White-Light Flares



SC Date UT Ha GOES Location NOAA CV Area Magn. Proton DeltaRadio Ap Delay Obs Remarks
24 09 Mar 2012 03:53 - M6,3 - 1429 Ekc/Ekc 900/880 BGD/BGD ? - 2 - - Several (1); (2); [X]; [T]
24 07 Mar 2012 00:24 3B X5,4 N17E27 1429 Dkc/Ekc 1270/950 BGD/BGD 6530 04:4624 207 35 SDO (1); (2); (3); [T]
24 24 Feb 2011 07:35 - M3,5 - 1163 Cro/Dai 200/120 B/BG No - 24 - - SDO (1); [L]; [T]
23 04 Jun 2007 05:13 3B M8,9 S05E51 0960 Fkc/Ekc 480/410 BGD/BGD No - - - - Several (1); (2); (3); (4)
23 03 Jun 2007 06:41 SF M4,5 S06E63 0960 Fkc/Fkc 540/480 BGD/BGD No - - - - Hinode (1)
23 14 Dec 2006 22:15 SF X1,5 S05W31 0930 Dkc/Dki 620/550 BGD/BGD ? - 2345 18 42 TRACE/Hinode(1); (2); (3); [X]; [T]
23 13 Dec 2006 02:40 4B X3,4 S06W24 0930 Dki/Dkc 670/620 BGD/BGD 698 00:3024 236 35 Hinode (1); [T]
23 06 Dec 2006 18:47 3B X6,5 S06E63 0930 Dkc/Dki 490/430 BGD/BGD 1980? - 234 48? 29? Sacramento (1); (2);(3); [X]; [T]
23 07 Sep 2005 17:40 3B X17,0 S12E89 0808 -/Dko -/510 -/BG 1880 08:3524 67 69 Holloman (1); [L]; [T]
23 15 Jan 2005 23:02 3B X2,6 N15W05 0720 Dkc/Ekc 1630/1630 BD/BD 5040 03:08234 94 36 TRACE (1); [1]
23 02 Oct 2004 05:36 - - - - - - - No - 0 27 - TRACE (1); [2]
23 24 Jul 2004 13:37 SF C4,8 N05W16 0652 Fkc/Fkc 1610/1340 BGD/BGD No - 0 - - TRACE (1); (2)
23 24 Jul 2004 00:39 - C1,6 N13W03 0652 Fkc/Fkc 1610/1340 BGD/BGD No - - - - TRACE (1); (2)
23 22 Jul 2004 00:32 - M9,1 N03E17 0652 Fkc/Fkc 1730/1840 BGD/BGD No - - 132 21 TRACE (1)
23 09 Jan 2004 01:44 - M3,2 N02E49 0537 Dkc/- 270/210 BGD/BGD No - 3 39 58? TRACE (1)
23 08 Jan 2004 16:41 - C1,3 N06E53 0537 -/Dkc 210/270 BGD/BGD No - 3 - - TRACE (1)
23 04 Nov 2003 19:50 3B X28,0 S19W83 0486 Fkc/- 630/- BGD/- 353 02:3524 67 46 GONG (1); (2); [L]
23 02 Nov 2003 17:25 2B X8,3 S14W56 0486 -/Fkc 2160/1430 BGD/BGD No - 234 132 47 DST/HOAO (1); [N]
23 29 Oct 2003 20:49 2B X10,0 S15W02 0486 Fkc/Fkc 2610/2600 BGD/BGD No - 23 400 18 DST/HOAO (1); (2); (3); (4); [N]
23 28 Oct 2003 11:10 4B X17,2 S16E08 0486 Fkc/Fkc 2120/2610 BGD/BGD 29500 01:0523 400 19 Several (1); (2); [3]
23 23 Oct 2003 02:41 SN M2,4 N03E15 0484 Ekc/- 1750/1460 BGD/BGD No - 3 111 33 TRACE (1)
23 19 Oct 2003 16:50 1N X1,1 N08E58 0484 Dkc/- 1030/1420 BGD/BGD No - 23 - - Mark Smith (1)
23 12 Jun 2003 01:30 1N M7,3 N13W65 0375 Fkc/Ekc 1170/550 BGD/BGD No - 3 39 73 TRACE (1)
23 11 Jun 2003 20:14 1N X1,6 N14W57 0375 Fkc/Fkc 1250/1170 BGD/BGD No - 23 48 64 TRACE (1)
23 14 Apr 2003 22:00 1B - N06W-- 0330 Dho/Hhx 300/200 B/A No - 0 56? 35? M. Leventhal(1); (2); [2]
23 12 Nov 2002 18:18 2N C9,9 S11W75 0180 Eki/- 280/90 BG/B No - - 15 75? TRACE (1); (2); [L]
