Mactrinae Lamarck, 1809
           
 
Genus and subgenus Mactra Linnaeus, 1767
           
 
Mactra (Mactra) glauca Von Born, 1778
     x   x   
 
Genus Mactromeris Conrad, 1868
           
         x    x
 
Genus and subgenus Spisula Gray, 1837
           
 
Spisula (Spisula) arcuata (J. Sowerby, 1817)
   x x x x x x   
 
Spisula (Spisula) obtruncata (Wood, 1857)
  x x x x x x x   
 
Spisula (Spisula) inaequilatera (Nyst, 1845)
     x      
     x       
 
Subfamilia Lutrariinae H. & A. Adams, 1856
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Lutraria Lamarck, 1799
           
 
Lutraria (Lutraria) scaldensis Van Urk, 1980
  x x x x x  x   
 
Superfamilia Solenoidea Lamarck, 1809
           
 
Familia Cultellidae Davies, 1835
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Cultellus Schumacher, 1817
           
 
Cultellus (Cultellus) cultellatus Wood in J. De C. Sowerby, 1844
  x  x x x x x   
 
Genus Ensis Schumacher, 1817
           
 
Ensis complanatus J. De C. Sowerby, 1844
     x x  x   
 
Ensis hausmanni (Goldfuss, 1841)
  x x x x x x    
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Superfamilia Tellinoidea De Blainville, 1814
           
 
Familia Tellinidae De Blainville, 1814
           
 
SubFamilia Tellininae De Blainville, 1814
           
 
Genus Angulus Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811
           
 
Subgenus Moerella Fischer, 1887
           
 
Angulus (Moerella) donacinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
   x x x x x x x  
 
Subgenus Peronaea Poli, 1791
           
 
Angulus (Peronaea) benedeni benedeni (Nyst & Westendorp, 1839)
    x x x x x x  
 
Genus and Subgenus Arcopagia Brown, 1827
           
 
Arcopagia (Arcopagia) crassa crassa (Pennant, 1777)
   x x x x     
 
Subgenus Arcopagiopsis Cossmann, 1886
           
 
Arcopagia balaustina tenuilamellosa (Nyst & Westendorp,1839)
  x x        
 
Subfamilia Macominae Olsson, 1961
           
 
Genus Gastrana Schumacher, 1817
           
 
Gastrana laminosa (J. Sowerby, 1827)
  x x x x x x x   
 
Genus and Subgenus Macoma Leach, 1819
           
 
Macoma (Macoma) obliqua (J. Sowerby, 1817)
  x x x x x x x   
 
Macoma (Macoma) praetenuis (Leathes in Woodward, 1833)
           
 
Familia Donacidae Fleming, 1828
           
 
Genus Donax Linnaeus, 1758
           
 
Subgenus Capsella Gray, 1851
           
 
Donax (Capsella) variegatus (Gmelin, 1791)
      x   x  
 
Familia Psammobiidae Fleming, 1828
           
 
SubFamilia Psammobiinae Fleming, 1828
           
 
Genus Gari Schumacher, 1817
           
 
Subgenus Psammobella Gray, 1851
           
 
Gari (Psammobella) costulata (Turton, 1822)
   x        
 
Subgenus Psammobia Lamarck, 1818
           
 
Gari (Psammobia) fervensis (Gmelin, 1791)
   x x x x x x   
 
Subgenus Gobraeus Brown, 1844
           
 
Gari (Gobraeus) depressa (Pennant, 1777)
   x  x x     
 
Familia Semelidae Stoliczka, 1870
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Abra Lamarck, 1818
           
 
Abra (Abra) prismatica (Montagu, 1808)
  x x x x x     
 
Subgenus Syndosmya Récluz, 1843
           
 
Abra (Syndosmya) alba alba (W. Wood, 1802)
     x x  x   
 
Familia Solecurtidae D'Orbigny, 1846
           
 
SubFamilia Solecurtinae D'Orbigny, 1846
           
 
Genus Solecurtus De Blainville, 1824
           
 
Solecurtus scopula (Turton, 1822)
   x x x x     
 
Superfamilia Arcticinae Newton, 1891
           
 
Familia Arcticidae Newton, 1891
           
 
Genus Arctica Schumacher, 1817
           
 
Arctica islandica islandica (Linnaeus, 1767)
 x x x x x x x x   
 
Genus Pygocardia Fischer, 1887
           
 
Pygocardia rustica (Sowerby, 1818), typical form
   x x x x x x x  
 
Pygocardia rustica (Sowerby, 1818), f. extensa A.W. Janssen & al., 1984
      x     
 
Pygocardia rustica (Sowerby, 1818), f. tumida (Nyst, 1835)
   x        
 
Pygocardia rustica (Sowerby, 1818), f. solida A.W. Janssen & al., 1984
    x x      
 
Familia Trapeziidae Lamy, 1902
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Coralliophaga De Blainville, 1824
           
