CIPHER MACHINES AND CRYPTOLOGY
Enigma Challenge Translation Tips
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If you're not that great in German vocabulary, don't panic! This page will help you strugle through the messages. With only a few basics, you will be able to understand most of the message. This will also help you to cut the text in pieces and if there are still unknown words, you can run them through an on-line translator.

Since the Enigma can only produce letters, we know that all numbers are spelled. So, these are easy to find in a message.

1 EINS
2 ZWO
3 DREI
4 VIER
5 FUNF
6 SECHS or SEQS
7 SIEBEN
8 ACHT or AQT
9 NEUN
0 NULL

00 CENTA
000 MILLE
0000 MYRIA

Sometimes, they spell out letters. Here's the German military phonetic alphabet:

Anton Bruno Cńsar Dora Emil Fritz Gustav Hans Ida Jota Karl Lucie Max Nanni Otto Paula Quatsch Ricard Sophie Toni Ulrich Victor Wilhelm Xanthippe Ysop Zet

If a letter is important, it could be repeated three time, for instance U-255 can be written out as UUU ZWO FUNF FUNF

Often, names of large combat units are numbered with Roman figures. The XII Armee (12th Army) will be written as ROMANEINSZWOARMEE

For special names or expressions, they used the letter J as stressmark, as in OPERATION JHERCULESJ

For more details or abbreviations, read Enigma Procedures

And here are some often used words or expressions:

ABFAHRT Sailing out
ALLE all
AM / AN / UM on
ANFANG(EN) start(ing)
ANGRIFF / ANGREIFEN attack
ARMEE army group
AUS out(of) / from
AUSFUHREN / AUSFURUNG execute/execution
AUF on
AUG also
AUFTRAG mission
BEI(M) with/near
BEFEHL(EN) order(ing)
BDU (Behehlshaber Der U-Boote) Supreme Command U-boat Fleet
(OBER)BEFEHLSHABER (supreme)commander
BLOCKIEREN block(ing)
BOOT(E) (U-)Boat(s)
DER / DIE / DEN the
DIV division
DURCH by/through
EINSATZ em/de-ployment
ES it
FALLSCHIRMJAEGER para troopers
FERTIG ready/finished
FEIND(-KRAFTE) enemy(-forces)
FLANKEN flanks
FLUGZEUG airplane
FUHRT leads
FUR for
FUNK radiomessage
GEGNERSTAND(-ORT) enemy position
GESAMTEN complete
GESTERN yesterday
GESTUTZT supported
GRAD degrees
GRUPPE (army-)group
HEUTE today
ICH I
IST is
IM / IN in
KDR commander
KRIEGSSTANZ war conditions /war action
KUSTE coast
MELDEN / MELDUNG reporting / report
MINE(N) mine(s)
MIT with
MORGEN tomorrow
MARQUA(NT) Marine Quadrant (naval square grid)
MUSS must
NACH to
NACHT night
NACHSCHUBROUTE supply road
OBJECTIVE objective
ODER or
OHNE without
OKW Army Supreme Command (Oberkommando Der Wehrmacht)
RICHTUNG direction
PANZER armoured/tank
PZDIV armourd division (Panzer Division)
SCHADEN damage
SCHIFF ship
SCHUTZ protection
SEIT(-DEM) since
SIE you
SOFORT immediately
SOLL(TE) should
SPALTEN split
SPITZE point
STANDORT place/position
TREFFEN meet/hit
UBER over
UHR hour
UND and
UNTER under
UNTERNEHMEN operation
VERLASSEN leave
VERSORGUNG supply(ing)
VON from
VORBEREITUNG(-EN ) preparation(s)
WIE how
WIRD shall/will
ZEIT time
ZERSTORUNG destruction
ZUNACHST next


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