Other Humanitarian Assistance
In times of severe natural disaster, we sometimes support the efforts of international relief agencies in regions where we may not have current investments or operations. In December 1998, Unocal helped the Nicaraguan Red Cross and Nicaraguan National Guard Emergency Committee distribute a half-ton of baby food, packaged goods and clothing donated by our employees in Lafayette and the Hartley Research Center in Brea, California, to local villages ravaged by Hurricane Mitch. In April 1999, Unocal made a donation to the International Rescue Committee in support of emergency efforts to assist refugees from Kosovo. More recently, Unocal made a donation to the American Red Cross International Response Fund to assist the victims of the devastating earthquake which struck Turkey in July 1999.
In December 1998, Unocal withdrew from the proposed CentGas pipeline project in Afghanistan and no longer has any role in developing or funding any project in that country. Our support for several humanitarian initiatives in 1998, however, enabled the establishment of community-managed home schools, which have been able to continue through 1999. CARE's Community Organized Primary Education (COPE) project, in particular, was able to make some important achievements. The project, which aimed to improve children's access to quality primary school education, targeted both boys and girls over a three-year period. COPE's project goals involved construction of new schools using community labor and financial support, establishing community-managed schools and a teacher training program, providing new textbooks and teaching materials. By March 1999, CARE had provided primary schooling for 5,164 children - 35 percent of whom are girls - who previously had no access to education, and established 81 schools and village education committees.
Updated Sept. 14, 2001: Unocal reiterates prior statements
The company is not supporting the Taliban in Afghanistan in any way whatsoever. Nor do we have any project or involvement in Afghanistan.
Beginning in late 1997, Unocal was a member of a multinational consortium that was evaluating construction of a Central Asia Gas (CentGas) pipeline between Turkmenistan and Pakistan. Part of this pipeline would have crossed western Afghanistan. However, Unocal suspended its participation in the CentGas consortium in August 1998 and formally withdrew from that consortium in December 1998. Our company has had no further role in developing or funding that project or any other project that might involve the Taliban. The pipeline was never constructed.
During this time, Afghanistan was in the midst of a civil war. We met with many factions, including the Taliban, to educate them about the benefits such a pipeline could bring to this desperately poor and war-torn country, as well as to the Central Asian region. At no time did we make any deal with the Taliban, and, in fact, consistently emphasized that the project could not and would not proceed until there was an internationally recognized government in place in Afghanistan that fairly represented all its people. Our hope was that the project could help bring peace, stability and economic development to the Afghans, as well as develop important energy resources for the region.
Unocal suspended its participation in the CentGas consortium (see statement). The company officially withdrew from the project in December 1998 (see statement below). After several incorrect reports appeared, including one published in Pakistan in February 1999, Unocal reconfirmed its position regarding this matter in another statement dated Feb. 16, 1999.
Central Asia Gas (CentGas) pipeline project
Effective December 4, 1998, Unocal has withdrawn from the Central Asia Gas (CentGas) pipeline consortium for business reasons. Unocal no longer has any role in supporting the development or funding of this project.
As a result of portfolio rationalization and successes around the world in Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Latin America, West Africa and the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, Unocal is concentrating on its core areas in this time of reduced oil prices.
Unocal had served as the development manager for the seven-member Central Asia Gas (CentGas) pipeline consortium, which was formed in October 1997 to evaluate and, if appropriate, to participate in the future construction of a gas pipeline from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan to natural gas markets in Pakistan and, potentially, India. Contrary to some published reports, Unocal was not a party to any commercial agreement with any individual Afghanistan faction.
Since the pipeline project was first proposed in 1995, there have been a number of complex issues that Unocal has taken very seriously. Unocal recognized the legitimate concerns regarding the treatment of women in Afghanistan. Consistent with our core values and business principles, Unocal provided humanitarian support and skills training to Afghanistan through CARE and the University of Nebraska at Omaha. Neither program was designed to provide pipeline construction skills training. These programs met or exceeded UN guidelines for doing fieldwork in Afghanistan. They included basic job skills training and education for both men and women, and elementary education for boys and girls. Unocal also supported earthquake relief efforts through the Red Cross and the United Nations.
