SAGALASSOS


DE CUPERE, Bea

De Cupere, B. 2001. Animals at Ancient Sagalassos. Evidence of Faunal Remains. Studies in Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology 4. Turnhout: Brepols.

Terug naar bibliografische lijst


DEGEEST, Roland

Degeest, R. 2000. The Common Wares at Sagalassos. Studies in Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology III. Turnhout.

Structure of the book:
1. Introduction
2. Chapter describing the environment and history of Sagalassos.
3. Chapter giving an overview of pottery research in general and in the eastern mediterranean in specific.
4. Chapter describing the 10 fabrics of Sagalassos, with an attempt to link the fabrics to clay in the area.
5. Chapter presenting the typology.
6. Chapter describing 9 excavation areas, detailling the sherd counts of fabrics and summarizing the most common types.
7. Chapter devoted to establishing a chronology based on "proportional dating".

Review by Slane, K.W. 2002. JRA 15. 657-659. (map 1)

Terug naar bibliografische lijst


KELLENS, Nathalie

Kellens, N., P. Degryse, P. Muchez, J. Naud and M. Waelkens. 2003. Iron production activities and products at Roman and Early Byzantine Sagalassos (SW Turkey). In: Archaeometry in Europe, Proceedings Vol. 1, Milan, September 24-26, Milan. Milan: Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia. 545-554.

Description of refuse material related to iron working in Sagalassos and its territory. The frrous material found within the city consists, besides of finished objects, of refuse of ores, bloom-iron, tap slags, furnace bottom fragments, smithing slags and a hooked billet. Those waste products were retrieved from descrtuction deposits of abandoned structues and from occupational levels (B1 room C) where they indicate the presence of metal processing activities in the city proper i.e. blacksmithing (549-550, 552). The smelting of ores on the other hand must have been located outside the city (553).

Terug naar bibliografische lijst


KIMPE, Katrien

Kimpe, K. 2003. Chemical Analysis of the Lipid Fraction from Ancient Ceramics of Sagalassos. Dissertationes de Agricultura 553. Leuven: Unpublished PhD dissertation, Faculteit Landbouwkundige en Toegepaste Biologische Wetenschappen, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

Ph.D. of Katrien Kimpe concerning the analysis of the lipid fraction of coarse ware pots from Sagalassos.

Terug naar bibliografische lijst


POBLOME, Jeroen

Poblome, J. in press. There may be life after death. Weathering patterns of Sagalassos red slip ware and implications for functional interpretation. In: M. Waelkens and J. Poblome (eds.) Sagalassos VI. Report on the survey and excavation campaigns of 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001. Acta Archaeologica Lovaniensia Monographiae 14. Leuven: Leuven University Press. (in press)

Paper describing different kinds of deposits, their formation and the typical weathering patterns on the ceramics they contain. This paper is invaluable for contextual analysis of Sagalassos. To be published in SAGA VI.


Poblome, J. in press. Mixed feelings on Greece and Asia Minor in the third century AD. In ?.

This paper illustrates the importance of archaeology in the debate on the 3rd century AD. Using the regional models in de production of ceramics Poblome nuances the 3rd century AD crisis in the east (Greece and Asia Minor).


Poblome, J. 2004. Comparing ordinary craft production: textile and pottery production in Roman Asia Minor. In JESHO 47. 491-506.

In this paper J. Poblome presents a description of pottery and textile manufacture in Roman Asia Minor. The research contributes to the debate of the contribution of artisanal production to the ancient economy. It provides a study of urban economies in Antique Asia Minor concluding that although agriculture was the most common and dominant economic activity (Weber M. & Finley M.) agriculture alway left a gap for other activities. The symbiosis between prosperous and productive countryside and a busy town connected to the wider world provided a sustainable basis for the development of craft production and allowed long-distance trade.


Poblome, J. and P. Degryse. 2002. A preliminary Interdisciplinary Reconnaissance of the Glass found at Roman Sagalassos. In: G. Kordas (ed) Hyalos Vitrum Glass. History, Technology and Conservation of Glass and Vitreous Material in the Hellenic World. Athens. 187-192.

Paper illustrating the preliminary results of an interdisciplinary research programme into the nature of the local glass production and its consumption pattern at ancient Sagalassos. A range of high quality products was manufactured from early imperial types into the seventh century AD. These assemblages are approached according their chemical composition and typo-chronology. Important are the typological classification and the examination of the representability of glass compared to SRSW, showing that the use of glass did not seem to have differed greatly throughout time (p189). This implies that glass cups can not have replaced ceramic cups as suggested by Poblome (SRSW typology and chronology. 1999 p. 313).