23 05 Oct 2002 10:46 SN M1,2 S20W250137 Dki/Dai230/215 BG/BG No - - 67 43 TRACE (1)
23 04 Oct 2002 05:38 1N M4,0 S19W09 0137 -/Dki 220/230 BG/BG No - 0 56 33 TRACE (1); (2)
23 30 Sep 2002 01:50 1B M2,1 N13E10 0134 Dkc/Dko 270/350 BGD/BGD No - - 154 46 STT Nanjing (1); (2); [H]
23 29 Sep 2002 06:39 2N M2,6 N12E21 0134 Dki/Dkc 250/270 BGD/BGD No - 3 154 54 STT Nanjing (1); (2); [H]
23 26 Jul 2002 19:03 SF M1,0 S21E21 0044 Fki/Fkc 430/590 BG/BGD No - 0 22 29 TRACE (1)
23 26 Jul 2002 00:10 1N M4,9 S20E28 0044 Fki/Fkc 430/590 BG/BGD No - - 27 36 TRACE (1)
23 25 Jul 2002 03:58 SF C2,7 S13E46 0039 Ekc/Fkc 850/940 BGD/BGD No - 13 22 44 TRACE (1)
23 15 Jul 2002 20:08 3B X3,0 N19W01 0030 Fkc/Fkc 930/1350 BGD/BGD 234 21:4234 27 22 MEES (1); (2)
23 13 Feb 2002 07:12 1N C7,8 N17E18 9825 Fkc/Fkc 460/500 BG/BG No - - 6 - TRACE (1)
23 09 Sep 2001 20:45 2N M9,5 S31E26 9608 Fkc/Fkc 1050/1110 BG/BGD No - - 18 45 TRACE? (1)
23 25 Aug 2001 16:45 3B X5,3 S17E34 9591 Fki/Fki 740/740 BGD/BGD No - 234 39 49 TRACE (1); (2); (3)
23 15 Apr 2001 13:50 2B X14,4 S20W85 9415 Dko/- 350/- B/- 951 00:20234 154 58 Jim Carlson (1); (2)
23 06 Apr 2001 19:21 SF X5,6 S21E31 9415 Dko/- 860/880 BG/BG No - 35 132 36 MEES? (1)
23 02 Apr 2001 21:51 - X20,0 N--W7- 9393 Fkc/Fkc 1810/1080 BGD/BGD 1110 01:4923 56 43 - (1)
23 10 Mar 2001 04:05 1B M6,7 N27W42 9368 -/Cai 370/340 BG/BG No - 235 22 56 STT Nanjing (1)
23 24 Nov 2000 15:13 2B X2,3 N22W07 9236 -/- 440/580 BG/BG No - 2 94 42? Art Whipple (1); (2)
23 14 Jul 2000 10:24 3B X5,7 N22W07 9077 Ekc/Ekc 460/420 BGD/BGD 24000 00:21234 400 29 TRACE (1)
23 06 Jun 2000 15:25 3B X2,3 N21E129026 Fkc/- 800/630 BGD/BGD 84 22:1024 132 42 KSO + NSO (1); (2); [S]
23 06 Nov 1997 11:55 2B X9,4 S18W63 8100 -/Fkc 760/630 BG/BG 490 01:10234 27 78 Haskovo (1)
22 24 Jun 1993 07:41 2B M9,7 S11E64 7529 Dsi/Cai 190/220 B/B No - 24 9 - Bejing A.O. (1)
22 24 Apr 1992 19:19 1B M1,2 N13W00 7138 Dki/Dai 220/100 B/B No - 3 22 47 Yohkoh (1)
22 14 Feb 1992 23:09 2B M7,0 S13E02 7056 -/Ekc 660/810 -/- No - - 39? 60? Yohkoh (1)
22 26 Jan 1992 15:29 3B X1,0 S16W66 7012 Bxi/- 10/20 -/- No - - 18? 57? Yohkoh (1); (2)
22 03 Dec 1991 16:37 2B X2,2 N17E72 6952 Dki/Ekc 250/550 -/- No - 0 12 - Yohkoh (1); (2); (3); (4)
22 15 Nov 1991 22:38 3B X1,5 S13W19 6919 Ekc/- 520/300 -/- No - 23 39 48 Yohkoh (1); (2); (3); (4); (5); (6); (7)
22 28 Oct 1991 07:42 SN M1,5 S14E03 6891 -/Fkc 2040/1920 -/- No - - 236 19 Yunnan Obs. (1)
22 27 Oct 1991 05:49 3B X6,1 S13E15 6891 -/- 2380/2040 -/- 40 31:10234 236 28 STT Nanjing (1); (2); (3); (4)