 
Coralliophaga (Coralliophaga) lithophagella (Lamarck, 1819)
  x x        
 
Superfamilia Glossoidea Gray, 1847
           
 
Familia Glossidae Gray, 1847
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Glossus Poli, 1795
           
 
Glossus (Glossus) humanus (Linnaeus, 1758)
 x x x x       
 
Glossus (Glossus) lunulatus crassus (Nyst & Westendorp, 1839)
          x 
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Superfamilia Veneroidea Rafinesque, 1815
           
 
Familia Veneridae Rafinesque, 1815
           
 
Subfamilia Venerinae Rafinesque, 1815
           
 
Genus Venus Linnaeus, 1758
           
 
Subgenus Dosina Gray, 1835
           
 
Venus (Dosina) casina Linnaeus, 1758
   x x x x x    
 
Subgenus Ventricoloidea Sacco, 1900
           
 
Venus (Ventricoloidea) pseudoturgida D'Orbigny, 1852
 x x x        
 
Venus (Ventricoloidea) multilamella ringelei Marquet, 2005
          x 
 
Subfamilia Circinae Dall, 1896
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Gouldia C. B. Adams, 1847
           
 
Gouldia (Gouldia) minima (Montagu, 1803)
 x x x        
 
Subfamilia Pitarinae Stewart, 1930
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Pitar Römer, 1857
           
 
Pitar (Pitar) rudis rudis (Poli, 1795)
  x x x x x     
 
Genus and Subgenus Callista Poli, 1791
           
 
Callista (Callista) chione (Linnaeus, 1758)
   x x       
 
Subfamilia Dosiniinae Deshayes, 1853
           
 
Genus Dosinia Scopoli, 1777
           
 
Subgenus Asa Basterot, 1825
           
 
Dosinia (Asa) lupines lincta (Pulteney, 1799)
   x x x x x x   
 
Subgenus Pectunculus Da Costa, 1778
           
 
Dosinia (Pectunculus) cf. exoleta (Linnaeus, 1758)
 x x         
 
Subfamilia Tapetinae H. & A. Adams, 1857
           
 
Genus Paphia Röding, 1798
           
 
Paphia rhomboides (Pennant, 1777)
   x x x x x x   
 
Subfamilia Chioninae Frizzell, 1936
           
 
Genus Clausinella Gray, 1851
           
 
Clausinella imbricata (J. Sowerby, 1826)
   x x x x     
 
Genus and Subgenus Timoclea Brown, 1827
           
 
Timoclea (Timoclea) ovata (Pennant, 1777)
  x x x x x x x   
 
Familia Petricolidae Deshayes, 1839
           
 
Genus Lajonkairea Deshayes, 1854
           
 
Lajonkairea rupestris lupinoides (Nyst, 1836)
  x x x x x     
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Ordo Myoida Stoliczka, 1870
           
 
Subordo Myina Stoliczka, 1870
           
 
Superfamilia Myoidea Lamarck, 1809
           
 
Familia Myidae Lamarck, 1809
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Mya Linnaeus, 1758
           
 
Mya (Mya) truncata gudmunduri Strauch, 1972
    x x x x x   
 
Subgenus Arenomya Winckworth, 1930
           
 
Mya (Arenomya) arenaria lata (J. Sowerby, 1815)
        x   
 
Genus Sphenia Turton, 1822
           
 
Sphenia binghami Turton, 1822
    x  x     
 
Familia Corbulidae Lamarck, 1818
           
 
Subfamilia Corbulinae Gray, 1823
           
 
Genus Corbula Brongniart, 1792
           
 
Subgenus Varicorbula Grant & Gale, 1831
           
 
Corbula (Varicorbula) gibba gibba (Olivi, 1792)
 x x x x x x x x x  
 
Subfamilia Lentidinae Vokes, 1945
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Lentidium De Cristofori & Jan, 1832
           
 
Lentidium (Lentidium) complanatum (J. Sowerby, 1822)
      x  x   
 
Familia Spheniopsidae Gardner, 1928
           
 
Genus Spheniopsis Sandberger, 1863
           
 
Spheniopsis jugosa (Wood, 1857)
   x        
 
Superfamilia Gastrochoenacae Gray, 1840
           
 
Familia Gastrochoenidae Gray, 1840
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Gastrochaena Spengler, 1783
           
 
Gastrochaena (Gastrochaena) dubia (Pennant, 1777)
  x  x x      
 
Superfamilia Hiatelloidea Gray, 1824
           
 
Familia Hiatellidae Gray, 1824
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Hiatella Daudin in Bosc, 1801
           
 
Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica (Linnaeus, 1767)
 x x x x x x x x x  
 