Groenen, P.J.F. and J. Poblome. 2002. Constrained Correspondence Analysis for Seriation in Archaeology Applied to Sagalassos Ceramic Tablewares. In: M. Schwaiger and O. Opitz ed.Exploratory Data Analysis in Empirical Research. Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Gesellschaft für Klassifikation e.V., University of Munich, March 14-16, 2001. Berlijn.

Theoretical article explaining the application of constrained Correspondence Analysis to the data of ceramics as a technique for the seriation of pottery types. The normal seriation by correspondence analyisis is expanded with extra archaeological information like stratigraphical possition which is added as constraints to the analysis.


Poblome, J and O. Bounegru and P. Degryse e.a. 2001. The sigillata manufactories of Pergamon and Sagalassos. In: JRA 14. 143-166.

Description and comparison of the production centra of sigillata of Pergamon (ESB) and Sagalassos (SRSW).


Poblome, J., P. Degryse, C. Cottica and N. Firat. 2001. A new early Byzantine production centre in western Asia Minor. A petrographical and geochemical study of red slib ware from Hierapolis, Perge and Sagalassos. In: Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautorum Acta 37. 119-126.

The title in fact covers the content of the article. It is, however, especially usefull for the definition of the phase 9 assemblage of at Sagalassos (p122-123).


Poblome, J., P. Degryse, M. Schiltz, R. Degeest, W. Viaene, I. Librecht, E. Paulissen and M. Waelkens. 2000. The ceramic production centre of Sagalassos. In: Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautorum Acta 36. 39-42.

Poblome, J. 1999. Sagalassos Red Slip Typology and Chronology. Studies in Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology II. Turnhout.

Structure of the book:
1. Introduction describing the environment and history of Sagalassos, and situating Red Slip Wares in the eastern mediterranean wares
2. Chapter presenting the typology of fabric one types
3. Description of different excavation areas and the presence of the different types
4. Analysis of the data and proposition of a relative and absolute chronology.

Review by Slane, K.W. 2000. JRA 13. 635-638. (LOKO JRA)

Terug naar bibliografische lijst


PUTZEYS, Toon

Putzeys T., T. Van Thuyne, J. Poblome, I. Uytterhoeven, M. Waelkens and R. Degeest. 2004. Anayzing domestic contexts at Sagalassos: Developing a methodology using ceramics and macro-botanical remains. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 17. 31-57.

There has been a renewed interest in the study of domestic space in antiquity, focusing upon the importance of small, (semi-)portable objects and their contexts in order to investigate human behavior. In these studies, the use of domestic space is examined by describing the contents of rooms and by linking these contents to specific activities. This article adds to the discussion by proposing a methodology for interpreting artifact distribution patterns in three steps. First, the architectural subdivision of the space is determined. Second, we assess to what degree the assemblage as found is representative of the original content of a room, by examining the formation processes of the archaeological record. Third, the presence or absence of certain functional categories within the archaeological assemblage is investigated. The application of this methodology to the ceramic and palaeobotanic material recovered from a large urban villa at Sagalassos (southwest Turkey) makes it possible to identify the function of spaces, the social status of the inhabitants and the eventual abandonment patterns on the site.

Terug naar bibliografische lijst


RATTÉ, Christopher

Ratté, C. 2003. Survey and excavation at Sagalassos, 1996-97. Review of: M. Waelkens and L. Loots (eds.) Sagalassos V. Report on the survey and excavation campaigns of 1996-1997. Acta Archaeologica Lovaniensia 11A/B. In: JRA 16. 677-684.

Review of Saga V. giving some general comments on specific subjects considered in the book. A first remark considers deforestation. C. Ratté does not belief it proven that the environment of Sagalassos was widely forested before the Hellenistic and after the Roman period. New evidence from M. Vermoere however proves the presence of large pine forrest till the Roman period, after which increasingly destructive pastoralism resulted in erosion of the mountan slopes). Second, Ratté is not sure about the interpretation of the Neon library and suggests an interpretation as a familiy Heroon. A third remark is made about the role of earthquakes. Ratté does not believe that the connection between the middle 7th century earthquake and the abandonment of the city is proven, neither does he believe that all the destruction and restauration activities of the beginning of the 6th century should be linked with the "518 AD" earthquake. Ratté suggest concentrating on the root causes of the abandonment of the city and of the capability of major civic improvement in the early 6th century AD.

Terug naar bibliografische lijst


RUSSELL, James

Russell, J. 1999. Review of: M. Waelkens and J. Poblome ed. Sagalassos IV. Report on the survey and excavation campaigns of 1994-1995. Acta Archaeologica Lovaniensia 9. In: AJA 103. 377-379.