22 24 Oct 1991 02:41 2N X2,1 S14E59 6891 Fkc/Fkc 2210/2440 -/- No - 3 94 69 Yohkoh (1); (2); (3); (4); (5)
22 15 Jun 1991 08:31 3B X12,0 N33W69 6659 Fkc/Fkc 1690/390 -/- 1400 [X] 24 154 48 - (1); [T]; [X]
22 11 Jun 1991 02:29 3B X12,0 N31W17 6659 -/Fkc 1980/2180 -/- No - 24 111 34 NAO Japan (1); (2); (3); (4)
22 09 Jun 1991 01:40 3B X10,0 N34E04 6659 Fkc/Fkc 2200/2240 -/- No - 24 179 28 NAO Japan (1); (2); (3); (4)
22 06 Jun 1991 01:12 4B X12,0 N33E44 6659 -/Fkc 2060/1970 -/- No - 2345 111 71 - (1); (2); (3)
22 04 Jun 1991 03:46 3B X12,0 N30E70 6659 -/Fkc 1420/1680 -/- 3000 04:34124 56? 70? NAO Japan (1); (2); (3); (4); (5); [T]
22 27 Mar 1991 04:44 - - S24W43 6555 -/Fkc 2330/1980 -/- No - 0 39? 79? Tashkent (1); (2)
22 16 Aug 1989 01:17 2N X20,0 S18W84 5629 -/- 30/- -/- No - 4? 48 56? PMO Nanjing (1); (2); (3); (4); [L]
22 05 Jul 1989 07:56 1N C9,6 N22E37 5575 Cai/Dso 120/150 -/- No - - 18 - Yunnan (1)
22 17 Mar 1989 17:37 2B X6,5 N33W60 5395 Fkc/- 3600/1350 -/- 2000 01:1824 111 43 Sacramento (1); (2)
22 16 Mar 1989 15:26 2B X3,6 N36W47 5395 -/Fkc 3560/3600 -/- No - - 56 45 Sacramento (1); (2)
22 11 Mar 1989 19:40 2B X1,3 N27E10 5395 Fkc/- 2510/2810 -/- No - 5 400 49 Sacramento (1)
22 11 Mar 1989 15:38 2B X1,2 N28E13 5395 Fkc/- 2510/2810 -/- No - 3 400 51? Sacramento (1)
22 10 Mar 1989 19:12 3B X4,5 N31E22 5395 Fkc/Fkc 2440/2510 -/- No - 2 300 53? Sacramento (1); (2)
22 09 Mar 1989 15:32 4B X4,0 N30E38 5395 Fkc/Fkc 2580/2440 -/- No - 3 48 57? Sacramento (1)
22 08 Mar 1989 18:57 - M4,6 N30E49 5395 -/Fkc 2280/2580 -/- No - 0 39? - Sacramento (1)
22 07 Mar 1989 14:54 2B X1,8 N32E65 5395 Fkc/- 1960/2280 -/- No - 35 39 54 Sacramento (1); (2); (3)
22 18 Jan 1989 18:15 3B M9,6 N26W23 5317 Fkc/Fkc 1230/1340 -/- No - 25 111 42 Sacramento (1)
22 18 Jan 1989 07:07 1F X1,4 S30W65 5312 Fkc/Ekc 1340/1230 -/- No - - 111 53 Xuan (1); (2)
22 10 Jan 1989 20:31 1B X1,4 S31E30 5312 Ekc/Ekc 1310/1170 -/- No - 2 94 22 Sacramento (1); (2)
22 24 Jun 1988 16:48 1B X5,6 S17W52 5047 -/- 870/720 -/- No - 345 39 46? Daroff (1)
21 22 May 1984 15:01 2B M6,3 S09E24 4492 -/Eac 610/500 -/- 31 43:443 56 45 Sacramento (1)
21 21 May 1984 20:27 2B X2,7 S06E40 4492 -/- 670/610 -/- No - 2 67 28? Sacramento (1)
21 20 May 1984 22:41 2B X10,1 S09E52 4492 Eac/- 670/670 -/- No - 0 56 40? Sacramento (1)
21 19 May 1984 22:00 2B X4,1 S07E62 4492 Eac/Eac 610/670 -/- No - 0 56 44 Sacremento (1)
21 25 Apr 1984 00:01 3B X13,0 S12E43 4474 Fkc/Fkc 2240/2180 -/- 2500 13:2934 179 36 (1); (2); (3); (4); (5); (6)
21 09 May 1983 23:07 2B X2,4 S29E39 4171 -/Dkc 560/490 -/- No - 2345 80 31 NAO Japan (1); (2)
