CPU Performance Evaluation - Benchmark - Pentium 4 2.8 and 3.0

CPU Performance Evaluation - Benchmark - Pentium 4 2.8 and 3.0


Purpose

The purpose of this Benchmark is to test the difference between two Pentiums 4.
For more detail about the tests performed see here: CPU performance - part 1 and: CPU performance - part 2
The following three CPU's were tested:

  1. Intel Pentium 4 2.80 GHzThis one has a CPU Mark of 415. Evaluation 7 planets: 8.38
  2. Intel Pentium 4 3.00 GHzThis one has a CPU Mark of 491. Evaluation 7 planets: 9.5 and dropping.
  3. Intel Core i5 M 460 @ 2.53 GHzThis one has a CPU Mark of 2582. Evaluation 7 planets: 5.2

P4 2.8 P4 2.8 P4 3.0 - 1T P4 3.0 - 2T i5
CPU Benchmark 415 415 491 491 2539
Fiblong 40 2719 2250 4675,7 msec C/C++
Fibonacci50 40 63,6 86,4 - 112,1 - 125,8 106,5 sec VB 5.0
Fibonacci 40 34,5 40 - 53 - 60,4 43,8 sec VB 2010
FibonacciPP 40 2 2 - 3 - 3,5 - 3,8 3 - 3,6 - 3,7 3.6 (2.1) sec VB 2010
FibonacciPP 45 22,4 20 - 42 20 - 41,4 39 (23,4) sec VB 2010
Planet3dSimple 9,3 9,7 - 7,5 - 5,2 VB 5.0
Planet3dSimple 9,3 9,2 - 9,3 - 6,5 - 4,5 VB 5.0
Planet3dSimple * 2 6,4 2,9 3,8 - 3.0 - 2,6 3,8 - 3.0 - 2.6 VB 5.0
PlanetPP 10 7502 8173-8184-5216-4057 5217-4657-3370-3066 VB 2010
PlanetPP 100 104 109 - 62 -58 - 55 92 - 56 -52 - 50 VB 2010
PlanetS 100 107 110 -73 -58 - 55 VB 2010
VStest1 1 76453 108925 - 59510 61645 - 32010 VB 2010
VStest2 1000 70 83 47 - 39 - 40 33 - 32 VB 2010

Planet3dSimple is a VB 5.0 program, which shows a simulation of the planets around the Sun. In this case 7 planets were tested.
The results specific for the P4 3.0 were not as expected.

fotoVStest1.1000
  • The performance of the P4 2.8 is constant in time, that means also when the program runs for hours.
  • The performance of the P4 3.0 is constant for roughly 1 minute (good performance) and then the performance starts to decrease to roughly 50% This is very strange. This result is identical for all programs used.
  • The picture on the left (which comes from the program planet1.xls) shows the same behaviour as Planet3dSimple.
    • The task manager for the P4 2.8 shows a load of 100%. The top display of the task manager shows 1 box.
    • The task manager for the P4 3.0 shows a load of roughly 55%. (With one program loaded). The top display shows two boxes, which means 2 threads.
    fotoVStest1.1000

    PlanetPP is a Visual Basic 2010 program also to test the simulation of planets around a Sun. The masses of the planets are 0, that means they move in circles. PlanetPP 10 means that 10 planets are tested. PlanetPP 100 means that 100 planets are tested.
    The performance of the P4 2.8 was constant. The performance of the P4 3.0 shows this typical drop to roughly 50%.
    For more information about planetPP see here: CPU performance - part 2

    A special test was done to load the Planet3dSimple program twice.


    Msconfig

    There is one question: Is it possible with MSconfig to change the number of threads used by the P4 3.0 from 2 to 1 ? (or change it by some other means)
    I expect the answer is: No.


    Reflection part 1

    1. The Pentium 4 2.8 is a 1C/1T CPU.
    2. The Pentium 4 3.0 is a 1C/2T CPU. Memory Size is 960 MB.
    3. The Intel i5 is a 2C/4T CPU.
    The most important technical issue is that the Pentium 4 3.0 is a 1 Core/2 Thread. To read about threading read this: Multi Processors, Parallel Programming, Threads and Threading

    Observing the tests results, the only sensible conclusion is that the Pentium 4 3.0 has a very poor performance. What is so amazing that adding a second thread in the CPU did not improve performance. See column six.
    I expect that this is the first Dual Thread Intel CPU.
    Read more: Pentium 4 Northwood

    A typical case is the program VSTest1 on Pentium 4 3.0 test 12
    The performance factors for processor 1, with 1 thread used are (time in seconds between brackets):

    108925, 109472 (120), 109294 (180), 108628(300), 101812(400), Restart 78000, at end: 59510
    The performance factors of processor 1, with 2 threads used are:
    61645, 49119 (60), 44077 (120), at end: 31510 (1600)
    What those numbers mean that: The only thing is that the total performance with the 3.0 is slightly better with 2 processors/threads. 2*3150=63020 versus 1*59510. But this is still worse than the performance of the 2.8 which is constant all the time.


    Reflection part 2

    A PC is a Personal Computer.
    The question that arises what is accordingly to Intel a Personal Computer.
    For a scientist it should be a system which he or she can use to solve one problem by using the capabilities of a PC for a hundred percent. A scientist expects that designer of a PC uses that philosophy
    A main frame uses is a different philosophy. A main frame has many users. The philosophy should be here that each user should be treated equal.

    For a full list of all Pentium 4 Processors go to here: Intel® Pentium® 4 Processors with 533 MHz FSB This is the full list showing 91 products. Some are 1C/1T and some are 1C/2T.
    IMO what you need for a scientific application is a 1C/1T (or a 2C/2T).

    The question remains if it is possible to change a 1C/2T into a 1C/1T. I doubt this is.

    For the philosophy of .NET framework read this: .NET Framework Highlights


    Documentation - Hyper-threading - P4

    The following are three documents which discuss the issues of hyper-threading in relation to the Pentium 4.
    1. Intel Pentium 4 3.06 GHz with Hyper-Threading support
      This document starts with the sentence:
      We have just received the Pentium 4 2.8 GHz, etc
      Indicating when the article was written.
      In this document at the end we read:
      Well, the Hyper-Threading technology allows increasing efficiency of the processor in certain cases. In particular, when applications of different nature are used simultaneously.
      and:
      The style of the Hyper-Threading is a combination of entertaining or service processes with "working" processes. You won't get a tangible gain in most classical multiprocessor tasks if you run one application at a time. But you will surely make shorter the time of execution of most background tasks used as a makeweight. Intel has actually reminded us that operating systems we are using are multitask, and it offered a way to speed up fulfilment of a complex of simultaneously executed applications (not a single one). This is a very interesting approach, and we are glad this idea is realized.
    2. Hyper-Threading on the Pentium 4 December 2002
      In this document at the end we read:
      In our study of workload characteristics on an actual Hyper-Threading enabled Pentium 4 machine we identify "Contending" workloads that degrade performance and "Complementary" workloads that enhance performance. One important outcome was that memory intensive job mixes perform badly on Hyper-Threading.
    3. Tuning Performance of Multi-threaded programsBy Ivo Zatloukal. Exminer Prof Jari Porras. 15 May 2004
      In this document at the end we read:
      Hyper-threading is a technology that brings speedup to many problems, but not all. The speedup depends mainly on problem size and memory access pattern. Extra care must be taken where the memory access is regular (i.e. matrix operations) which can cause significant penalties in parallel algorithms.


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    E-mail:nicvroom@pandora.be.

    Created 12 January 2011
    Modified 19 January 2011
    Modified 10 August 2012

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