Short compilation of the content of the volume. Especially important is his critique on the neglect of other important genres of artefacts next to pottery and coins. No glass or lamps are described, and even more perplexing is the absence of stone, metal, bone and instrumenta domestica. (378)

Russell, J. 1997. Sagalassos in Pisidia. Review of: M. Waelkens and J. Poblome ed. Sagalassos I-III. In: JRA 10. 337-344.

Review of the Saga-volumes, with especially critique on the neglection of other artefact categories than pottery and coins (344). Russell also disagrees with the indentification of the Neon library and suggests an interpretation as sanctuary for the imperial family.

Terug naar bibliografische lijst


SCHEERS, Simone

Scheers, S. in press. The coins found in 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001. In: M. Waelkens and J. Poblome (eds.) Sagalassos VI. Report on the survey and excavation campaigns of 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001. Acta Archaeologica Lovaniensia Monographiae 14. Leuven: Leuven University Press. (in press)

Publication of all datable coins from Sagalassos found between 1998 and 2001. Especially interesting for the description of the 21 bronze folles found on the stairs towards room 26.

Terug naar bibliografische lijst


SINTUBIN, Manuel

Sintubin, M., P. Muchez, D. Similox-Tohon, G. Verhaert, E. Paulissen and M. Waelkens. 2003 Seismic catastrophes at the ancient city of Sagalassos (SW Turkey) and their implications for the seismotectonics in the Burdur-Isparta area. Geological Journal 38: 359-74.

Publication of the data concerning the earthquakes at Sagalassos. Especially important for the early 6th century and middle of the 7th century AD earthquakes. The identification of the 518 Antalya earthquake as too weak and too far away for the damage caused in Sagalassos in the early 6th century AD.

Terug naar bibliografische lijst


VANHAVERBEKE, Hannelore

Vanhaverbeke, H., and M. Waelkens. 2003. The Chora of Sagalassos. The Evolution of the Settlement Pattern from Prehistoric until Recent Times. Studies in Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology 5. Turnhout: Brepols.

Doctorat of Hannelore Vanhaverbeke. Especially interesting for references to the SRSW chronology (Poblome, J. and R. Degeest. Ceramics: pp. 138-142) and for the identification of production centra for olive oil (pp. 241-284).

Terug naar bibliografische lijst


WAELKENS, Marc

Waelkens, M. 2006. Sagalassos. In: W. Radt (ed.) Stadtgrabungen und Stadtforschung im westlichen Kleinasien. BYZAS 3. Istanbul. 325-358

Description of the various disciplines participating in the research at Sagalassos and their results.


Waelkens, M. 2004. Fifteen years of archaeological research at Sagalassos (SW Turkey). In: The Australian Archaeological Institute at Athens Bulletin 2. 26-37.

Overview of the history of Sagalasos from the epi-palaeolithic until recent times. All data from the interdisciploinary research at the site is integrated.


Waelkens M. 2002. Romanization in the East. A case study: Sagalassos and Pisidia (SW Turkey). In: Istanbuler Mitteilungen 52. 311-368.

Overview of the development of Sagalassos during Imperial times (from Augustus to the 3rd century AD) with the stress on Roman influences and the transition from an Hellenistic to a Roman town.

Terug naar bibliografische lijst


WAELKENS, Marc and the Sagalassosteam

Waelkens, M. and the Sagalassos Team. In press. The 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001 excavation seasons at Sagalassos. In: M. Waelkens and J. Poblome (eds.) Sagalassos VI: Report on the Survey and Excavation Campaigns of 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001. Acta Archaeologica Lovaniensia Monographiae 14. Leuven: Leuven University Press.

Waelkens, M. and the Sagalassos Team. 2000. The 1996 and 1997 survey seasons at Sagalassos. In: M. Waelkens and L. Loots (eds.) Sagalassos V. Report on the Survey and Excavation Campaigns of 1996 and 1997. Acta Archaeologica Lovaniensia Monographiae 11. Leuven: Leuven University Press. 17-216.

Terug naar bibliografische lijst


WAELKENS, Marc et alii

Waelkens M., M. Sintubin, Ph. Muchez and E. Paulissen. 2000. Archaeological, geomorphological and geological evidence for a major earthquake at Sagalassos (SW Turkey) around the middle of the seventh century AD. In: W. J. McGuire, D. R. Griffiths, P. L. Hancock and I. S. Stewart (eds) The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes. London. 373-383.

Terug naar bibliografische lijst



Opgesteld door Toon Putzeys januari 2002
Laatst vernieuwd in juni 2006