21 30 Dec 1982 01:47 2B M7,1 S13W22 4033 Dsc/Csi 380/440 -/- No - 23 22 47? Huang (1)
21 17 Dec 1982 18:58 3B X10,1 S08W21 4025+26-/- 720/600 -/- No - 245 67 35 Sacramento (1)
21 15 Dec 1982 01:59 2B X12,9 S10E24 4025+26Ekc/- 770/710 -/- 130 64:462345 154 52 Sacramento (N)
21 26 Jun 1982 19:17 2B X2,1 N15W73 3781 Dhi/- 610/160 -/- No - 3 111?77? Sacramento (1); (N)
21 25 Jun 1982 21:41 1B M7,5 N17W61 3781 Eki/Dki 1050/610 -/- No - 345 39 51? Sacramento (1); (N)
21 15 Jun 1982 15:12 2B X1,3 S22E66 3780 Cai/Hax 290/210 -/- No - 12345 12 - Sacramento (1); (2); (3)
21 06 Jun 1982 16:54 3B X12,0 S09E25 3763 Ekc/Fkc 1080/1030 -/- 30 55:4614 48 55? Sacramento (1); (2); (3); (N)
21 05 Jun 1982 15:29 1B M2,1 S12E42 3763 Ekc/Ekc 1170/1080 -/- No - 3 27 42? Sacramento (1); (N)
21 04 Jun 1982 14:23 2B X2,4 S10E54 3763 Ekc/Ekc 1250/1170 -/- No - 3 27 64 Sacramento (1); (N)
21 04 Jun 1982 13:30 2B X5,9 S10E55 3763 Ekc/Ekc 1250/1170 -/- No - 34 27 64 Sacramento (1); (2); (N)
21 03 Jun 1982 11:48 2B X8,0 S09E72 3763 Ekc/Ekc 1100/1250 -/- 10 62:572345 27 66 Kalman (1); (2); (3); (4); (5)
21 05 Sep 1981 - 12 - Wang, Chen (N); [Q]
21 26 Jul 1981 13:54 2B X3,5 S15E27 3234 -/Fkc 1920/1740 -/- No - 3 48? 16? Sacramento (1); (2); (N)
21 17 Jul 1981 08:09 SB X1,7 S06E90 3221 -/- 390/1350 -/- No - 34 18 52? A. Schroyens(1); (2); [O]
21 13 May 1981 04:28 3B X1,5 N11E58 3106 -/Ekc 620/800 -/- 130 46:323 132 47 Hiei (1); (2); (N)
21 24 Apr 1981 14:11 2B X5,9 N18W50 3049 160 01:042345 154 40 Sacramento (1); (2); (3); (4); (N); [T]
21 26 Feb 1981 19:53 3B X4,0 S15E50 2958 No 23 27 - Holloman (1); (2); (3); (N); [P]
21 27 Jan 1981 15:47 1B M4,6 S13E63 2911 Dki/Dki 520/420 -/- No - - 27 38? Sacramento (1); (N)
21 01 Jul 1980 16:29 1B X2,5 S12W38 2544 Dko/Dao 400/240 -/- No - 234 6 - Sacramento (1); (2); (3); (N)
21 21 Jun 1980 01:25 1B X2,6 N20W90 2502 No 2345 9 - Harvey (1)
21 04 Jun 1980 23:01 1B X2,2 S14W69 2478 -/- 990/750 -/- No - 13 39 46? Sacramento (1); (2); (3); (N)
21 03 Jun 1980 21:34 1B M7,2 S12E64 2490 -/- 310/660 -/- No - 1234 7 - Hiei (N)
21 11 Feb 1980 20:38 1B M4 N13E62 2281 Ekc/Dkc 980/930 -/- No - 123 39? 55? BBSO (1)
21 19 Sep 1979 23:03 3B X5 N06E33 1994 Fkc/Fkc 990/970 -/- No - 0 56 25 NAO Japan (1); (2); (3); (4)
21 11 Jul 1978 10:57 2B X15 N18E45 1203 Dkc/Ekc 1370/1000 -/- 20 40:02- 32 44? Gyula (1); (2); (3); (4); (5); (N)
21 10 Jul 1978 17:34 2B M7,9 N17E54 1203 Hkx/Dkc 1080/1370 -/- No No 2345 12 - Zirin (1); (N); [B]
21 09 Jul 1978 18:22?2B X3,4 N19E68 1203 -/Hkx 760/1080 -/- No No 1345 18 - Zirin (1); (N); [5]; [B]
