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Oude inhoudsmaat. Zou ongeveer gelijk zijn aan een pint dus +/- 0,65 liter.

Content mesure: about 1 pint or +/- 0.65 liter.

bakelaer Laurierbes (Lat. Bacca Lauri)


Zoete Spaanse wijn. Andere wijnen uit het Zuiden waren romenye en malvezij.

Sweet Spanish wine.

(32, 64, 54, 56)
Wintersaus bij vlees- en visgerechten (34) bereid uit vleesnat of wijn, bruingeroosterd broodkruim en verscheidene kruiden en specerijen. Soms ook paveraet genoemd (met peper).

Sauce Poivrade for meat- and fish dishes prepared with broth or wine, roasted breadcrumb and several herbes and spices (pepper).

Een gerecht van amandelmelk en gevogelte (kip), gekruid met specerijen en suiker.

Blanc Manger is prepared with almonds milk and fowl (chicken), brought to taste with spices and sugar.

Today blanc manger is mainly a dessert made of white almonds, cream, sugar and gelatine (Italian= Pana Cotta).

(64, 80, 81, 145)
Na afkoelen van het kooknat kan het vet eraf geblazen of geschept worden.

After cooling the fat can be blown off or spooned from the fluid.

(104, 142)
Men kende toen slechts de tuinboon (Vicia Faba).

One only knew Fava Beans (Broad Beans, Horse Beans). 

Favas are good in soups and salads or as a side dish. Must be blanched and seed cover removed. Do no require soaking.The current beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris) were brought to Europe by Columbus and via Spain introduced in the North by the end of the 16th. century.

(8, 27, 90, 147, 150)
Witte suiker, geschraapt van suikerbroden, de meest gangbare vorm waaronder rietsuiker op de markt kwam.

White sugar, scraped off sugar loafs, the form in which cane sugar was sold.

Sugar was first referred to as "white" in 1430, so purification techniques were in use by then. The sugarcane plant, indigenous to southern Asia, was first used for the production of sugar between the 7th and 4th century B.C. in northern India. Cane cultivation eventually spread westward to the Near East and was introduced to the Mediterranean region by the Arabs from about 1300, giving rise to a cane sugar industry that flourished there until the late 1500's. The sugar industry survived the gradual expulsion of the Moors from the Mediterranean littoral, and was carried on by both Moslems and Christians as a profitable, expanding concern.
Production was centred in Syria, Palestine, the Dodecanese, Egypt, Cyprus, Crete (Chania = Kydonia => Candy), Sicily, North Africa, and Southern Spain. The trade (as opposed to production) was under the dominance of the merchant bankers of Italy, with Venice ultimately controlling distribution throughout the then known world. The first sugar reached England in 1319, Denmark in 1374, and Sweden in 1390.
It was an expensive novelty and useful in medicine, being unsurpassed for making palatable the odious mixtures of therapeutic herbs, entrails, and other substances of the medieval pharmacopoeia.

Columbus introduced sugarcane to the New World on his second voyage in 1493, when it was first planted on the island of Hispaniola. Within the first ten years of the 16th century, (1509) a sugar cane processing factory was established in the New World. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish, English, and French all established sugar production in their Caribbean island colonies.

In 1747 a German chemist discovered that beets contain the same sugar as sugarcane. This made Europe independant of foreign sugar.


wit bruwet
(1, 164)
Gebonden saus. Wit bruwet soms ook witmoes genoemd, is een variant van de blanc manger.

Bruet (brewet) is a thick sauce; broth or meat or other food cooked in broth. When white it is a kind of blanc manger.

Broete (Catalan), brodo (Italian).

bruinvis Merswijn, meyrswijn: (Frans: Marsouin, Latijn: Phocoena phocoena) zeevarken, werd vroeger veel gegeten.

Harbour Porpoise.