ROOM DECORATION

ALLISON, Penelope M.

Alliston, P.M. 1992. The relationship between wall-decoration and room-type in Pompeian houses: a case study of the Casa della Caccia Antica. Journal of Roman Archaeology 5. 235-249.

Demonstration that studies of decorative schemes in Roman wall-painting should considder induvidual room-types separately. Once the different contexts of the schemes have been reconstructed, it might be possible to proceed to a more rigorous examination of the relationship between decoration and room function.

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BERGMANN, Bettina

Bergmann, B. 1994. The Roman house as memory theater. The house of the Tragic Poet in Pompeii. In: The Art Bulletin 76. 225-256.

Bergmann studies the decoration in the House of the Tragic Poet in Pompeii from the view of a vistor to the house. She concludes that the decoration program had no unitary meaning, although it was more than "mere decoration". The arrangements exercised the memory of educate viewers by unlocking a variety of associations and inviting a sequence of reasoned conclusions. While the patron emerged as a cultured agent, it was (and always is) the spectator's own frame of reference that connected the scenes.

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DE HAAN, Nathalie

De Haan, N. 1993. Dekoration und Funktion in den Privatbädern von Pompeji und Herculaneum. In: E.M. Moormann (ed). Functional and Spacial Analysis of Wall Painting. Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress on Ancient Wall Painting. Leiden. 34-37.

The autor approaches the decoration of private baths in two ways: 1. The functionality of the decoration (e.g. stuc as protection against condenswater p34) and 2. the decoration in function of the room (34-36). All decoration (wal panting, stuc, mosaic) is taken into account because it is not usefull only to examine wallpainting (34). Three themes are identifyed: water, sport and the badepraxis. The conclusion is that the decoration of private baths was added specifically in function of the rooms.

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MOLS, Stephan T.A.M.

Mols, S.T.A.M. 1994. Houten meubels in Herculaneum: vorm, techniek en functie. Indagationes Noviomagenses 10. Nijmegen.

Stephan Mols publishes the entire collection of wooden furniture from Herculaneum for the first time, therewith making them finally accesible in published form. The book is structured in 5 parts. (1) Is a general framework commenting the literary sources on ancient furniture. (2) Treats the subject of carbonization, excavation and preservation of the furniture. (3) Covers the pieces themselves (4) Comments the materials and techniques used and the function of the furniture. (5) Is the catalogue containing detailed entries on the furniture's form.
Although there are some minor inconveniences, the work is not to be neglected when considering ancient furniture.

Reviewed by Elizabeth Simpson. 2001. AJA 105. 747-748. (map 2)

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VAN BINNEBEKE, Marie Christine

Van Binnebeke, M.C.. 1993. Decoration and Function: Herculaneum. In: E.M. Moormann (ed). Functional and Spacial Analysis of Wall Painting. Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress on Ancient Wall Painting. Leiden. 18-22.

Aim of this paper is to seek to understand the relation between wall decoration and the specific use of rooms, and the relation between the rooms in the house as a whole. The function and use of wall decoration and the choice of colours of atrium houses in Herculaneum is examined, with as case study the Casa Sannitica. The conclusion is that wall decoration played a major part in indicating the accessibility of the rooms and in distinguishing a room from an other room, in combination with features as situation, size and architecture(18). No standard relationship between the choise of colours and the room function can be postulated(21). It seems that the decoration as a whole determines wether a room attracts attention and not the colours. As a rule a specific function can not be inferred from the wall decoration, but it does eneble us to point out what are the constituent units of a house and which rooms are important(21).

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WESTGATE, R.C.

Westgate, R.C. 2000. Space and decoration in Hellenistic houses. In: Annual of the British School at Athens 95. 391-426.

Westgate first describes the decorative hierarchies which seem to exists within the organisation of pavement and wall-painting. Afterwards he give some examples from Delos. His conclusion is that the public area which was decorated expanded in the Hellenistic period. As the reason why, he give some possible answors. First and for all, diminuised the improvement of techniques and the existance of more specialists the cost for decorating spaces and also gave more possiblilities even to the less wealthy individuals. Secondly decoration became more important to show ones status. Westgate also remarks the greater difference between the quarters from the servants and those from the masters. Maybe free born wanted more to accentuate the difference between them and the houseslaves. At last maybe the clear sepparation between andron and gynaikon ceased to exist, so the upper parts of the house (gynaikon) also became public space.

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Opgesteld door Toon Putzeys januari 2002
Laatst vernieuwd in januari 2003