20 11 Oct 1974 03:29 1N - N12E02 2357900Fkc/- 689/887 GD/GD - - 23 132 45 NAO Japan (1); (2)
20 10 Sep 1974 21:46?2B X2 N10E61 2356400Dkc/Dkc 873/943 -/- Yes - 1234 18 44? Norikura (1); (2); (3); (4); (N)
20 04 Jul 1974 18:43 - - S16W08 2353200Ekc/- 1374/1123 GD/GD - - 135 94 26 H. Dodson-Prince (1); (2); (N); [Q]
20 04 Jul 1974 13:57 2B X8? S16W08 2353200Ekc/- 1374/1123 GD/GD - - 34 94 25 W. A. Feibelman (1); (2); (N)
20 07 Aug 1972 15:34 3B X10? N14W37 2317900Dkc/Dkc 1063/980 GD/GD Yes - 34 236 36 Sacramento (1); (2); (3); (4); (5); (6); (N); [4]
20 02 Aug 1972 20:58 2B X3,6 N14E28 2317900Ekc/Ekc 1321/1231 GD/GD ? - - 236 27 Zirin, Tanaka (1); (2); (N)
20 02 Aug 1972 18:44 1B M8 N14E26 2317900Ekc/Ekc 1321/1231 GD/GD ? - 4 236 29 Zirin, Tanaka (1); (2); (N)
20 25 Jun 1972 04:48 1B - N09E20 2313600Dac/Dai 180/68 GD/GD - - 0 48 58 Baranovski (1)
20 17 Nov 1970 07:44 2B X12? N17W35 2260500Fkc/Fkc 2511/1961 GD/GD ? - 0 56 37 AI Uzbek SSR(1); (2); (N)
20 16 Jul 1970 - 27 - Zhang, Smart (N); [Q]; [L]
20 24 Jun 1970 - - 22 - Boyer (1)
20 26 Mar 1970 20:11 1B X2 N06E66 2233300-/- 381/326 A/A ? - 35 39 - Sacramento (1); (2); (N)
20 27 Sep 1969 03:57 3N X2? N06W00 2212400Cai/- 126/103 GD/GD ? - 0 132 29 AI Uzbek SSR(1); (2); (N); [D]
20 12 Mar 1969 17:44 2B X10? N12W80 2191200Dai/- 489/135 G/G No - 35 22? 55? Sacramento (1); (2); (3); (4); (5); (N)
20 25 Feb 1969 09:14 2B - N13W37 2189400-/- 987/1035 G/G Yes - - 94 51 Manila Obs. (1); (2); (3); (N)
20 08 Jul 1968 17:05 3B - N13E56 2166800Ekc/Fkc 1300/1276 GD/GD - - 135 48 49 Rome Obs. (1)
20 06 Jul 1968 09:56 1N - N14E90 2166800Hkx/Eko 951/1474 GD/GD - - - 15 - Rome Obs. (1); (2); (3); (N); [L]
20 23 May 1967 18:44 3B - N27E24 2116400-/- 1612/1642 GD/GD Yes - 134 400 39 Sacramento (1); (2); (3); (4); (5); (6); (7); (N); [Q]
20 21 May 1967 19:26 2N - N24E39 2166400-/- 1252/1478 -/- ? - - 27 61? Sacramento (1); (2); (3); (N)
19 26 Sep 1963 07:15 3+ - N16W78 2061000Hkx/- 806/- -/- ? - 0 56 59 AI Uzbek SSR(1); (2); (3); (4); (N)
19 15 Nov 1960 02:21 3+ - N26W32 2007500Fkc/Fkc 1690/1495 GD/GD GLE - - 236 25 Tokyo A.O. (1); (2); (3); (4); (N)
19 03 Sep 1960 01:07 2+ - N18E87 1999800Hkx/Hkx 575/686 GD/GD GLE - - 179 46 K. Angle, USA (1); (2); (3); (4); (5); (N)
19 13 May 1960 05:22 - - - 27 - AI Uzbek SSR(1)
19 23 Oct 1959 - 1 - - - 39? - Beckers (1)
19 03 Sep 1959 04:22 2+ - N26W86 1951900Fki/- 322/- A/- - - - 67 65 AI Uzbek SSR(1); (2); (N)
19 18 Aug 1959 11:05 3B - N12W33 1949800Ekc/Ekc 1119/861 GD/GD - - - 67 40 Baranovskii (1)
19 14 Jul 1959 14:08 2+ - S22E36 1945200Dao/- 15/13 A/A - - - 400 25? Kvicala (1); (N); [Q]
