proud owner of one or more laurel plants, you want to enjoy every
year again the specific aroma or the typical shape in which you purchased
Therefore, some maintenance procedures are necessary. The following
tips will surely be useful..
Except in special circumstances, in which the plant could survive
winter in a sheltered or walled garden, you should move the plant
around half Octobre to a place where it can hibernate.
half May, the best conditions for hibernation were achieved in a frost-free
glasshouse, where the laurel passes its rest period together with
other balcony and terrace plants. However, it can also survive winter
in a sun lounge or a dark place. Just take into acoount an adjusted
watergift, especially when there is not so much light. In any case
make sure the place is frost-free and as cool as possible.
Especially for the fancier, some special activities are to be added
During winter, water the plant as less as possible, but make sure
the soil ball does not get dry.
During a sunny period give the plant slightly heated water (min 8
If there is no danger of frost, the place is to be ventilated in order
to prevent damage caused by fungus or insects.
The laurel needs to be repotted when the root ball has completely
grown through the pot, when the plant has grown too widely for the
pot or when it becomes unstable (laurel on trunk). Winter is the perfect
time of the year to move the plant to a larger pot.
As the laurel plant shows little leaf and root growth, caused by lower
temperature and less natural light in winter, it is best to repot
after new year, because otherwise the risk for the wet soil ball is
The new pot is to be 1,5 to 1,9 inches larger than the old pot.
It’s best to use a pot with drainage holes in the bottom, and
which goes larger to the top (gives less problems when the plant has
to be repotted again).
It is best to repot the laurel plant in its early youth every two
years, and when the plant gets older (pot 9,8 to 11,8 inches) every
three or four years.
Method of repotting
1 Make sure to have everything at hand. It’s not so nice to
have to look for something when you have dirty hands.
2 First, make
sure the larger pot is ready, its bottom covered with a layer of soil,
and if you wish, some potsherds and argex grains under the soil.
3 Place the
plant in the middle of the pot, and scoop on some soil.
4 In order
to have the plant stable, a piece of a handle of a broom can be used
to tamp down the soil. Go on adding soil and tamp down with the hand.
5 Do not forget
to leave room for watering by not filling the pot completely. So the
laurel can be sufficiently watered in summer.
What to do with those big heavy pots ?
If the root ball tress passes the pot, than it’s time to look
out for fresh soil.
If you do not find a bigger pot, loosen the roots from the bottom
of the pot
and remove them partly. Provide the pot with new soil and repot again.
It is very dangerous to remove the roots on the upper side!!!
When repotting, the choice of the soil is very important. Choose for
good quality. Mostly, a rather ‘heavy’ soil is to be chosen,
mixed with clay, which simplifies watering in the growth period. Make
sure the foot of the plant is never too wet, ‘cause this enhances
fungus problems at the roots. In order to avoid this sort of problem,
put potsherds and argex grains at the bottom of the pot ( a layer
of 1,1 to 1,9 inches).
During the winter period the plant is not to be feeded. There is some
fertilizer provided in the soil ball which is enough to enter the
plant into a new growthperiod. When repotting, do not add fertilizers
on the picture to enlarge..
Pruning in winter
During the past summer, the laurel plant has formed some shoots and
twigs which makes your plant look different from what you had wished.
By means of a sharp and well cutting pruning scissors, you can have
back the shape you wanted, taken into account some rules:
For a pyramid
shape: cut back the top shoot. At the top of the plant you choose
the best places and the best developed shoot: you trim it to 3,9 to
5,9 inches. Make sure the above eye is directed towards the main stem
of the plant. Then you can prune off the other shoots as to reach
the rigid pyramid shape. All the twigs and shoots reaching further
than the cone of the plant are to be trimmed, leaving 2 to 4 leaves.
Avoid cutting in the leaves. Do not hesitate to use a plank to achieve
a straight pyramid.
shrubs, pillar shapes, or bulbs on trunk, the same rules as for pyramid
shapes are to be applied. You just have to take into account the choice
of the top shoot. The shoots are to be trimmed to the circumference
of the desired bulb or pillar shape. Also cut back, leaving some leaves.
take into account the growth power of the pruned plant: the bottom
of the pyramid, bulb, bush or pillar restores itself less quickly
than the top.
best way to have a well filled plant and keep it that way, is to prune
on the entire surface of the plant, on the bottom being more prudent
and less cutting back.