Comments about "Friedmann equations" in Wikipedia

This document contains comments about the article Friedmann equations in Wikipedia
In the last paragraph I explain my own opinion.




The article starts with the following sentence.
The Friedmann equations are a set of equations in physical cosmology that govern the expansion of space in homogeneous and isotropic models of the universe within the context of general relativity.
The word govern is wrong. A law or equation describe a physical phenomena.

1. Assumptions

The Friedmann equations start with the simplifying assumption that the universe is spatially homogeneous and isotropic, i.e. the cosmological principle; empirically, this is justified on scales larger than ~100 Mpc.
The issue is that this assumption should be valid, at all scalesm, for the (entire) Universe at present. What this means that the density in the entire Universe should be the same.
To get a better idea what is involved study: Friedmann's Equation & The path of a light ray

2 Equations

3 Density parameter

Although the total density is equal to the critical density (exactly, up to measurement error), the dark energy does not lead to contraction of the universe but rather may accelerate its expansion.
This is the parameter Lambda.

4 Useful solutions

4.1 Mixtures

5. Rescaled Friedmann equation

6. See also

Following is a list with "Comments in Wikipedia" about related subjects

Reflection 1 - Is the Universe homogeneous and isotropic?

Homogeneous and isotropic means that the Universe in all directions (at present) is the same. At present should be considered broader. It means during the whole evolution of the Universe starting direct after the Big Bang untill at present.

Reflection 2

Reflection 3


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Created: 17 December 2017

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