19 09 Jun 1959 18:02?1- - - - -/- -/- -/- - - - 80 39? Sacramento (1); (N); [Q]; [L]
19 07 Mar 1959 17:30 2 - ---E90 - -/- -/- -/- - - - 7 - Sacramento (1); (N); [Q]; [L]
19 29 Jul 1958 03:04 3 - S13W44 1880100Fkc/Fkc 1608/1597 G/G PCA - - 56 60 AI Uzbek SSR(1); (2); (3); (N)
19 19 Jun 1958 14:45 1+ - N15W26 1873900Ekc/Eki 799/785 BGD/BGD - - - 94 42 Mount Wilson(1); (2); (3); (4); (N)
19 30 Mar 1958 08:45 2 - N34E63 1859500-/Ekc 913/1177 G/G - - - 56 66 Becker (1); (N)
19 23 Mar 1958 10:05 3+ - S14E74 1858700Eki/Eki 592/1788 BG/BG PCA - - 80 51 Becker (1); (2); (N)
19 07 Sep 1957 08:10 - - N18W90 1818200-/- 169/- GD/- - - - 12? 70? Kiepenheuer (1); (N); [Q]; [W]
19 03 Sep 1957 14:28 3 - N24W30 1818200-/Fkc 1336/1207 GD/GD PCA - - 400 22 Becker (1); (2); (N)
19 30 Aug 1957 23:30?3? - N10E20 1818200?Fkc/Fkc 1726/1317 GD/GD - - - 132?18? McNarry (1); (N); [Q]
19 31 Aug 1956 12:45 - - N15E15 1759700Eki/Eki 837/766 BGD/BGD - - - 207 36 Waldmeier (1)
19 27 Aug 1956 - 27 - Severny, Svestka (N); [Q]
19 23 Feb 1956 03:42 3 - N23W74 1735100Fkc/- 797/- GD/- GLE - - 236 48 Nutokei (1); (2); (3); (N); [WB]
19 11 Aug 1954 - 12 - Miller (1); (N); [Q]
18 18 May 1951 12:59 3 - N18W35 1676304Fkc/Fkc 4715/4865 -/- - - - 7 - Porret (1); (N)
18 19 Nov 1949 10:32 3+ - S02W70 1629502-/- 1001/737 GD/GD GLE - - 48 56 Ellison (N)
18 11 Dec 1948 08:20 3 - S09E48 1581802-/- 1445/1531 BGD/BGD - - - 56 67? Müller (1); (N); [W]
18 25 Jul 1946 16:27 3+ - N22E15 1458503-/- 4279/4100 BG/BG GLE - - 400 27 Ellison (N)
18 05 Mar 1946 11:25 3 - N28E10 1445103-/- 1699/1583 GD/GD - - - 22 24 Martheray (1); (N); [W]
17 07 Dec 1938 - 15 - Richardson (N); [Q]
17 31 Mar 1938 10:50 2+ - S20E82 1276802-/- 239/351 -/- - - - 12 74? Dobbie et al. (1); (2); (N)
17 26 Jul 1937 +/-10h3 - N32E31 1245502-/- 3179/3070 BGD/BGD - - - 6 - Waldmeier (1); (N)
16 22 Sep 1928 14:05 3 - - - -/- -/- -/- - - - - - Martheray (1); (N)
16 15 Jul 1928 - - - - - - - - - (1); (2)
16 13 Oct 1926 14:13 - - - - -/- -/- -/- - - - - - Martheray (N)
15 21 Sep 1921 12:46 - - N10W32 938801-/- 403/399 A/A - - - - - Martheray (N)
15 21 Feb 1921 12:29 3+ - S07W42 930302-/- 755/602 G/BD - - - - - Martheray (1); (2); (N); [R]
13 15 Jul 1892 17:10 - - S30W15 258300-/- 835/728 GD/GD - - - - - Rudaux (1); (N); [W]
13 17 Jun 1891 10:18 3 - N21W80 223800-/- 645/- B/- - - - - - Rudaux (1); (2); (3); (N); [Y]
11 13 Nov 1872 10:50 - - - - - - - Ferrari (1); (N)
10 01 Sep 1859 11:20 3+ - N20W12 - Fkc/- -/- -/- - - - - 18 Carrington (1); (2); (3); (4); (N); [F]; [W]
-4 27 Dec 1705 S. Gray (1)


