Allason-Jones, L. 1995. "Sexing" small-finds. In: P. Rush (ed.) Theoretical Roman Archaeology. Second Conference Proceedings. Worldwide Archaeology Series 14. Aldershot: Avebury. 22-32.

Criticism on the fact that small find identification often uses inappropriate 19th century gender definitions in attributing object types to men or woman's use. Cfr. separate notes in map oxford.

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Carandini, A. (ed) 1977. L'instrumentum domesticum di Ercolano e Pompei nella prima eta imperiale. Rome.

Discription of different domestic finds of the Vesuvian villages. Especially pottery and oil lamps are described.

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Cart, W. 1912. Le Samovar Romain d'Avenches. Anz Schweiz 14. 147-153.

Reference for authepsa comparable to the ones supposedly used at Sagalassos.

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COOPER, Nicholas J.

Cooper, N.J. 2000. Rubbish counts: Quantifying poratble material culture in Roman Britain. In: S. Pearce (ed) Researching Material Culture. Leicester Archaeology Monographs 8. Leicester. 75-86.

This summarises the results of recent studies on pottery and small finds, highlighting the potential of quantified approaches in addressing not only economic issues but also those related to site function, status and material culture transfers. The paper is especially interesting for its introduction stressing the potential of artifact studies and for its analysis of the small finds (in particular metal objects). Valuable as well for references.

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Crummy, N. 1983. The Roman Small Finds from Excavations in Colchester 1971-9. Colchester Archaeological Rep. 2. Colchester: Colchester Archaeological Trust.

In this book Crummy for the first time defines functional categories for metal objects and other small finds. These groups are comparable to those used by Nathalie Kellens for studying the material of Sagalassos. According to Cooper (2000: 82) "the volume continues to be one of the standard works of reference on the subject".

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Pernot, M. 1998. Des ateliers métallurgiques près de la Porte du Rebout. In: K. Gruel, D. Vitali, et al. L'oppidum de Bibracte. Un bilan de onze années de recherche (1984-1995). In: Gallia 55: 52-60.

This paper is a part on an article on the excavations carried out at Bibracte (Gaul). This part provides a description of two successive metal workshops. No evidence was found for the smelting of ores, an activity which was carried out outside the city centre. Within the town, only the production of objects took place. The most recent a workshop (a workshop for casting bronze objects) was dated to the second half of the 1st century BC. This workshop was well preserved, containing several kilns, tools, moulds and half products which allowed a detailed reconstruction of the organisation of the production. The older workshop was interpreted as a blacksmith and was dated between 80-40 BC. This last workshop is especially important as an analogy to the workshop in B1/B3.

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Rogers, A. 2004. Metalworking and Late Roman power: a study of towns in later Roman Britain. In: J. Bruhn, B. Croxford and D. Grigoropoulos (ed) TRAC 2004. Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conferece, University of Durham, 26-27 March 2004. Oxford: Oxbow. 27-38.

This paper examines the trend of metalworking activities within the disused or demolished public buildings of towns in the later Roman period of Britain (late third and fourth centuries). It is suggested that the relocation of metalworking to the city centre did not only had practical uses but also a ritual motivation (according to me, this last aspect of the paper is a bit far fetched). The paper is especially interesting for its overview of public buildings in Britain within which industrial activity took place in the later empire (pp. 29-32). FOR THE INTERPRETATION OF LA AT SAGALASSOS: On page 32, Rogers refers to the discarded remains of a human foetus within a casting-pit, connected to metalworking within an annexe of the baths-basilica complex at Cirencester. This might represent the ritual practice of revitalisation (See also Scott 1991: 119).

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SCULL, Christopher

Scull, C. 1990. Scales and weights in Early Anglo-Saxon England. In: Archaeological Journal 147. 183-215.

This paper provides an analysis of weights and balances found in early Anglo-Saxon graves. According to Scull the weights and balances were used in currency transactions with Europe and belonged to a class of independent middlemen in the trade between England and the continent. Rather then to merchants, he thinks thinks that the balances belonged to agents or officials of Anglo-Saxon elites handling a majority of transactions, commercial or otherwise between both regional rulers and aristocrats (p.202). A. Harris uses this image of "travelling taxmen" to suggest some of the balances found at Sardis did not belong to shopkeepers, but rather to tax officials living within the rooms next to the bath-gymnasium complex.

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Yazici, M. and C.S. Lightfoot. 1990. A Roman tomb group containing two Samovars (authepsae) from Kayseri Turkey. In: Opuscula romana 18. 131-138.

Yazici, M. and C.S. Lightfoot. 1989. Two Roman samovars (authepsae) from Caesarea in Cappadocia. In: Antiquity 63. 343-349.

References to authepsae

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Opgesteld door Toon Putzeys januari 2002
Laatst vernieuwd in augustus 2006