In 1979, it was estimated that a few hundred systems were connected via the Internet. By 1985, the number of connected systems eclipsed 20.000 at various universities, government sites, and corporate research organizations. By 1994, the Internet exceeded 3 million connected systems in 61 countries.
As a consequence of the continuing growth of the Internet, an independent organization called the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) was formed in 1983. The purpose of this organisation included management of Request for Comments (RFCs). These RFCs largely dictate th standards and protocols of the Internet.
By 1989, the growth of the Internet was so great that a number of suborganizations of the IAB were formed. Including among these suborganizations was the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). In 1992, the Internet was formally separated from the U.S. government and the ARPANET was retired. Currently, the Internet Society managesthe Internet through an organization known as the Internet Network Information center (INTERNIC) and continous to monitor standardization through the IAB.