KLEINE-BROGEL

A declaration for the fundation of Kleine-Brogel can not be found . The name Brogel is inferred of the Celtic "Brogilo" what would mean "palisade". The real meaning however has been lost. For this reason there are several meanings possible: fenced country, included area, hunting area, ground submitted to a local or regional lord or a low pasture. In 1593 Kleine-Brogel had it’s own “redoubt”. From old texts becomes clear that a “ redoubt” was a municipal institution that dates of 1593. Kleine-Brogel had his own "schutterij" or civic guard in those days. Remarkable is also that in 1606 the children of Kleine-Brogel enjoyed already education. In 1616 the school stood at the place where now the church court lies. Kleine-Brogel has played an important role as military duty station since the 2nd WW. A German airoport had been planned at the end of the 2nd WW. At the same place the Allies build some time later, an airoport for their hunters. The present airoport is in use by the 10 th Tac Wing of the Belgian air power. (Nato). On 13 September 1986 the city Peer became "godfather" of the 10 th Tac Wing.

History, 10 Wingplane

At the end of the Second World War, from 1944, the allied countries founded the B90 tactical airfield in Kleine Brogel to support the operations over the Rhine.

In 1951 the Belgian Air Force expanded the base to become the home base of the 10th Fighter-Bomber Wing that was founded in Chièvres on 20 December 1951. The three squadrons of this unit, the 23rd, the 27th and 31st initially flew with Spitfire and from 1952 with F-84G Thunderjet.
From 1956 these were replaced with the F-84F Thunderstreak and the squadrons specialised in different bombardment missions within the framework of the NATO strategy and to that end an American support detachment was stationed on the base from 1962.

In 1963 the 27th Squadron was disbanded and the 23rd and 31st switched to the F-104G Starfighter in 1964. From 1981 this aeroplane was replaced by the F-16A Fighting Falcon.

After the disbandment of the 1st Fighter Wing in Beauvechain in 1996, the 10th Wing got new units and new missions: the 349th Fighter Squadron, specialised in air defence and the Operational Conversion Unit, responsible for the training of all F-16 pilots.
During a reorganisation in 2002, the 23rd Squadron was disbanded.

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