Genus Cyrtodaria Reuss, 1801
           
 
Cyrtodaria angusta (Nyst & Westendorp, 1839)
 x x x x x x x x   
 
Genus Panomya Gray, 1857
           
 
Panomya trapezoides Strauch, 1972
      x  x   
 
Genus and Subgenus Panopea Menard de la Groye, 1807
           
 
Panopea glycimeris (von Born, 1778)
 x x x x x x x x   
 
Panopea (Panopea) menardi kazakovae Glibert & Van de Poel, 1966
 x          
 
Genus Turneria Glibert & Van de Poel, 1966
           
 
Turneria angulata (Wood, 1840)
  x  x  x     
 
Turneria cylindrica (Wood, 1850)
  x  x  x     
 
Subordo Pholadina H. & A. Adams, 1858
           
 
Superfamilia Pholadoidea Lamarck, 1809
           
 
Familia Pholadidae Lamarck, 1809
           
 
Subfamilia Pholadinae Lamarck, 1809
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Barnea Leach in Risso, 1826
           
 
Barnea (Barnea) cylindrica (J. Sowerby, 1818)
        x   
 
Genus Zirfaea Leach in Gray, 1848
           
 
Zirfaea crispata (Linnaeus, 1758)
      x  x   
 
Subfamilia xylophaginae Purchon, 1841
           
 
Genus Xylophaga Turton, 1822
           
 
Xylophaga sp.
        x   
 
Familia Teredinidae Rafinesque, 1815
           
 
Genus and species: Unidentified genus and species
  x    x  x   
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Subclassis Anomalodesmata Dall, 1889
           
 
Ordo Pholadomyoida Newell, 1965
           
 
Superfamilia Pholadomyoidea Gray, 1847
           
 
Familia Pholadomyidae Gray, 1847
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Pholadomya G.B.Sowerby, 1823
           
 
Pholadomya (Pholadomya) hesterna J. de C. Sowerby, 1844
  x x   x     
 
Superfamilia Pandoroidea Rafinesque, 1815
           
 
Familia Pandoridae Rafinesque, 1815
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Pandora Bruguière, 1792
           
 
Pandora (Pandora) pinna (Montagu, 1803)
  x x  x x     
 
Familia Lyonsiidae Fischer, 1887
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Lyonsia Turton, 1822
           
   x x x x x    
 
Familia Periplomatidae Dall, 1895
           
 
Genus Cochlodesma Couthouy, 1839
           
 
Subgenus Bontaea Brown, 1844
           
 
Cochlodesma (Bontaea) complanatum Wood, 1857
  x x x  x     
 
Familia Thraciidae Stolizcka, 1870
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Thracia Sowerby, 1823
           
 
Thracia (Thracia) altenai Glibert & Van der Poel, 1966
  x  x x      
 
Thracia (Thracia) inflata inflata J. de C. Sowerby, 1845
 x          
 
Thracia (Thracia) inflata microgranosa Marquet, 2005
           
 
Thracia (Thracia) convexa (W. Wood, 1815)
  x x   x     
 
Thracia (Thracia) detruncata Wood, 1840
   x        
 
Thracia (Thracia) aff. villosiuscula (Macgillivray, 1827)
           
 
Superfamilia Poromyoidea Dall, 1886
           
 
Familia Poromyidae Dall, 1886
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Poromya Forbes, 1844
           
 
Poromya (Poromya) granulata (Nyst & Westendorp, 1839)
  x         
 
Familia Cuspidariidae Dall, 1886
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Cuspidaria Nard, 1840
           
 
Cuspidaria (Cuspidaria) rostrata (Spengler, 1793)
  x         
 
Cuspidaria (Cuspidaria) cuspidata (Olivi, 1792)
   x        
 
Cuspidaria (Cuspidaria) aff. obesa (Lovén, 1846)
  x         
 
Genus Cardiomya A. Adams, 1864
           
 
Cardiomya costellata (Deshayes, 1833)
  x x        
 
Familia Verticordiidae Stolizcka, 1871
           
 
Genus and Subgenus Verticordia J. de C. Sowerby, 1844
           
 
Verticordia (Verticordia) cardiiformis J. de C. Sowerby, 1844
  x x        
References:
Marquet R. (2005). The Neogene Bivalvia (Heterodonta and Anomalodesmata) and Scaphopoda from Kallo and Doel (Oost Vlaanderen, Belgium) Palaeontos 6, 1-142, 7 text-figs, 6 tables, 62 plates.
Moerdijk P. W. (2003). Mactromeris polynyma (Stimpson, 1860) (Mollusca, Matricidae) from the Upper Pliocene of the Netherlands and Belgium Cainozoic Researh, 2 (1-2) 2002, pp.135-137, October 2003
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