Table comments

Remarks

Summary - Tables


WLF-bar - Comments

The WLF-pictures in the bar are from the WLF's of (left to right) 04 Nov 2003 (also visible as a very rare white-light prominence), 28 Oct 2003, 11 Jun 2003, 26 Jul 2002, 06 Nov 1997, 09 Jun 1991, 07 Mar 1989, 24 Apr 1981, 11 Jul 1978, 17 Nov 1970, 23 Mar 1958 and 01 Sep 1859. The pictures were taken from the referenced articles and websites.

Characteristics of White-Light Flares

  1. Observing the Sun, Chapter 10: Observing solar white-light flares, P. O. Taylor, 1991, Cambridge University Press.
  2. Guide to the Sun, pp. 100, 192-194, K. J. H. Phillips, 1992, Cambridge University Press.
  3. Astrophysics of the Sun, Chapter 11 pp. 360-375, H. Zirin, 1988, Cambridge University Press.
  4. Properties of White-Light Flares, P. S. McIntosh and R. F. Donnelly, 1972, Solar Physics.
  5. The occurence frequency of white-light flares, D. F. Neidig and E. W. Cliver, 1983, Solar Physics.
  6. Physical Properties of White-Light Flares derived from their Center to Limb distribution, D. F. Neidig, P. H. Wiborg and L. B. Gilliam, 1993, Solar Physics.
  7. "Hinode" discovers the origin of white light flares (2010)

Observing White-Light Flares

  1. Observing the Sun, Chapter 10: Observing solar white-light flares, P. O. Taylor, 1991, Cambridge University Press.
  2. Observing solar white-light flares, R. Hill, ALPO.
  3. Observing White-Light Flares, D. F. Neidig and J. M. Beckers, Mar 1983, Sky & Telescope.
  4. Solar Observing FAQ, Q3-15 to Q3-17 & Q5-08 to Q5-12, J. Medkeff, 2002.

Sources and Links

  1. Proton flare data (NOAA/SEC) - 1976-present.
  2. Flare characteristics (NOAA/SEC)
  3. Geomagnetic parameters (NOAA/SEC)
  4. Sunspotdata (MSFC)
  5. GLE (Ground Level Enhancement) -data: AADC, Moscow, Bartol (South Pole)
  6. Solar Radio Events (NGDC/NOAA) for the period 1967-present.
  7. Sources with many referenced white-light events and WLF-properties:

Last update: 31 August 12

Original: 25 December 06