Abstract: html> head> title>Peace in the pipeline -Building Ties In South And West Asia 06 April 2000 (Straits Times Singapore)title> meta name=GENERATOR" content=Microsoft FrontPage 3.0" meta name=Microsoft Border" content=none" head> body> include file=inc/mainNav.inc" include file=inc/secNav.inc" h2>font f
|Afghanistan seeks UAE investment in oil, gas sector 06 Feb 2000 (Business Recorder)|
Abstract: Afghanistan seeks UAE investment in oil, gas sector. Article from:. http:www.afghan-web.com. LAILA A ALI Business Recorder QUETTA (February 6) Afghanistan has sought potential United Arab Emirates (UAE) investment in its oil and gas potential, diplomatic quarters stated here on Saturday. According to these sources, A
Article from: http://www.afghan-web.com
Afghanistan seeks UAE investment in oil, gas sector
LAILA A ALI
QUETTA (February 6) Afghanistan has sought potential United Arab Emirates (UAE) investment in its oil and gas potential, diplomatic quarters stated here on Saturday. According to these sources, Afghanistan has potential of 145 billion cubic metres (five trillion cubic feet) gas and 95 million barrels oil reserves. There are chances of more oil and gas deposits, exploration of which by the Afghan National Oil Company (Anoc) was disrupted during 1979 Soviet invasion. As now the Taleban government, has control over 90 percent of the Afghan territory, so Anoc would once again play its positive role for oil and gas exploration with the co-operation of the UAE and other friendly countries.
Necessary co-operation from the UAE is available to Afghanistan. At present Afghanistan is receiving refined oil and gas products from friendly neighbouring countries including Pakistan. To a question, the sources said satisfactory headway has been made by Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan for gas pipeline project. All these three Muslim countries have resolved that 1,400 km-long pipeline from Daulatabad (Turkmenistan) to Multan (Pakistan) should be implemented with international co-operation. .Saudi Arabia, Japan, Korea, Pakistan, Turkmenistan and Afghanistan, the sources added, are already closely associated with this gigantic project to pipe gas to Multan from Daulatabad.
Daulatabad is believed to be one of the world's biggest gas fields, producing 15 billion cubic feet of gas per year. It has potential for producing such quantum of gas for 30 years. The pipeline is scheduled to run about 500 km in Pakistan, 764 km in Afghanistan and 136 km in Turkmenistan. To another question, sources said once the three-country gas pipeline is complete, it would serve as a catalyst for several other similar oil and gas-pipeline projects in the Central Asia and South Asia. This pipeline project, would also serve as a window for South Asia to get connected with Central Asia, for further economic, industrial and commercial growth in the region as sustainable and self-reliant to great extent.
Article from: http://www.afghan-web.com
Peace in the pipeline -Building Ties In South And West Asia
A proposed Iranian pipeline to India, which will pass through Pakistan, may help promote peace in the region
The Straits Times-Singapore
By JON STOCK IN NEW DELHI
A SERIES of lucrative new gas pipelines proposed this week could pave the way for greater regional peace in South and West Asia, particularly between India and its rival Islamic neighbours.
Mr Jaswant Singh, India's External Affairs Minister, confirmed that he would fly to Iran next month "to explore first-hand" an offer from the government in Teheran to build an overland pipeline to India.
Pakistan gave its permission on Monday for the pipeline from Iran to India to pass through its territory.
In a separate development, a gas pipeline has been proposed by the Central Asian republic of Turkmenistan, whose Foreign Minister, Mr Boris Shikhmuradov, is in New Delhi.
It will run through Afghanistan and Pakistan and terminate in India.
Mr Shikhmuradov said "Turkmenistan is holding an active dialogue on this issue with Afghanistan and Pakistan.
"In my recent meetings in Pakistan, which included parleys at the senior-most level in the Ministry of Energy and the Foreign Ministry, the focus was on the creation of an appropriate environment so that a pipeline to India via Pakistan could be laid."
Mr Singh's trip to Iran is being interpreted as part of a new initiative by the government to forge closer regional ties with moderate Islamic countries and keep up the international pressure on Pakistan following the stopover by United States President Bill Clinton in Islamabad last month.
Mr Singh is expected to highlight the dangers of Islamic extremism, knowing that Teheran shares New Delhi's own concerns.
Iran, a Shiite Muslim state, has become increasingly critical of Sunni extremists in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
A pipeline linking all three countries, for which Pakistan will receive transit fees, could prove crucial at moments when more conventional diplomatic links become strained.
Similarly, the pipeline from Turkmenistan might help to focus the minds of cash-strapped Taleban leaders on maintaining peace with India.
Mr Shikhmuradov has already said that his government is ready to work with the United Nations' Special Envoy to Afghanistan, Ambassador F. Wendrella, to bring stability to the region.
Mr Singh will also be visiting Saudi Arabia in May in his bid to reach out to the Islamic world. Saudi Arabia is an ally of Pakistan and played a pivotal role last year when it put pressure on Islamabad to withdraw its forces from Kashmir's Line of Control.