NLP Archives - Frequently Asked Questions about NLP
These web pages are part of "Merl's World on NLP", one of the first websites on NLP, created in 1995 on CompuServe out of a Frequently Asked Questions file on the topic
This site has been resurrected because much of the information here is still hard to find...
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The people of the inner circle:
NLP was started by Richard Bandler (1949- ) and John Grinder (1940- ). The group expanded fast to include Judith Delosier (1946- ) (ex-wife of John), Lesly Cameron (1948- ) (ex-wife of Richard) and Robert Dilts (1955- ). Some other persons were also around, and many of them became trainers, but their contribution is not reflected in the author list of those writing the early books (e.g. Todd Epstein, who passed away in 1995 / Steve Andreas, who had been editing books even before NLP started and did some NLP books as well / David Gordon / Steve Gilligan / ...).
Richard was interested by Computer Science and "studied" psychology. It is not clear if during the "NLP period" Richard was still working on his Master's degree, or already had obtained it and just was "hanging around" in Santa Cruz. Anyway, I heard from several sources that he didn't obtain his Ph.D from Santa Cruz... (but there is no agreement where he got it from???). John had studied Linguistics (up to Ph.D. level), and had written some books based on the work of Chomsky <LINK: more details about John's Background>. Judith studied Anthropology. Lesly was a psychotherapist. Robert was a student in psychology and various other subjects.
The University of California, Santa Cruz, (75km's from San Francisco). Bandler started studying psychology here. Grinder was a associate professor in Linguistics at that time (he never got tenured as "full professor"). As far as I know, at least Robert, John and Judith still live in that area. It is still the location for the NLP University, where Judith & Robert teach each summer.
Bandler started collaborating with Grinder in 1972. The first publications appeared in 1975. The inner circle started falling apart in 1978, and closed their collaboration in 1981 with the publication of "N.L.P., volume I" (which was in fact Robert Dilt's Master's Thesis).
The original models:
Milton Erickson (The Father of Modern Hypnotherapy) was their first systematic modeling-subject, followed by Virginia Satir (The Mother of Family System Therapy). Bandler had transcribed a seminar with Fritz Perls (a leader in the Gestalt Therapy movement) before for Science and Behavior Books (by watching videotapes (or films?) and listening to audiotapes) - the resulting book is "The Gestalt approach & eye witness to Therapy".
The chronology of the first publications:
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Most everything in NLP came from somewhere else. I think that the following is more or less correct:
Any definitive references to the early work that underlies NLP can be found in the bibliography to The Structure of Magic, Volume 1
You can contact Tad at CompuServe: 73160,352.
Further reading on the quest for the roots:
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(Answer is a summary of the answer given by Judith Delozier in September'94)
Actually, the term should be "New coding", or as a synonym: "another description"
It was invented in '85 by Judi, Robert Dilts and John Grinder as a reaction the the perception at the time that NLP was a set of techniques. The question was: "What didn't we code yet?" (after "discovering" the metamodel, representational systems and submodalities, anchors and applying these representations to come up with techniques like 6-step reframing, ...) At the time people where thinking there was wisdom in the techniques, but wisdom is in the persons using the techniques.
The things that came out of the "new coding" period where perceptual positions (based on Bateson's quote "It takes two to know one.") and (neuro)logical levels (going back to logical levels in mathematics). "New coding" meant "applying perceptual positions and the logical levels to describe the "experience" of a person, and look what came out of it (what comes out of the tension?). A seminar where the term new code was introduced was also more based at the unconscious level than at the conscious level, since the conscious level was already studied (but this had nothing to do with "new coding").
Now, the focus of attention in NLP is moving towards relationship (systems thinking).
Give some feedback ...
This page is a part of the FAQ from
"Merl's World on NeuroLogistics"
This page last edited on 27 jul 2001 / Page assembled by Patrick E. Merlevede, M.Sc. / Sponsor: Acknowledge